This is a great time for Community enterpriseWildpoldersheid in Germany produces 321% more energy than it uses and exports 4million Euros of green power to the grid.They have wind farms, solar, 2 biogasplants …. There are 160 neighbourhood co-ops set up in the UK to keep village shops, nurseries and pubs open. There are over 40 energy co- ops set up to generate renewable energy from wind, solar or hydro projects. Ovesco raised £ 400,000 for community solar in Lewes 1
Compact town-scale biogas plants make good senseThere are 7000 such plants in Germany and only 70 in the UK. A successful modelneeds support from the business community, residents and local farmers who will take the fertiliser produced. Energise Sussex Coast Ltd has submitted an application for pre-planning funding to the Community Generation Fund. Biogas plants and district heating 2
East Sussex could support 3-4 biogas Key Gas to bio-methane sites treating 70,000 – 100,000 tonnes Gas to grid of commercial bio-wastes (estimate) We are Gas to local CHP looking at all the options – Hastings is likely to be the first (possibly the first in the UK) Isfield MountfieldLewes, Ham Lane Rye Hastings Eastbourne Beddingham 3
How are we doing? If we can raise £ 75 k for pre-planning costs (community engagement, surveys, planningnsultant) we hope to apply for planning this summer We are confident that we can source 8000-10000 tonnes of commercial and catering food waste e are looking for social funders who will see this notonly as an beneficial investment but as a key model for other communities to pursue. 4
This is what a standard plant would look like if made fromconcrete (cheaper than steel). Note the figure in the bottomright hand corner for scale 5
Hastings site: we need around 3000 m2 To treat 12,000 tonnes per annum (Tpa) would require 24-30 vehicle deliveries per weekWe don’t need to take garden and landscape waste if we can source enough food waste. The bestuse of the heat would be if we could supply heat and power to EMMAUS and SAINSBURY – we areworking on this. Local restaurants, pubs, butchers, farm produce wholesalers we have talked towould love to supply us – they are paying up to £ 26 for a single wheelie bin collection. A localcollection could save them money and turn their waste into energy. They could be shareholders in 6the project.
Food waste will come in tankersor sealed vehicles and all thetipping and processing willhappen inside the building. Thiswill be sealed, have negativepressure and a bio-filtrationplant will absorb odours.Neighbours will not be able tosee, hear or smell theplant.The plant will have a de-packaging unit as supermarketswill not de-package their waste.One supermarket producesaround 2 Tonnes of food wasteper week.It is essential that we find localusers of the digestate – farms,woodland managers, marketgardens. This is slowing downthe uptake of AD plants in theUK 8
6ESCC planners advised that we would not need an EIA for this site but that bat or lizard and slow-worm surveys might be required. We are proposing a solar roof for the Reception Hall. We need tocombine a planning application with a full community consultation. 9
This is in the middle of a Swiss town, 15 metresfrom housing. It supplies a district heating system. 10
Electricity is fed to the grid (or local users) heat can be used locally or to dry wood. TheCHP runs 24/7 so maintaining it is expensive. Germany has 7000 of these plants (the UK 70) 11
If we built one what would we get from 10,000 tonnes of food waste?ELECTRICITY 2.98 Gigawatt hours (Gwh) = 2,975 million Kwh (around 850 homes)HEATOver 3 Gwh (we can use the heat locally or to dry wood for biomassheating or supply hot water to neighbouring sites)Nearly 9,000 tonnes of very useful fertiliser 12
We are working with a company that designed a new type of food waste bin for homes and businesses. It does not smell! One of the big 5 waste companies is now researching this with two Universities. What this means is that food waste (including pet litter) need only be collected every two weeks. What’s more, the weight goes down by 8%. Waste contractors and Local Authorities would save money. So would businesses. And if you segregate food into one bin the other will be mostly dry recyclables. So recycling rates increase dramatically. Two bins are all that are necessary. 35 litre Aerobic Bin with lockable handle 1380 litre wheeled Aerobic Bin.
If the Hastings biogas plant is operational by mid to late 2013 it is likely to be one of the first of its kind, demonstrating that “waste” can be turned into a renewable energy resource that benefits the community and the environment.Biogas plants are more complex and have Every town could have onemore risks than wind turbines, solar roofs orhydro-power stations.On the other hand theyproduce energy 24/7 and neatly demonstrate aclosed loop process.If we asked the community to invest we areonly likely to raise a tiny % of the capital costof the plant (bear in mind we are not thatfamiliar with this technology in the UK).For a farm-based anaerobic digester that doesnot treat food waste this would be a good idea– they need only cost £ 500 k compared to £ 5mil.In our model the Hastings Energy Co. wouldown the waste treatment plant (the anaerobicdigester) and a community energy co-op -Energise Sussex Coast – would own the energygeneration (the CHP plant). This can support arange of other community projects… 14
ENERGISE SUSSEX COASTour renewable energy co-op We are registering as an Industrial Provident Society for the benefit of the community – an IPS Ben Com The BIG issue we aim to tackle in the region is fuel poverty in urban and rural communities 15
A local biogas plant can contribute in several ways – apart from all itsobvious environmental benefits•A green utility company interested in funding the plant and purchasing its “green” electricity canoffer a “community tariff” to 250 vulnerable homes (saving each home up to £ 200 a year inelectricity bills)•In 2013 the local authority can retain the business rates for community benefit. This couldcontribute £ 50,000 p.a to the community• Energise Sussex Coast will use its annual profits from the CHP plant to invest directly into energyimprovements for vulnerable households•The plant can provide training opportunities in green technologies and green 16collar jobs (in food waste collections and distribution of the by-products)
Revenue streams GATE FEES (commercial food waste)Waste Co.partners Proposed Hastings model £££ Hastings and Bexhill Biogas co Signs 30 year lease for site Biogas plant/waste treatment £££ Builds, owns and operates Own waste plant collection £££ service CHP plant/energy generation Electricity buys tariff biogas FIT Heat Sales to local £££ Energise Sussex Coast IPS Tariff users Builds, owns and operates RHI CHP plant SALES TO 17 GRID