The Holocaust


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The Holocaust

  1. 1. Warning <ul><li>The following presentation may contain content that is graphic and/or disturbing intended for historical purposes. Viewer discretion is advised. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>“ All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.”-Edmund Burke </li></ul>
  5. 5. By Phillip Stevens Remembering the nightmare: The Holocaust
  6. 6. Terms to Learn and Know <ul><li>- Scapegoat : A person, place or thing that bears blame for mistakes or crimes for others. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex/ Hitler blamed the Jews for the defeat of World War I and the post-war troubles in Germany and treated them as scapegoats. </li></ul><ul><li>- Prejudice : Dislike of a person, group, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex/ Hitler had great prejudice toward the Jews. </li></ul><ul><li>- Racism : Prejudice or antagonism towards other races based on this. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex/ African-Germans were sent to concentration camps as a result of racism. </li></ul><ul><li>- Intolerance : Lack of tolerance of for difference of opinion or practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex/ Hitler has strong intolerance for government oppositions. </li></ul><ul><li>- Genocide : Deliberate and systematic destruction of a social, political, cultural or religious group. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex/ Jews, blacks, and homosexuals were targets of genocide. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Holocaust: 1933-1945
  8. 8. A Man Named Hitler: The Tragedy Begins <ul><li>On January 30, 1933, President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler Chancellor of the Third Reich of Germany . As Chancellor , Hitler banned Jewish citizens from the media, boycotted against their stores and businesses and burned Jewish literature, beginning the Nazi regime. To stop political opponents of the regime, Hitler opened the first concentration camp in Dachau , suggesting Hitler’s intolerance to opposition. As a result, the Nazis became the only legal party in Germany as of July 14, 1933. Unfortunately, Germany was withdrawn from the League of Nations on October 19. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Fuehrer <ul><li>On August 3, 1934, Hitler became the Fuehrer of Germany after the death of president von Hindenburg . Other than stripping the rights of Jewish citizens , homosexuals were the next target of Hitler’s prejudiced scheme, making several arrests from October to November 1934. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ways of the Fuehrer <ul><li>On March 16, 1935, Hitler made military service in Germany compulsory, violating the Versailles Treaty . In April, Jehovah witnesses were removed of their civil rights and arrested. Because Jews were protesting against anti-Semitism , Polish Jews were stricken by Hitler’s men on June 30. On September 15, the German government passed the Nuremberg Laws which deprived Jewish citizens of their citizenship and outlawed interracial marriage. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Lost Rights, Genocide and Alliance <ul><li>In 1936, 78,000 Jews left Germany , no longer being able to participate in elections, Olympics or practice medicine. On July 16, 1937, the first concentration camp for genocide opened in Buchenwald , sending Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah witnesses and gypsies as “ enemies of the Reich ”. On November 25, Hitler forms an allegiance with the Japanese forces , having signed a treaty. </li></ul>
  12. 12. A Major Riot <ul><li>On March 13, 1938, Austria was annexed to Germany . In October, German Jewish property was started to be confiscated. On October 28, 17,000 Jews were sent Zbazsyn on the Polish border. The Jews were outraged as a result. From November 9-10, the Jews started anti-Semitism riots in Germany and Austria , beginning the Night of The Long Knives , which resulted in 30,000 Jews arrested, 191 synagogues destroyed, and 7500 shops destroyed. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Genocide and Invasion: The Second World War <ul><li>I n September 1, 1939, Hitler gave the order to invade Poland , thus beginning World War II and two days after the British and French forces decided to engage Nazi Germany . In October, Hitler extended power to doctors to kill institutional patients who were physically or mentally defective , expanding genocide . On September 21, a Ghetto was established in Poland by a Jewish council . On November 28, Polish governor Hans Frank established Jewish councils in General Government and the first Polish Ghetto was established. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Invasions, Surrender, and Ghettos: The Rise of the Axis <ul><li>On April 27, 1940, the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp was built. On May 10, Nazi Germany invaded more European countries which included Holland, Belgium and France . Unfortunately, France surrendered on June 20. The forming of the Axis powers began on September 27, uniting Berlin, Rome and Tokyo , and Hungary, Rumania and Slovakia from November 20 to 24. On November 15, the Warsaw Ghetto was sealed off. </li></ul>
  15. 15. America’s Pearl Harbor and Russia: The World at War <ul><li>On April 5, 1941, Germany invaded once again attacking Yugoslavia and Greece . On June 22, Nazi Germany invaded Russia . On July 12, Russia was included in the Allies as Britain and Russia signed a military treaty. On October 10, a ghetto in Czechoslovakia was established. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor , thus beginning the American campaign . On December 8, the Chelmno extermination camp was opened in Lodz killing 360,000 Jews in 1943. As the Americans progressed and as an ally of Germany , both Germany and Italy engaged the United States on December 11. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Resistance and The Final Solution: The War gets Bloodier <ul><li>In January 1942, a resistance was formed in the Konvo Ghetto . On January 21, the Wansee Conference was held to draft eleven million Jews , thus beginning the Final Solution . In March, extermination began at the Sobibor and Belzec concentration camps , deporting 60,000 Slovakian Jews to Auschwitz on March 26. On June 1, extermination began in the Treblinka camp . On July 22, another armed resistance was formed in the Niewiez Ghetto as well as in the Uhava Ghetto in Western Byelorussia on September 3. The Jewish resistance organization was formed on July 28. The first Western Ukrainian resistance was formed in the Tutzin Ghetto under the command of Moshe Geldenman who escaped from the Kurtz Ghetto in the same country. On November 7, a counter-attack was carried out by Russia in the Stalingrad region . On December 17, the Allies resolved to inflict punishment on the concentration camp exterminators . </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Final Solution: The Real Genocide Begins <ul><li>As Hitler’s power expanded across Europe , Nazis took more action to Jewish citizens, Jehovah witnesses, gypsies, physically and mentally defectives, homosexuals, Africans, and government opponents . As a result, the Nazi government began the Final Solution , a mass genocidal slaughtering . </li></ul>
