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The Preschool Years (3 to 5 Years Old) Discuss the health and safety practices that you will implement for your preschool child.Kelly is now in the preschool I will implement the following health and safety practices to keep her safe:Motor vehicles and bicyclesWhen taking Kelly on motor vehicles, I will see to it that she is properly buckled-up. When programs provide transportation for children,appropriate child restraints or seat belt must be used. Make sure safety education with preschool includes the buckle-up message. Activelysupervise children. Ensure that gates and fences around the playground are maintained. Reinforce the message that very young children are neverto run onto the street or cross it without holding an adults hand. Help preschoolers learn traffic safety and laws. Help children learn bicycle safetyand ensure the children wear CSA-approved and properly fitted bicycle helmets. Model safe bike riding.Source: Barbara Pimento, Deborah Kernested, (2010, 2004) Healthy Foundations in Early Childhood Settings, 368.Hand WashingI will teach Kelly to do the proper hand washing to prevent spread of germs. Teach Kelly to wash hands before eating, after using the bathroom,after playing outside, after handling with pets, after coughing or sneezing and after playing with sensory items like sand. Here are essential steps inan effective hand-washing technique:Use warm water. Wet your hands and add soap. Rub your hands vigorously for 10 to 15 seconds. Wash all surfaces, including the backs of handsand between fingers. Rinse your hands well under running water for 5 to 15 seconds. Dry your hands well with a towel. Turn off the taps with asingle-use towel. Dispose of the cloth or paper towel. Apply hand lotion as needed.Source: Barbara Pimento, Deborah Kernested, (2010, 2004) Healthy Foundations in Early Childhood Settings, 133BurnsIn order to prevent Kelly from getting burns, I as virtual mom will follow the following rules: Ensure that the temperature of the hot water fromfaucets does not exceed 43 degrees Centigrade. Kitchen must be inaccessible to unsupervised children. Never carry hot liquids of food near yourbaby or while holding her. Cover all unused electrical outlets with plastic outlet covers. Matches and lighters must never be within children’s reach.Source: Barbara Pimento, Deborah Kernested, (2010, 2004) Healthy Foundations in Early Childhood Settings, 368FallsAs Kelly gets older, she becomes more active and plays in larger groups. Head injuries are associated with most deaths and severe injuries resultingfrom falls. Tips to safeguard the home and keep Kelly safe from fall-related injuries. Window safety: Never leave children alone around open windows, balconies or decks, so they cant reach the edge. Install safety guards on all windows that are not emergency exits. Furniture safety: Do not place toys or items that attract children on top of furniture. Don’t let children climb on furniture or use drawers and shelves as steps. Place furniture away from windows and secure it to the wall to prevent it from tipping over. Play safety: Actively supervise your children when they are on a playground, and provide safe places to play. Source: http://www.safekids.org/safety-basics/big-kids/at-home/falls-prevention.html
Background or playground check“Unintentional accidents and risks to safety are more likely to occur in the outdoor environment than indoors’ (Robertson, 2010, p. 130).Preschool playgrounds should have age appropriate equipment, shock absorbing ground coverage, and supervision. Children need to have bothshade and sun on the playground. Equipment must be checked on a daily basis for cracked swings, sharp edges, litter, or broken toys. Childrenshould be encouraged to use the equipment the right way; sit to swing, sit on your bottom when going down the slide or keep the bike on the biketrack. All of these rules must be explained, and modeled, to the children daily. Children sometimes have no fear and do not think about theconsequences what would happen if the stood up in the swing. Rules must be posted on the playground and parents should be made aware ofwhat is acceptable on the playground. Explaining to the parent that when they let their children abuse or use the playground equipment the wrongway at their home or in the park, their children will try to do the same thing on the preschool playground. “What children learn from theirinteractions and relationships with adults prepare them for life?”Kelly who will be in preschool will be playing in the playground. To avoid accident in the playground, the teacher will do a playground check everyday.Source: http://eathealthymovedailybehappy.blogspot.com/2011/01/safety-practices-and-policies-for.html
The School Age Years (6 to 12 Years Old) As a parent, what are some of your concerns regarding your child’s health and safety during the School Age years?As a parent, I will teach and inform Kelly about the health and safety issues during school age years. Here are some of the following concerns:Cyber Predator Community Prevention: Internet predator prevention cannot be a cause undertaken simply by parents and children alone. This problem mustbe addressed by an entire community. Often, local police departments will hold classes on Internet predator prevention. You should attend andsupport such classes when possible. It is important that all community members, be they police officers, local officials or teachers, discuss thedangers and realities of Internet predators. Increasing knowledge and awareness will help keep Internet predators at bay. Parental Prevention: Often, the best way to prevent an Internet predator from entering a childs life is for the parent to play an active role in the childs online exploration. Parents should think about purchasing software that can help protect the safety of a child while on the Internet. Such software includes Net Nanny and Safe Eyes. In addition, household rules should be set for Internet use, and parents should make sure there is always an open line of communication when it comes to the Internet. It is important for parents to have access to all Internet accounts a child has, and browser history and messages should be checked periodically. Youth Prevention: Children and young adults should maintain awareness of possible Internet dangers. They can prevent Internet predators fromcoming into their lives by taking several precautions. Children should learn not to share personal information with