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Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
Chapter 17 - Reconstruction
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Chapter 17 - Reconstruction

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  • 1. The Aftermath of the Civil War: Chapter 17
  • 2.
    • Debate over Reconstruction
    • Reconstruction Plans
    • The Treatment of African Americans
    • Lincoln’s Assassination
  • 3.
    • The South is near destroyed
    • Over 280,000 soldiers died leaving mostly women and children left to rebuild communities and families
    • Economy of the South was devastated
    • How do we reunite the nation after the Civil War?
    • Should the South be punished or forgiven?
    • What rights should be given to newly freed African Americans?
  • 4.
    • 10 PERCENT PLAN
    • Created by Abraham Lincoln
    • 10% of voters took an oath of loyalty to the Union
    • States must ban slavery, but not necessarily give equal rights to African Americans
    • Amnesty(pardon) to Confederate leaders willing to take the oath
  • 5.
    • WADE-DAVIS BILL
    • Created by Radical(extreme) Republicans in Congress – Thaddeus Stevens – Believed Lincoln’s plan was too mild
    • 50% of voters took an oath of loyalty to the Union
    • Only whites who swore they had never picked up arms against the Union could vote
    • States must ban slavery, but not necessarily give equal rights to African Americans
  • 6.
    • Freedmen
    • Transition out of slavery
    • Distributed food, clothes, and medical
    • Established schools gave aid to new African American Institutions of higher learning
    • Acquire land, provided free transportation, and obtain fair wages
  • 7.  
  • 8.
    • Killed while watching a play known as “Our American Cousin” at Ford’s Theater in Washington D.C.
    • John Wilkes Booth
    • Lincoln’s death shocked the nation
    • African Americans mourn the loss
  • 9.
    • RESTORATION PLAN
    • Created by Andrew Johnson (after Lincoln’s death)
    • Most southerners were granted amnesty once they swore an oath
    • High ranking Confederate Officers and wealthy landowners could only be pardoned if they applied personally to the president
    • They abolished slavery and ratified the 13 th Amendment
  • 10.
    • African American Rights
    • Radical Reconstruction
    • Limiting Presidential Powers
    • Election of 1868
  • 11.
    • Black Codes
      • Laws passed by Southern States in order to exploit African Americans and reinstitute slavery and limit the rights of African Americans
      • Congress does two things to combat the Black Codes:
        • Strengthen the powers of the Freedmen’s Bureau
        • Passed the Civil Rights Act of 1866: granted full citizenship to African Americans
  • 12.
    • Johnson vs. Congress
      • Johnson vetoes the Civil Rights Act – Congress overrides(defeats) his veto
      • Congress passes the 14 th Amendment and requires that southern states ratify it before rejoining the Union.
      • Johnson campaigns against the 14 th amendment, but instead ends up turning people against him
      • Republicans win majorities in both the House and Senate
      • South continues refusing the ratification of the 14 th Amendment
  • 13.
    • What does this picture represent?
    • What does it tell you about black and white relations in America during this time?
  • 14.
    • Republican victories in Congress allow for Radical Republicans to control Reconstruction
    • Congress passes the 1 st Reconstruction Act:
      • Divided the 10 Southern States that hadn’t ratified the 14 th Amendment into 5 military districts under the command of a Northern General
      • African Americans could vote in state elections
      • Former Confederate leaders could not hold political office
    • White southerners refuse to take part in state elections and African Americans register and vote – By 1870 the rest of the South rejoined the Union
  • 15.
    • Congress passes the Tenure of Office Act (president can’t remove any government official without Congressional approval) in order to limit the power of the president
    • Johnson fires Edwin Stanton (Sec. of War) and is impeached (accused of wrongdoing) for doing so.
    • Johnson misses being removed from office by 1 vote.
  • 16.
    • Ulysses S. Grant (Republican) wins the election – War Hero of the Civil War
    • Congress passes the 15 th Amendment allowing African Americans the right to vote
  • 17.
    • Support for Republicans came from:
      • African Americans
      • White Southerners who supported their policies
      • White settlers from the North
  • 18.
    • African Americans in Government
      • Mostly in State governments
      • 16 in the House of Representatives – 2 in the Senate (Hiram Revels and Blanche K. Bruce)
    • Scalawags
      • Southerners who supported Republican policies
    • Carpetbaggers
      • Northerners who moved to the south to help out the Freedmen’s Bureau and settle in the South.
  • 19.  
  • 20.
    • Some were corrupt (dishonest or illegal) and took advantage of the South
    • Southern plantation owners used fear and illegal means against African Americans
    • KKK (Ku Klux Klan) – Secret organization which used fear and violence to intimidate those who supported Radical Reconstruction
  • 21.
    • Education improved for both blacks and whites
    • Black and white public schools
    • Morehouse College and Atlanta University
    • Few states required schools to be integrated
    • Sharecropping became a major way for African Americans to get land
      • Using what you grow on the land to rent out the land itself
      • little better than slavery – not much left over to sell after paying rent
  • 22.
    • How did Reconstruction decline and end?
    • What changes did the South see after Reconstruction?
    • How were African Americans treated after Reconstruction ends?
    • Was Reconstruction a success or failure?
  • 23.
    • Freedmen go back to working for former landholders
    • Republican leaders leave office
    • Racial prejudice in the North
    • Republicans in Congress split and disagree with Reconstruction
    • Amnesty Act – pardons nearly all former Confederate officials
  • 24.
    • Democrats regain political power in the South
      • KKK and other violent groups help Democrats regain power by terrorizing Southern Republicans and Blacks
    • Republican scandals in the federal government and an economic depression led to Republicans losing power in government
    • Democrats win back some power in Congress
  • 25.
    • Election of 1876 (Rutherford B. Hayes v. Samuel Tilden)
      • Congress creates a special commission
      • The election creates controversy (Hayes wins)
    • Compromise of 1877
      • Appease Democrats who felt cheated by the election results
      • Withdraw all Northern troops from the South
      • Democrats promise to uphold African American rights
    • Reconstruction Ends!
  • 26.
    • African Americans face poverty, indignity, and despair after Reconstruction ends!
    • Political power in the South shifts from Republicans to Democrats
      • Redeemers – Southern business leaders who vowed to economically develop the South
      • Many public services cut, such as public education
  • 27.
    • The “New South”
      • Creation of new economies in the South
    • The textile, tobacco, and steel industries made huge advances – Bessemer process (forming steel from iron)
    • The railroad boom and low-wages helped to industrialize the South very quickly
    • Rural economy fails
      • Tenant farming and sharecropping damaged the rural agricultural economy
    • Cotton as a “cash crop” in order to pay off debt
  • 28.
    • African American voting restrictions
      • Poll tax
      • Literacy test
      • Grandfather clauses
    • African American voting severely declines
    • Jim Crow Laws and segregation
      • Plessy v. Ferguson – justifies the use of segregation in public facilities
    • Many African Americans were lynched (death by hanging) by angry mobs

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