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Fishery and Settlement By: Ryan and Gabrielle Furlong
Migratory Fishery French Fishery Took place on the Grand Banks Started in January and Fishermen would fish for a supply of fish for Lent. Ships would rarely return to port, only to store fish. The fishery later moved closer inshore to the north and west coasts
English Fishery Fishermen would travel from the UK to fish in Newfoundland and Labrador This fishery was “inshore”, meaning it was close to land Fishery would return back to land everyday to cure their fish and spend the night
Basques Whaling Took place from the 1500s-early 1600s, mainly in Labrador Whalers would harpoon whales that were migrating in the Strait of Belle Isle Whalers usually only hunted right and bow headed whales
Economics of the Fishery Risk Fishing is a risky industry because;no granted catch storms shipwrecks pirates
Merchants Could give fishermen as much as they wanted. Owned the only supply stores and could charge the fishermen whatever they wanted.
Governing the Fishery Britain ruled the Newfoundland’s fishery until 1832 The Reason for this was that Britain wanted NL to remain a seasonal fishing station because setting up a colony would cost too much money. PROIR TO THIS: The law then stated that the FIRST captianinto port at NL would be the person responsible for enforcing the rules. This often didn’t work because most captions were more concerned about getting fish then enforcing rules
Settlement People do not settle here because it would cost too much to set up a colony to run a summer fishery AND there were no winter jobs. PLANTERS In small numbers people began to move to NL -> Merchants hired workers to protect fishing gear and stations ->”Planters” who moved to NL to work in the “shore” fishery. This was the same as the Inshore Fishery, except they did not return to English at the end of each season The first census show people first moved here in 1675
Sponsored Settlement After England’s war with Spain in 1604 investments were made to set up towns in NL The most famous being Cupids established in 1610. The French also followed suit and set up a charter colony in Placentia. Both colonies failed to make profits but were major roles in populating NL
Bibliography www.heritage.nf.ca Newfoundland and Labrador Studies Text Book Culture, Heritage & Identity