How were civilians
affected by World War 1?
Aim: To revise key details
about the British Home
Front during the First World...
• Britain enters an European
war
• Germany invades Belgium
that was supposed not to be
invaded .
• Britain declares war on...
Queen
Victoria
Grandsons
George V
Nicholas II
Kaiser
William II
British
King
Russian
King
German
King
August 1914
• There was a great
enthusiasm over all europe
(from both sides).
• They thought they would
be victorious and ...
Britain:
Censorship:
• soldier´s letters
• Newspapers
• Photographs of dead or injured
soldiers.
• Reports aimed to:
– Mai...
Recruitment
• Initial recruitment
used posters,
leaflets, etc. to
build an army
quickly
• What is the
message of this
post...
Recruitment
0
100
200
300
400
500
Recruits(thousands)
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Month
Recruitment of...
• Voluntary recruitment was
decreasing, but the demand for
troops was increasing
• Voluntary recruitment didn’t
share the ...
• Battleships were so precious that
admirals didn´t risk them at battle.
• British blockade german ports to prevent
food a...
Rationing
• In April 1917, German U-Boats
were sinking one in every four
British merchant ships
• Britain was running out ...
Rationing
• In 1917 voluntary rationing
began, led by the royal
family
• In 1918 compulsory
rationing began
– Sugar
– Butt...
The Brown Family’s Four War
Christmas
• What is happening in each
frame?
• Explain why these things
are happening, based o...
Ww1 100518083501-phpapp02
Ww1 100518083501-phpapp02
Ww1 100518083501-phpapp02
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Ww1 100518083501-phpapp02

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This is how Britain went to war and how it affected the citizens

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Ww1 100518083501-phpapp02

  1. 1. How were civilians affected by World War 1? Aim: To revise key details about the British Home Front during the First World War http://www.mrallsophistory.com/powerpoint/ww1.ppt
  2. 2. • Britain enters an European war • Germany invades Belgium that was supposed not to be invaded . • Britain declares war on Germany.
  3. 3. Queen Victoria Grandsons George V Nicholas II Kaiser William II British King Russian King German King
  4. 4. August 1914 • There was a great enthusiasm over all europe (from both sides). • They thought they would be victorious and that the war would be over by Christmas.
  5. 5. Britain: Censorship: • soldier´s letters • Newspapers • Photographs of dead or injured soldiers. • Reports aimed to: – Maintain morale – Encourage civilians to support the war effort – Create hatred and suspicion of the enemy
  6. 6. Recruitment • Initial recruitment used posters, leaflets, etc. to build an army quickly • What is the message of this poster? • How would this poster encourage men to join the army?
  7. 7. Recruitment 0 100 200 300 400 500 Recruits(thousands) Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Month Recruitment of volunteers to the army, 1914-15 1914 1915
  8. 8. • Voluntary recruitment was decreasing, but the demand for troops was increasing • Voluntary recruitment didn’t share the burden between all parts of society • Conscription introduced in 1916 • All men aged 18-40 had to register • They could be called up to fight at any time
  9. 9. • Battleships were so precious that admirals didn´t risk them at battle. • British blockade german ports to prevent food and other supplies from being imported. • Germany was short on food in 1918. In reply, they sent submarines to sink britain merchant ships. • Britain bought food from neutral countries.
  10. 10. Rationing • In April 1917, German U-Boats were sinking one in every four British merchant ships • Britain was running out of food
  11. 11. Rationing • In 1917 voluntary rationing began, led by the royal family • In 1918 compulsory rationing began – Sugar – Butter – Meat – Beer
  12. 12. The Brown Family’s Four War Christmas • What is happening in each frame? • Explain why these things are happening, based on what you know about life on the Home Front
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