2010 Automation Scenario

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2010 Automation Scenario

  1. 1. AUTOMATION SCENARIO<br />May 10, 2010 National and Local Elections<br />
  2. 2. STATISTICS<br /><ul><li>Estimated 47,000,000 registered voters
  3. 3. 44,009,069 registered voters - as of April 20, 2009 ERB Hearing
  4. 4. 58,327 registration records cancelled by reason of death
  5. 5. 1,246,272 registration records deactivated
  6. 6. Last ERB Hearing on November 16, 2009
  7. 7. 80 Provinces
  8. 8. 1,631 cities and municipalities
  9. 9. 320,415 Established Precincts (estimate)
  10. 10. 80,136 Clustered Precincts (estimate)
  11. 11. 37,884 Polling Centers (estimate)
  12. 12. 82,200 PCOS Machines
  13. 13. 80,136 PCOS Machines for distribution to clustered precincts</li></li></ul><li>STATE POLICY<br />ENSURE FREE, ORDERLY, HONEST, PEACEFUL, CREDIBLE AND INFORMED ELECTIONS, PLEBISCITES, REFERENDA, RECALL AND OTHER SIMILAR ELECTORAL EXERCISES <br />BY IMPROVING ON THE ELECTION PROCESS AND ADOPTING SYSTEMS, WHICH SHALL INVOLVE THE USE OF AN AUTOMATED ELECTION SYSTEM THAT WILL ENSURE THE SECRECY AND SANCTITY OF THE BALLOT AND ALL ELECTION, CONSOLIDATION AND TRANSMISSION DOCUMENTS IN ORDER THAT THE PROCESS SHALL BE TRANSPARENT AND CREDIBLE AND THAT THE RESULTS SHALL BE FAST, ACCURATE AND REFLECTIVE OF THE GENUINE WILL OF THE PEOPLE<br />
  14. 14. COMELEC MANDATE<br />TO PRESCRIBE THE ADOPTION AND USE OF THE MOST SUITABLE TECHNOLOGY OF DEMONSTRATED CAPABILITY TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE SITUATION PREVAILING IN THE AREA AND THE FUNDS AVAILABLE FOR THE PURPOSE. <br />
  15. 15. ASSISTING BODIES<br />COMELEC ADVISORY COUNCIL (CAC)<br />TECHNICAL EVALUATION COMMITTEE (TEC)<br />STEERING COMMITTEE (STC)<br />PROJECT MANAGEMENT OFFICE (PMO)<br />
  16. 16. FUNCTIONS OF THE CAC<br />RECOMMEND THE MOST APPROPRIATE, SECURE APPLICABLE AND COST EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY TO BE APPLIED IN THE AES, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, AT THAT SPECIFIC POINT IN TIME;<br />PARTICIPATE AS NON VOTING MEMBERS OF THE BIDS AND AWARDS COMMITTEE IN THE CONDUCT OF THE BIDDING PROCESS FOR THE AES;<br />PARTICIPATE AS NON VOTING MEMBERS OF THE STEERING COMMITTEE TASKED WITH THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE AES;<br />
  17. 17. FUNCTIONS OF THE CAC<br />ADVISE AND ASSIST IN THE REVIEW OF THE SYSTEMS PLANNING, INCEPTION, DEVELOPMENT, TESTING, OPERATIONALIZATION AND EVALUATION STAGES;<br />ADVISE AND/OR ASSIST IN THE IDENTIFICATION, ASSESSMENT AND RESOLUTIONS OF SYSTEMS PROBLEMS OR INADEQUACIES AS MAY SURFACE OR RESURFACE IN THE COURSE OF THE BIDDING, ACQUISITION, TESTING, OPERATIONALIZATION, RE-USE, STORAGE, DISPOSITION OF THE AES EQUIPMENT AND/OR RESOURCES AS THE CASE MAY BE;<br />ADVISE AND/OR ASSIST IN THE RISK MANAGEMENT OF THE AES ESPECIALLY WHEN A CONTINGENY OR DISASTER SITUATION ARISES;<br />PREPARE AND SUBMIT REPORT EVALUATING THE USE OF THE AES.<br />
  18. 18. FUNCTIONS OF THE TEC<br />CERTIFY, THROUGH AN ESTABLISHED INTERNATIONAL CERTIFICATION ENTITY, CATEGORICALLY STATING THAT THE AES, INCLUDING ITS HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE COMPONENTS, IS OPERATING PROPERLY, SECURELY, AND ACCURATELY<br />
  19. 19. BASIS FOR CERTIFICATION BY TEC<br />THE SUCCESSFUL CONDUCT OF A FIELD TESTING PROCESS FOLLOWED BY A MOCK ELECTION EVENT IN ONE OR MORE CITIES/MUNICIPALITES;<br />THE SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF AUDIT ON ACCURACY, FUNCTIONALITY AND SECURITY CONTROLS OF THE AES SOFTWARE;<br />THE SUCCESSFUL COMPLETION OF A SOURCE CODE REVIEW;<br />
  20. 20. BASIS FOR CERTIFICATION BY TEC<br />A CERTIFICATION THAT THE SOURCE CODE REVIEW IS KEPT IN ESCROW WITH THE BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS;<br />A CERTIFICATION THAT THE SOURCE CODE REVIEWED IS ONE AND THE SAME AS THAT USED BY THE EQUIPMENT; AND<br />THE DEVELOPMENT, PROVISIONING AND OPERATIONALIZATION OF A CONTINUING PLAN TO COVER RISKS TO THE AES AT ALL POINTS IN THE PROCESS SUCH THAT A FAILURE OF ELECTIONS, WHETHER AT VOTING, COUNTING, OR CONSOLIDATION MAY BE AVOIDED. <br />
  21. 21. FUNCTION OF THE STC<br />Responsible for the successful <br />implementation of the AES. <br />
  22. 22. Concept of Execution<br />
