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Organizing and outlining your presentation

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  • 1. ORGANIZING AND OUTLINING YOUR PRESENTATION Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 2. REVIEW OF PUBLIC SPEAKING PROCESS Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Select and narrow topic Identify your purpose Develop central idea Generate main ideas Gather supporting material Organize presentation Rehearse presentation Deliver presentation
  • 3. ORGANIZING AND OUTLINING YOUR PRESENTATION
    • Organizing you main ideas
    • Organizing your supporting material
    • Organizing your presentation for ears of others
    • Introducing and concluding your presentation
    • Outlining your presentation
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 4. ORGANIZING MAIN IDEAS
    • Strategies for organizing the main ideas of the speech
      • Chronological
      • Topical
      • Spatial
      • Cause and effect
      • Problem and solution
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 5. ORGANIZING MAIN IDEAS
    • Chronological
      • Organization by time or sequence
    • Topical
      • Organization according to speaker’s discretion, recency, primacy, or complexity
    • Spatial
      • Organization according to location or position
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 6. ORGANIZING MAIN IDEAS
    • To show cause and effect
      • Organization by discussing a situation and its causes or a situation and its effects.
    • Problem and solution
      • Organization by first discussing a problem and then various solutions.
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 7. HARD/SOFT EVIDENCE
    • Soft evidence includes hypothetical illustrations, descriptions, analogies, and opinions.
    • Hard evidence includes factual examples and statistics.
    • Consider organization that moves from soft evidence to hard evidence.
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 SOFT HARD
  • 8. ORGANIZING FOR THE EAR
    • Signposts are verbal or nonverbal organizational signals..
      • Previews
        • Statement of what is to come
        • Initial previews
        • Internal previews
      • Transisitions
        • Verbal and nonverbal
      • Summaries
        • Internal summaries
        • Final summary
        • Re-emphasize the main idea in a memorable way
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 9. INTRODUCING YOUR PRESENTATION
    • Introduction
      • Get the audience’s attention
      • Introduce the topic
      • Give the audience a reason to listen
      • Establish your credibility
      • Preview your main ideas
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 10. CONCLUDING YOUR PRESENTATION
    • Conclusion
      • Summarize the presentation
      • Re-emphasize the main idea in a memorable way
      • Motivate the audience to respond
      • Provide closure
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 11. SUMMARIES
    • A summary is a recap of what has been said.
    • Internal summaries are recaps of what has been said so far in the presentation.
    • The final summary is a recap of all the main points, usually just before or during your conclusion.
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007
  • 12. OUTLINING YOUR PRESENTATION
    • Preparation outline
      • Fairly detailed outline of central idea, main ideas, and supporting material
      • Standard outline format
        • Within each level, make headings grammatically parallel.
    • Delivery outline
      • Condensed and abbreviated outline from which speaking notes are developed
    Chapter 12: Organizing Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007