Period 7 group 2


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King Solomon and the Division of the Kingdom

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Period 7 group 2

  1. 1. King Solomon<br />By: Frankie Garafolo, Ted Vu, Darby Hill, Katie Kelly, Noelle LaRosa, and Lindsay Dowrick<br />
  2. 2. Passing the Torch to Solomon<br />As the first Book of Kings opens, David is close to death. Adonijah, his eldest son, wants to take over the throne.<br />Nathan the prophet manages to have David promise the throne to Solomon who is David’s son by Bathsheba. <br />Solomon kills several of his father’s enemies to assure himself total control of the kingdom.<br />
  3. 3. Solomon Asks for Wisdom<br />To build an alliance with Egypt, Solomon marries the daughter of an Egyptian pharaoh.<br />Solomon also worships at one of the “high places”, meaning an outdoor sanctuary.<br />The high places and Solomon’s marriage hints at evil things to come.<br />God promises Solomon not only the wisdom to judge rightly but riches, glory, and long life as well, if he is faithful.<br />
  4. 4. Solomon’s Judgment<br />Two prostitutes to Solomon and one of them has a baby with them. <br />The one without the child claims that each of them bore a child and that the other woman smothered hers in her sleep, and then exchanged the dead infant for the live one and now claims him.<br />The woman with the child denies this.<br />
  5. 5. (Continued)<br />Solomon then suggests that the child be divided in two with a sword.<br />The true mother cries out that the child should live and she gives up her claim to him.<br />Solomon gives the child to that woman because she revealed her motherhood in her desire to save the child’s life.<br />
  6. 6. Solomon’s Oppressive System<br />Ignoring tribal boundaries, Solomon divides the land into twelve new districts and appoints an officer for each region.<br />He then forms an elite group of administrators and introduces forced labor and taxation to provide supplies for the palace and for government officials.<br />Solomon’s glory was built on income raised by oppressing his people.<br />
  7. 7. Solomon’s Wisdom<br />Solomon’s reputation grows until all the kings of the Earth know of his wisdom. <br />Solomon utters three thousand proverbs, writes one thousand five songs, and discusses a variety of topics.<br />
  8. 8. The Temple as God’s House<br />Solomon is now ready to build a Temple in Jerusalem. He asks a Phoenician king for materials and architects.<br />Since Israel has never built a temple, a Canaanite model is used.<br />Solomon conscripts thirty thousand workers from his own people in addition to foreign labor.<br />He also builds a royal palace and he builds cities for his supplies, chariots, and horses.<br />
  9. 9. (Continued)<br />God agrees to be present in the Temple, adding that if Solomon observes the Law and carries it out, Israel will not be forsaken.<br />When the Temple is dedicated, God adds a warning to Solomon: If Solomon and his descendants forsake the Covenant, the Temple will become a heap of ruins.<br />
  10. 10. A High Point<br />Israel’s Temple, which enthrones the ark of the Covenant and centralizes worship, becomes a source of pride and joy.<br />With the growing of Solomon’s reign comes oppression that the people have never known before.<br />
  11. 11. The Queen of Sheba<br />Solomon is visited by the queen of Sheba, seeking to discover if he is as wise as reputed.<br />The queen asks Solomon some questions, probably traditional riddles. <br />Observing his wisdom and his health, the queen is breathless over Solomon.<br />She has never met as wise of a person as Solomon.<br />
  12. 12. The Sins of Solomon<br />As Solomon adds to his wealth, his love for God diminishes.<br />He tolerates shrines where his pagan wives offer sacrifice, and even joins in worshipping their gods. Overtime, Solomon prefers strange gods to the one God.<br />God says that Solomon’s line will lose the throne and all the tribes but Judah.<br />By now, Solomon’s failure is a foregone conclusion.<br />
  13. 13. Trouble Brewing as Solomon’s Reign Ends<br />After forty years of harsh rule, the discontent of Solomon’s people lures his enemies back from exile to harass him.<br />One of these, Jeroboam, is chief of the labor force fortifying the Jerusalem walls. Jeroboam leaves Jerusalem to go north and he meets a prophet, who tears his cloak into 12 pieces, one for each tribe.<br />The prophet gives 10 of them to Jeroboam and tells him God promises him the throne of Israel in the north if he follows God’s ways.<br />
  14. 14. (Continued)<br />The prophet says that one tribe will go to a son of Solomon, so that David’s line would be able to continue in Jerusalem.<br />Solomon then orders Jeroboam killed, but he escapes to Egypt to await Solomon’s death.<br />When at last Solomon dies, the golden age of Israel comes to an end.<br />
  15. 15. An Inheritance of Idolatry<br />In forty years, Solomon has led Israel from a union of tribes under David, loyal to the Covenant, to subjection and near slavery, not t mention the impending breakup of the kingdom.<br />Although Israel is oppressed by taxes and forced labor, idolatry is the worst of the burdens that the nation has inherited from this golden ruler.<br />Israel, whose identity rests on fidelity to God, has been led to worship of false gods.<br />
  16. 16. Nationhood Revisited<br />Why did Israel become a nation? There were many good reasons. The people wanted unity and strong leadership in the face of threats like the Philistines. <br />Nationhood would also make long-term stability and continuity more possible for the Israelites.<br />However, nationhood comes with many evils.<br />
  17. 17. (Continued)<br />Some examples of this are power struggles and betrayals, greed and oppression in the lust for wealth and honor, and the turning away from God, who made the Israelites a people in the first place.<br />It was one thing to sin and then repent, as David had done. It was quite another to harden one’s heart against God, as Solomon did.<br />So the people recognized that the Covenant had been broken not by God but by kings like Solomon and most of the ones after him.<br />
  18. 18. Video<br />Part 1:<br />Part 2:<br />