  23. 23. Board of Election Inspectors<br /><ul><li>One (1) BEI for every clustered precinct
  24. 24. Three regular members
  25. 25. Chairman
  26. 26. Delivers ballot to voter
  27. 27. Poll Clerk
  28. 28. Third Member
  29. 29. Support Staff
  30. 30. Depends on number of precincts clustered
  31. 31. To assist Poll Clerk and Third Member in managing
  32. 32. List of Voters with Voting Records
  33. 33. Book of Voters</li></li></ul><li>Board of Election Inspectors<br />
  34. 34. Official Ballots<br />Pre-printed names of candidates<br />600 candidates can be accommodated<br />300 names per side of ballot<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36. Official Ballots<br />Ovals opposite names of candidate<br />Shade oval opposite name of chosen candidate<br />
  37. 37. PCOS Precinct Count Optical Scan<br /><ul><li>One unit per clustered precinct
  38. 38. Voter personally feeds ballot into machine
  39. 39. Ballot can be fed in any orientation
  40. 40. Both sides of ballot scanned simultaneously</li></li></ul><li>
  41. 41. TESTING & SEALING PROCEDURESAt least three days before election day<br />Public shall accomplish test ballots<br />Ballots shall be manually counted and election returns accomplished<br />Same set of ballots that was manually counted shall be fed into the counting machine<br />Manual count shall be compared with the print-out of the election returns<br />If public is satisfied that the manual count is the same as the automated count, the print-out and manually prepared election returns shall be signed-off by the witnesses<br />Machines shall be sealed without any connection to transmission links<br />Public shall be allowed to secure the polling places where the counting machines are installed<br />The only time that the counting machines shall be opened is on election day in the presence of watchers<br />
  42. 42. Voting<br />Voting period<br />7:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.<br />Unless there are voters waiting for their turn to vote<br />Poll Clerk lists down names voters queuing<br />Poll Clerk calls voter to cast ballot<br />Voter who fails to appear after being called twice shall not longer be allowed to vote<br />Precinct set up<br />At least 10 voters can cast ballot at any one time <br />
  43. 43. Voting<br />Before voting starts<br />Show that ballot box is empty<br />Transparent plastic<br />Turn on and initialize PCOS<br />Print “Zero Report” <br />To show that there is no entry/vote in machine’s memory<br />
  44. 44. Counting<br /><ul><li>At close of polls
  45. 45. Perform close function
  46. 46. To prevent additional ballots from being inserted
  47. 47. After close function, PCOS automatically
  48. 48. Starts counting process
  49. 49. Prints election returns after completion of automated count
  50. 50. Eight (8) copies</li></li></ul><li>Counting <br />Insert transmission cable<br />After printing first eight (8) copies of ER<br />To eliminate doubts that the PCOS can be manipulated remotely<br />Perform electronic transmission function<br />Print additional twenty-two (22) copies of ER<br /> Automatically performed by PCOS after completion of transmission<br />
  51. 51. Canvassing/Consolidation<br /><ul><li>Electronically transmitted results
  52. 52. Used as basis for canvassing/consolidation and proclamation of winning candidates for
  53. 53. City/municipal officials
  54. 54. Provincial officials
  55. 55. Members, House of Representatives
  56. 56. Senators and Party-list
  57. 57. Congress will also receive electronically transmitted results
  58. 58. Constitution authorized the Congress to promulgate rules for canvassing of results for President and Vice-President</li></li></ul><li>Congress<br />COMELEC<br />Manual System of Canvassing<br />National Board of Canvassers<br />Physical transport<br />Prov. COC<br />SOVM/C<br />Provincial Board of Canvassers<br />Physical transport<br />Mun./City COC<br />SOVP<br />Municipal/City Board of Canvassers<br />Physical transport<br />Election Returns<br />Precinct<br />
