Ho D


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Ho D

  1. 1. Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness Critical Analysis
  2. 2. Michael Levenson <ul><li>The Value of Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The growth and changing of Heart of Darkness </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Value of Facts <ul><li>“A penetrating and illuminating discussion of aspects of Heart of Darkness which extend conceptually beyond the scope of my present essay should be warmly recommended.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Start of Heart of Darkness <ul><li>Originally was suppose to be an independent interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Conrad wrote it while he was discovering the subject of the story. </li></ul><ul><li>It wasn’t done to record the action. As it was being written he started to learn the action. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Blackwood’s Magazine 31 December 1898 <ul><li>Conrad stated that Heart of Darkness was: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Far advanced” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“The narrative is not gloomy” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“A narrative after the manner of Youth ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He originally wrote it as a short story for the magazine. </li></ul><ul><li>The first installment was finished by itself before the other two installments were written. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Original Mindset <ul><li>Criminality of inefficiency and pure selfishness is justifiable in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>He believes it to be “of our time distinctly” </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Story Put Off <ul><li>Due to family illnesses the story’s writing was delayed for a time. </li></ul><ul><li>This added to the revision of it in the end. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ending of Part One <ul><li>Mainly focused on political questions and stayed close to historical facts. </li></ul><ul><li>Kurtz was never originally mentioned. </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on the first manager as the source of problems. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Start of Kurtz <ul><li>After writing part one, Conrad met a trader in the Congo </li></ul><ul><li>His name was Klein and the meeting remains obscure </li></ul><ul><li>But it is apparent that this meeting was the start of Kurtz </li></ul>
  10. 10. Marlow’s Soliloquy <ul><li>This is when Conrad started to add in Kurtz as a character. </li></ul><ul><li>Marlow talks about the different devils of violence, greed, and hot desire. </li></ul><ul><li>Which was supposed to be based on Kurtz but he splits Kurtz and the manager into two separate entities. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Second Installment <ul><li>The second part was then started after his conception of Kurtz. </li></ul><ul><li>Conrad experience a turn in his conception of the tale. </li></ul><ul><li>It was originally started as a story of 20,000 words but grew to almost twice that length. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Conrad’s Final Production <ul><li>Conrad gave us the final installment that we have today. </li></ul><ul><li>Which focused upon his view of imperialism. </li></ul><ul><li>Which was an affair of inefficient clerks, disaffected functionaries, envious subordinates and defensive superiors. </li></ul><ul><li>Overall change from the beginning. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Max Weber <ul><li>Weber helps to illuminate Conrad as Conrad helps illuminate him. </li></ul><ul><li>Weber and Conrad came to a close moral standard of values. </li></ul><ul><li>They were close contemporaries. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mirrored Mindsets <ul><li>Bureaucracy in their minds was viewed as the representation of modern age. </li></ul><ul><li>Webber said bureaucracy transformed social action into rationally organized action. </li></ul><ul><li>Which makes the individual a small cog in a moving mechanism. </li></ul><ul><li>Conrad believed the same things at the end of his writing. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Conrad’s Growth <ul><li>As he adds Kurtz into the story, his view on bureaucracy forms. </li></ul><ul><li>Kurtz and the tribe shows the failings of bureaucracy and shows the inefficiency of it. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Kurtz vs. Manager <ul><li>This is the epitome of Conrad’s and Weber’s beliefs. </li></ul><ul><li>The manager represents the bureaucracy and the inefficiency of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Kurtz and the tribe show the way that control is more efficient. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Death of Kurtz <ul><li>Conrad uses two main facts in the death of Kurtz. </li></ul><ul><li>First is the surge of instincts that routes social values. </li></ul><ul><li>Second is the failure of the values themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Kurtz’s lack of restraint is shown and supports the motif of the story. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Conclusion… <ul><li>After analyzing the essay, we believe that it represents how Conrad started it just as a short story but he turned it into something much much more as he learned more facts. </li></ul>