  18. 23. <ul><li>From the Holocaust , 5.9 million Jews were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>2500 to 5000 Jehovah witnesses were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>5000 to 15,000 homosexuals were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>200,000 to 250,000 disabled people were killed. </li></ul>
  19. 24. A Small Hope, A Large Resistance and revolution <ul><li>From January 18-23 1943, the first street fighting armed resistance was formed in the Warsaw Ghetto under the command of Mordechai Anielewicz . On April 19, a revolt in Warsaw began and from April 19 to May 16, the Ghetto was liquidated . In June German commander Heinrich Himmler liquidated all the ghettos in Russia and Poland . On June 25, another armed resistance was formed in the Czestochova Ghetto . From June to September, underground fighters leave the Vilna Ghetto for the forests. On July 24, a revolt in Italy breaks out , deposing leader Mussolini by Badoglio . More concentration camp revolts were carried out in August, starting with Treblinka on the 2 nd and Biyalstok Ghetto and Krikov Tabour camp on the 16 th . On October 2, 7000 Danish Jews were evacuated to Sweden and only 475 were captured by Germans . On October 14, the resistance in Sobibor was carried out. </li></ul>
  20. 25. The Year of 1944: The Last years of the holocaust In Auschwitz <ul><li>On May 15, 1944, 43,000 Hungarian Jews were deported to Auschwitz . On July 20, rogue Nazi officers aborted the attempt on Hitler ’s life in which their operation had failed. On July 24, Russia liberated the Majdanek concentration camp . On October 7, a Sonderkommando uprising began in Auschwitz and on the 31 st 14,000 Slovakian Jews were transported to the camp as the Holocaust slowly comes to an end. </li></ul>
  21. 26. Hitler’s Death and The Bombing in Japan: The End of the Second World War and the Fall of the Third Reich <ul><li>On January 17, 1945, the evacuation of Auschwitz began, thus beginning the death march as concentration camps were taken apart. As the Allies fought their last days of World War II and as the atomic bombs were dropped in Japan during spring 1945, Hitler committed suicide on April 30, ending the war and genocide . On May 8, Germany surrenders and thus the Third Reich falls . By gathering evidence from the death camps , war-crime trials were held against the Nazis in Nuremburg from November 1945 to October 1946, finally ending twelve years of genocide and six years of war . </li></ul>
  22. 27. Knowing the Holocaust for the Modern Age
  23. 28. The Benefits of Learning the Holocaust <ul><li>People can benefit from learning from the holocaust as they can be aware of the evils lurking in the world and learn from Hitler’s mistakes. Nevertheless, learning from people’s mistakes throughout history is easy, but to avoid making new or the same mistakes isn’t. However as the years pass, there may be solution to all of mankind’s mistakes such as war, depression and genocide. </li></ul>
  24. 29. The Importance of having freedom of religion <ul><li>The holocaust unfortunately abused the freedom of religion, killing non-Christians with the exception of Jehovah witness. People must understand that the world has vast cultures and religions with their own different and unique customs and to accept one another. Otherwise the same countries will be warring against each other. As John F. Kennedy would say, “Mankind must put an end to war or else war will put an end to mankind.” </li></ul>
  25. 30. The Words of Edmund Burke: How They Affect Us Today <ul><li>The quote “All that is necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing” from Edmund Burke earlier in this presentation applied to the Holocaust as if inmates or the Allied soldiers were to do nothing and surrender, Hitler and the Nazis would take over the world. The result would be a living hell. As in the modern day, society must not let poverty affect people in the worldwide recession as poverty is a breeding ground for crime as well as desperation and opposition as it seems the Taliban are disrupting the peace in the Middle East to get what they want, opposing and resisting the ideals of western society. However it is mankind’s choice to face the darkness or let the darkness consume them. </li></ul>
  26. 31. Personal Impact <ul><li>“ Even before studying this topic, I was already aware of such evils in the world. However, the impact was, of course, disturbing and also the fact most of the world was at war, but out of that disturbing atmosphere, I noticed hope such as the resistances in the death camps and ghettos. The inmates and Allies must have realized that they must take down Hitler before there was no hope left. Despite the horrors of war and genocide there always seems to be hope and inspiration. As with George Washington I wish that death, poverty, and war could be banished from the earth.”- Phillip Stevens </li></ul>
  27. 32. Remembering the nightmare the holocaust
  28. 33. Remembering the Nightmare: The Holocaust <ul><li>Created by Phillip Stevens as an ELA B10.1 project. </li></ul><ul><li>Written, planned, animated, edited and music selected by Phillip Stevens. </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>These following sources were used: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>All images used were provided by Google. </li></ul><ul><li>Music was selected by YouTube and converted into audio files by Zamzar which include: </li></ul><ul><li>Operation Market Garden from the Medal of Honor Frontline Soundtrack </li></ul><ul><li>Kleveburg from the Medal of Honor Frontline Soundtrack </li></ul>
  29. 34. <ul><li>Songless Nightingale from the Medal of Honor Frontline Soundtrack </li></ul><ul><li>Call of Duty 4 Main Theme from the Call of Duty : Modern Warfare </li></ul><ul><li>soundtrack </li></ul><ul><li>Call of Duty World at War Main Theme Brave Soldier from the Call of Duty World at War soundtrack </li></ul><ul><li>Special Thanks </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>Zamzar </li></ul><ul><li>Google </li></ul><ul><li>And the people who watched this presentation. </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You. </li></ul>
  30. 35. The End An ELA B10 Presentation