  59. 59. Congress<br />COMELEC<br />Electronic Transmission<br />National Board of Canvassers<br />Physical transport<br />Prov. COC<br />SOVM/C<br />Provincial Board of Canvassers<br />Comelec Central Back-up Server<br />Advance Results/<br />Monitoring<br />Physical transport<br />Mun./City COC<br />SOVP<br />Secured Public Website<br />Municipal/City Board of Canvassers<br />Server for Dominant Majority/ Minority Parties, Citizens Arm, KBP<br />Advance Results<br />Physical transport<br />Election Returns<br />Precinct<br />
  60. 60. SECURITY<br />Security measures under a manual election system still applicable<br />Strengthen security through automation<br />Password<br />PIN<br />Digital signatures<br />Encryption<br />
  61. 61. SECURITY<br /><ul><li>Time needed to decrypt one precinct result will be same amount of time needed to decrypt next precinct result
  62. 62. Transmission takes at most 2 minutes
  63. 63. Copies for distribution
  64. 64. 30 copies of election returns at the precinct level
  65. 65. 30 copies of certificate of canvass at municipal level
  66. 66. 14 copies of certificate of canvass at provincial level</li></li></ul><li>SECURITY<br />Audit Log<br />Activities<br />Time<br />Date<br />
  67. 67. SECURITY<br />Paper Ballot<br />Ballot digital image<br />Data storage device<br />Transmitted results<br />Hard copies of election results<br />
  68. 68. FIELD TEST/S<br />8 areas<br />2 for NCR <br />2 each (1 urban/1 rural)<br />Luzon<br />Visayas<br />Mindanao<br />To test system and transmission in the same environment/conditions as on election day<br />
  69. 69. CONTINUITY PLAN<br />Types of Systems Breakdown<br />Fails to scan<br />Able to scan but fails to print ER<br />Able to print ER but fails to transmit<br />Able to transmit but fails to consolidate<br />
  70. 70. CONTINUITY PLAN<br />Fails to scan<br />Use spare PCOS<br />Use PCOS of another precinct<br />Wait for other PCOS to complete process in its precinct<br />Get PCOS and reconfigure for next precinct<br />Scan ballots<br />If all PCOS fails<br />Manual counting<br />
  71. 71. CONTINUITY PLAN<br /><ul><li>Able to scan but fails to print ER
  72. 72. Use spare PCOS
  73. 73. Use PCOS of another precinct
  74. 74. Wait for other PCOS to complete process in its precinct
  75. 75. Get PCOS and reconfigure for next precinct
  76. 76. Use removable storage device of defective PCOS and let replacement PCOS print ER
  77. 77. If all PCOS fails
  78. 78. Manual counting</li></li></ul><li>CONTINUITY PLAN<br /><ul><li>Able to print ER but fails to transmit
  79. 79. Go to nearest precinct or polling center which has a functioning transmission facility
  80. 80. Use removable storage device of defective PCOS and let the functioning facility transmit precinct results
  81. 81. If all transmission facilities bog down
  82. 82. Physically transport removable storage device to canvassing site
  83. 83. In the presence of watchers and security escorts</li></li></ul><li>CONTINUITY PLAN<br /><ul><li>Able to transmit but fails to consolidate</li></ul>Use consolidation/canvassing system (CCS) of another municipality/province<br />Use the removable storage device and let functioning CCS consolidate the results<br />Provide back-up canvassing through the Central Server<br />Print results and send the same to affected board of canvassers<br />Print results and constitute special board of canvassers to take the place of the affected board<br />
  84. 84. Basic Elements of Elections<br /><ul><li>People
  85. 85. Vote-buying
  86. 86. Coercion
  87. 87. Intimidation
  88. 88. Terrorism
  89. 89. Systems & Procedures
  90. 90. Misreading of ballots
  91. 91. Unreadable handwriting
  92. 92. Error
  93. 93. Honest
  94. 94. Deliberate
  95. 95. Fraud
  96. 96. Manufactured election returns
  97. 97. Tampering of election results</li></li></ul><li>Basic Elements of Elections<br />X<br /><ul><li>People
  98. 98. Vote-buying
  99. 99. Coercion
  100. 100. Intimidation
  101. 101. Terrorism
  102. 102. Systems & Procedures
  103. 103. Misreading of ballots
  104. 104. Unreadable handwriting
  105. 105. Error
  106. 106. Honest
  107. 107. Deliberate
  108. 108. Fraud
  109. 109. Manufactured election returns
  110. 110. Tampering of election results</li></ul>Only THESE can be addressed by automation<br />
  111. 111. Successful Implementation<br />Vigilance of citizenry<br />Cooperation<br />Coordination<br />Support<br />
  112. 112. THANK YOU!<br />
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