Module 1

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Module 1

  1. 1. Module 1 MULTIMEDIA PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS Multimedia Principle -includes graphics and words rather than text alone on course pages and presentations. Graphics = still pictures, animations, videos Words = text or sounds Types of Graphics 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Decorative Representational Organizational Relational Transformational Interpretive Content Types & Graphics Decorative - added for aesthetic appeal
  2. 2. Representational - illustrate the appearance of an object Organizational - show qualitative relationships Relational - Summarize quantitative relationships
  3. 3. Transformational - illustrate change over time or space Interpretive - Make intangible phenomena invisible Content Types & Graphics
  4. 4. Contiguity Principle - Place text near corresponding graphics Good use of Contiguity Bad use of Contiguity
  5. 5. Effects of Following the Multimedia Principle 1. Students participate in active learning because they are making connections between graphics and text 2. Active learning leads to engaged learning which can increase motivation and academic achievement 3. Active learning leads to knowledge construction rather than information acquisition which involves more profound cognitive processing Examples of Multimedia Principles Used Beneficially
  6. 6. Examples of not using Multimedia Principles Correctly
  7. 7. Contiguity Principle 1. Graphics and text should be placed near each other on the screen. 2. Spoken words and graphics should be presented simultaneously. Contiguity Principle Do’s and Don’ts Do : When a graphic is showing instructions, steps, descriptions, or actions make sure the printed words are right next to it on the screen. Don’t : When scrolling, text should never be separate from the graphic above or below it. Don’t : Never put feedback on a separate page from a student answer Don’t : Directions should not appear on a separate page from their application When a graphic is showing a task, an action, or a description, the narration should be presented at the same time. Don’t : Present a segment of narration that comes first and is followed by the video or animation second. Don’t : Provide an icon or link for the narration that is separate than the icon or link for the graphic.
  8. 8. Examples of Using Contiguity Principles Correctly

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