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  • 1. Fishery and Settlement
    By: Ryan and Gabrielle Furlong
  • 2. Migratory Fishery
    French Fishery
    Took place on the Grand Banks
    Started in January and Fishermen would fish for a supply of fish for Lent.
    Ships would rarely return to port, only to store fish.
    The fishery later moved closer inshore to the north and west coasts
  • 3. English Fishery
    Fishermen would travel from the UK to fish in Newfoundland and Labrador
    This fishery was “inshore”, meaning it was close to land
    Fishery would return back to land everyday to cure their fish and spend the
  • 4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dmOSxrkLXmM
  • 5. Basques Whaling
    Took place from the 1500s-early 1600s, mainly in Labrador
    Whalers would harpoon whales that were migrating in the Strait of Belle Isle
    Whalers usually only hunted right and bow headed whales
  • 6. Economics of the Fishery
    Fishing is a risky industry because;no granted catch
    shipwrecks pirates
  • 7. Merchants
    Could give fishermen as much as they wanted.
    Owned the only supply stores and could charge
    the fishermen whatever they
  • 8. Governing the Fishery
    Britain ruled the Newfoundland’s fishery until 1832
    The Reason for this was that Britain wanted NL to remain a seasonal
    fishing station because setting up a colony would cost too much
    money. PROIR TO THIS:
    The law then stated that the FIRST captianinto port at NL would be
    the person responsible for enforcing the rules.
    This often didn’t work because most captions were more concerned
    about getting fish then enforcing rules
  • 9. Settlement
    People do not settle here because it would cost too much to set up a colony to run a summer fishery AND there were no winter jobs.
    In small numbers people began to move to NL
    -> Merchants hired workers to protect fishing gear and stations
    ->”Planters” who moved to NL to work in the “shore” fishery. This was the same as the Inshore Fishery, except they did not return to English at the end of each season
    The first census show people first moved here in 1675
  • 10. Sponsored Settlement
    After England’s war with Spain in 1604 investments were made to set up towns in NL The most famous being Cupids established in 1610.
    The French also followed suit and set up a charter colony in Placentia.
    Both colonies failed to make profits but were major roles in populating NL
  • 11. Bibliography
    Newfoundland and Labrador Studies Text Book Culture, Heritage & Identity