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The Exile

The Exile

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  • 1. Chapter 8: The Exile
    • By: Kelly Raffaele, Erin King, Pj Quinn, Chris Sutton, Caroline Korz, Anthony Monasterio, Zach Furgerson
  • Toward what fate was Judah Headed?
    1.Judah temple was destroyed +captured by Babylonians
    2. All exiled to Babylon
    3 Main focus ch8-prophets
    • Prophets warned king before exile
    • 2. Prophet job-comfort the affiliated and afflict the comfortable.
  • I. Judah slippery slope: heading for disaster
    Manassen-king of Judah (pagan)abandoned God
    Josiah was his grandson and a great reformer
    a High point on his way downhill
    1. 622 b.c the book of Deuteronomy was found
    2. Josiah led people in a renewal of the covenant
    a. celebrated Passover
    b. destroys pagan alters
    c. executed pagan priest, and temple prostitutes
    d. reclaims Judah’s lost territory
    3. Josiah dies and is succeeded by Judah follower
    a. Jehoiakim was a Judah follower
  • 3. B. Judah leaves a Legacy
    1. During and after exile Deuteronomists rework history.
    2. without deuteronomist we wouldn’t have a bible
    3. prophets – zeohaniah, nahum, habakkuk, Jeremiah
    4. Jeremiah one whose spirit is most apparent
    5. the other books were short
    6. they were considered before Jeremiah
  • 4. C. zephaniah: the remnant
    1. zephaniah’s 3 chapters (“ the day of the lord”)
    a. Time of judgement for judahs enemies and jerusalemnb.
    b. “humble of the land” – remnant – new chosen of god
    2. The humble and lowly
    a. poor – considered out casts
    b. laws unable to be followed by poor
    1.) washing
    2.) contributing money
    3.) offering sacrifices. (couldn’t buy animals)
  • 5. D. Nahum: Nineveh will fall
    1. nahum – prophet, prophesies during Josiah’s reign
    A. nahum – jubilantly looks like Assyria
    2. Assyria will be crushed by Babylon
    a. god uses babylon to pure.
    E. habukkuk: why god why?
    1. habakkuk: a prophet of Jerusalem temple
    a. had a vision in the temple
    b. 3rd chapter is a psalm usually
    c. ch. 1 – he complains to god for punishment
  • 6. For review:
    1. what types of reform does king josiah lead and inspire?
    2. what people does zephaniah say will become Gods remnant, through whom god will build new Israel .
    3. what kind of questioning did the book of habakkuk introduce?
  • 7. Jeremiah persecuted for gods sake
    One of the greatest tragic figured of the bible
    Jermiah -commicated gods message through his words, oracles, and his own life struggles.
    “he walked the walk”
    He longed for a secure normal life with family and friends
    He was despised and persecuted by people he saved
    He loved and served god all his life even while enslavement
    Book of jermiah is a combination of poetry, prose and biographical material
  • 8. A Reliant prophet
    When Jeremiah to called it was a internal experience, profound and frightening
    Jeremiah has two visions
    1.sees a branch of a almond tree symbolizing that god is watching
    2.boiling cauldron tipped on the hearth in the north meaning that will summon the kingdom from the north to be poured over Judah if he doesn’t change
  • 9. Jerusalem Your time is coming
    After king Josiah is killed in a battle with Egypt ,they choose his son Jenoiakim to be king
    Egypt struggles in a battle with Nebuchhazzer for control of the reign
    God warns that Judah and Jerusalem will get the punishment their crimes deserved
    God bids Jeremiah to search the city for “person” z
  • 10. Asking for the consequences
    Jeremiah prophecies were not predictions of what was bound to happen but what could have happened of people and nations continued to he hard hearted
  • 11. Why so smug, Judah
    They had convinced themselves that god would never allow Jerusalem to be overcame by the Assyrian army but a mysterious “angel of the lord” they saw came and told them that god had made a pledge that god would be with David's royal line forever
    God will never permit Jerusalem of the house of David to be destroyed
  • 12. The temple :No Guarantee of Safety
    God tells Jeremiah to preach in the temple
    The priests and court prophets started a riot and called fro Jeremiah death
  • 13. A. A new covenant
    1. The time are bleak for Jeremiah. Yet in such a dark moment, god speaks to him of a great-hope – the future return of the people from exile
  • 14. B. The Second Exile
    1.In 587 B.C, the Babylonians return breach, the cities walls and torch its building. The temple is destroyed, and many people are captured and taken to Babylon
    2. Jeremiah tells them to stay in Jerusalem, but the people refused to listen to him and fled to Egypt
    3. With that Jeremiah disappears
    4. the people thought of Jeremiah as a complete failure and was later dragged off to die
    5. Although the exile turned out to be the time when Judaism as a religion came to birth
    6.The next two books of the old testament, Lamentations and the Baruch connected with Jeremiah in tradition
  • 15. C. Lamentation: Judah Grieves
    1.The book of Lamentations is a collection of 5 hymns of grief composed shortly after the fail of Jerusalem
    2. The first, second and fourth books are about the lost of Jersalem. The third chapter tells about the authors suffering and of the hope of one day god will bring it to an end. The fifth chapter is the voice of the people admitting their gulit
    3. The book of Lamentation helped Judah by giving it away to grieve
  • 16. D. Baurch: keep the faith
    1. the book of Baurch was written by several authors centuries after the exile
    2. Its setting the exile, but it actually meant to nurture the faith of the later Jews of the Dispersion and to encourage them to return home someday
  • 17. E. Ezekiel
    1. Like Jermiah,ezekiel prophesied in Jerusalem in the years before the exile
    2. After Jerusalem fell, Ezekiel was departed to Babylon
    3. He was best know fro his prophesying there, where he inspired hope in the discouraged exiles that all was not over fro Israel
  • 18. Religious renewal
    Babylonians permitted some freedom in economic life, but jews were not allowed to build a temple or practice their religious rituals in any public way.
    Babylonian’s temples were the only ones in town
    Jews carefully preserved the words of the prophets and the sacred writing of the torah.
    People gathered together as families or in community to read scriptures , pray, and chant hymns and psalms
    The exile proved to be a time of great creativity for israel as religion focused on the word of god and the community.
    Less on the place of worship, the temple.
    Tension and compromise.