any stranger they meet online andnot to trust anyone they meet in cyberspace --- it is easy to assume another identity on the Internet. Children should go to their parents first ifsomeone makes them feel uncomfortable online, and they should never, under any circumstances, arrange a meeting with someone from the Internet.I will inform Kelly about the danger of cyber predator and be very careful and be aware of Internet predators.Source: http://www.ehow.com/info_7778026_internet-predator-prevention.htmlBullying AwarenessDuring Bullying Awareness and Prevention Week – November 13-19, 2011 – Ontario students, school staff and parents are encouraged to learnmore about bullying and its effect on student learning and well-being.Bullying is defined as a form of repeated, persistent and aggressive behaviour directed at an individual or individuals that is intended to cause (orshould be known to cause) fear and distress and/or harm to another persons body, feelings, self-esteem or reputation. Bullying occurs in a contextwhere there is a real or perceived power imbalance.Schools are encouraged to use this opportunity to explain the different forms bullying can take. These include: Physical – hitting, shoving, stealing or damaging property Verbal – name calling, mocking, or making sexist, racist or homophobic comments Social – excluding others from a group or spreading gossip or rumours about them Electronic (commonly known as cyberbullying) – spreading rumours and hurtful comments through the use of cellphones, e-mail, text messaging and social networking sitesAs a parent, I will discuss with Kelly as part of the safety concern about school bullying. It is harmful to the students.Source: http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/safeschools/prevention.html
Obesity Prevention Healthy lifestyle habits, including healthy eating and physical activity, can lower the risk of becoming obese and developing related diseases.6 The dietary and physical activity behaviors of children and adolescents are influenced by many sectors of society, including families, communities, schools, child care settings, medical care providers, faith-based institutions, government agencies, the media, and the food and beverage industries and entertainment industries. Schools play a particularly critical role by establishing a safe and supportive environment with policies and practices that support healthy behaviors. Schools also provide opportunities for students to learn about and practice healthy eating and physical activity behaviors. Source: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/obesity/facts.htm Solution: At home, its important to prepare healthy meals that the entire family can enjoy and encourage more nutritious snacks like fruits andvegetables, rather than fattening treats. The Kids Health website says regular exercise also can help curb obesity. Children should aim for about 60minutes of physical activity each day.Prepare proper nutrition for Kelly and encourage her to do physical activity daily will reduce the risk of becoming obese. Source: http://www.livestrong.com/article/91300-obesity-schoolage-children/Poisoning Regularly identify and remove potentially hazardous products in the interior space and playground. Keep all medication locked and out ofreach of children. Keep first-aid kits out of reach. Staff and parents must keep purses, knapsacks, and diaper bags off the floor and out of children’sreach. Post poison control centre’s phone number by every phone. Teach children not to eat plants or berries without checking with an adult first.Educate Kelly about the hazardous products and teach her to be safe from poison.Source: Barbara Pimento, Deborah Kernested, (2010, 2004) Healthy Foundations in Early Childhood Settings, 368Protecting Against Child PredatorsTeaching your child how to protect himself against child predators is as important as other measures you use every day to keep him safe, such asmaking sure he uses a seat belt.By teaching your child how to avoid possible dangers and what to do if he finds himself in a potentially threatening situation, you will empower yourchild to know what to do in the event you are not there to protect him. Here are some important tips every parent should know about how to keepyour child safe.Teach your child the power of "No." Child predators are very good at seeking out children who may be afraid or reluctant to oppose an adult, orwho may be easily threatened or coerced. Tell your child to trust her instincts if she does not feel comfortable or is scared around someone, to tellthat person in a very loud voice, "No!" if she is asked to keep a secret or go somewhere with that person without you, and to tell you immediatelyabout what happened.Don’t assume your child will know what to do. Before the experiment parents had insisted that their child would not talk to a stranger or leave thepark with someone he or she didn’t know. Needless to say, they were wrong to assume that their child would not be vulnerable. Don’t focus on "stranger danger." For children, especially younger kids, the concept of just who exactly is a "stranger" can be confusing. They maypicture someone who is scary-looking, or who is mean. In fact, child safety experts have shown in experiments such as the one mentioned above
that children will often follow someone if that person appears friendly and is persuasive enough (by asking a child to help them find a lost puppy,for instance).Tell your child that no one should ever invade her personal space. Whether in a public space or at home, emphasize to your child that no oneshould ever get too close to her without a caregiver or one of her parents present.Designate trusted adults. Make a short list of "safe" grownups -- such as an uncle, babysitter, grandparent or neighbor -- who are allowed to pickher up from school or take care of her when you are not there or are late for pick up. Tell her to never go with anyone else unless you have agreedbeforehand to deviate from the list, and always make sure she knows exactly who will be picking her up.Teach Kelly what to do to prevent from Child predators.Source: http://childparenting.about.com/od/healthsafety/a/Protecting-Against-Child-Predators-Beyond-Stranger-Danger.htm
Reflection Paper (1 page)Think about how might your child’s development might be different if s/he was raised by people with different socioeconomic, ethnic or cultural backgrounds. How would the concept of the “whole child” play a role? (Please avoid stereotypes)