Period 1 group 4


Published on

The Exile

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Hezekiah's reforms didn’t last long. Manasseh, a terrible king, bowed to pagan gods when the Assyrian Empire took over Judah. He also worshipped pagan shrines and offers his so as a sacrifice to pagan gods. The next king is Josiah, Grandson of Manasseh. Josiah leads the people in renewal of the covenant, Passover, and commences his reforms. First destroys pagan alters, executes pagan priest, and prostitutes. Reclaims land in the north. His son Jehoiakim undoes all the reforms. The deuteronomist start a movement.
  • Zephaniah writing tell about “The day of the lord” a time of judgment for the guilty and unfaithful. The humble of the will become the remnants. The humble were the poor who were considered to be sinners and beyond the reach of God. Nahum writings start around Josiah's reforms. He becomes happy because Babylon is going to take over the Assyrian Empire. Confident Judah is doing well but soon becomes corrupt. Habakkuk prays for the corrupt Judah to be punished. God answers saying Judah will be punished by the Babylonians. Habakkuk from then on praises God and his divine ways.
  • He sees a branch of an olive tree -Symbolizes: God is watching to see if Judah and Jerusalem will change. He also sees a boiling cauldron tipped on a hearth in the north. -Symbolizes: God will summon kingdoms from the north to be poured out over Judah if it does not change. These warnings outraged the people so Jeremiah has to stand fast.
  • Period 1 group 4

    1. 1. The Exile By: Adriana, Jennifer, Alessandra, Adam, Yosef, and Marquis
    2. 2. <ul><li>Israel was defeated by the Assyrians and Babylonians </li></ul><ul><li>Temple was destroyed, citizens were captured to Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Books of Zephaniah, Nahum and Habakkuk talk about a coming time when gods justice is done. </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Lamentations group of 5 poems telling Judah’s grief over the loss of Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>Book of Baruch, in Babylon during the exile was written later when the Jews lived dispersed around the Greek. </li></ul>Toward what fate was Judah headed?
    3. 3. <ul><li>Hezekiah reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Manasseh and Assyrian Empire domination of Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Josiah’s reforms </li></ul><ul><li>-Destroys pagan alters </li></ul><ul><li>-Executes pagan priest and prostitutes </li></ul><ul><li>- reclaims land in the north </li></ul><ul><li>Jehoiakim undoes reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Deuteronomists lead a movement </li></ul>Judah’s Slippery Slope: Heading for Disaster
    4. 4. <ul><li>Zephaniah: The Remnant 360 BC </li></ul><ul><li>-The Day of The Lord </li></ul><ul><li>-The Humble of the Land </li></ul><ul><li>-Poor </li></ul><ul><li>Nahum: Josiah's reign </li></ul><ul><li>- Babylon's defeat over Assyria </li></ul><ul><li>-Confident in Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Habakkuk: 609 to 598 BC </li></ul><ul><li>- Prayers to God for Judah’s punishment </li></ul><ul><li>-Praises God and his divine ways </li></ul>Prophets: Zephaniah, Nahum, and Habakkuk
    5. 5. <ul><li>Born of a priestly family </li></ul><ul><li>Called by God at the age of 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Jeremiah warns Judah and Jerusalem will get punished for their crimes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-People felt since the temple was there they would be protected anyway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-The temple is no guarantee of safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jeremiah warns the listeners in temple </li></ul><ul><li>-He told them that they lacked compassion and show care for your people </li></ul><ul><li>-Outraged the priests start a riot and calls for Jeremiahs death </li></ul>Jeremiah
    6. 6. <ul><ul><li>He sees a branch of an olive tree. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Symbolizes: God is watching to see if Judah and Jerusalem will change. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He also sees a boiling cauldron tipped on a hearth in the north. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Symbolizes: God will summon kingdoms from the north to be poured out over Judah if it does not change. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These warnings outraged the people so Jeremiah has to stand fast. </li></ul></ul>Jeremiah’s Visions
    7. 7. <ul><li>Ezekiel was one of deported to Babylon after Jerusalem fell. </li></ul><ul><li>Best known for his prophesying </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired hope in discouraged exiles that is was not over for Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>He sent messages in vivid, unsettling ways. </li></ul><ul><li>His life as a prophecy began with a strange vision. </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel doesn’t live to see the new Jerusalem because he dies in Exile. </li></ul>Ezekiel: From Hearts of Stone to Hearts of Flesh
    8. 8. <ul><li>A chariot drawn by four winged creatures each with four faces: an ox, a lion, an eagle, and a man. On the thrown above was a bright light resembling a man which appears to be a likeness of God. </li></ul><ul><li>A voice tells Ezekiel to tell the people how the Lord was displeased with them . </li></ul><ul><li>Ezekiel is warned that the people are going to be stubborn so he needs to talk to them through actions not words. </li></ul><ul><li>When he tries to convince the people that Jerusalem will not be saved and last a long time this is when his role with the people changed he was now looked at as a teacher, counselor, and a inspirer to the people in Exile. </li></ul>Ezekiel’s Vision
    9. 9. <ul><li>Second Isaiah lived during the end of the exile, he was the author of 40 chapters to 55 of the book of Isaiah. </li></ul><ul><li>Second Isaiah had a challenge to raise the hopes of the people for the day when they would make the return to Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>In 538 Cyrus, king of Persia set all the exiles free. </li></ul><ul><li>The book of Consolation is chapters that are full of expectation of the return to Jerusalem of the Promised one, the messiah. </li></ul>Second Isaiah; toward Joyous Return
    10. 10. <ul><li>In Second Isaiah God offers comfort and shows the exiles that the way home will be made ready for them. </li></ul><ul><li>There appears a mysterious suffering servant in the Second Isaiah which is a innocent man who suffers greed not as a punishment for his own sins but to save others from theirs. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians have always seen the suffering servant as a image of Christ. </li></ul>Second Isaiah; toward Joyous Return Continued.
    11. 11. <ul><li>Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the Second Isaiah guide Israel through purification during exile. </li></ul><ul><li>Jeremiah and Ezekiel saw the covenant made for Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end of Exile few Jews returned to Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>Center of Jewish faith was in their scriptures and their distinctive properties. </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism now had many lands such as Israel and Jerusalem </li></ul>The Fruits of Exile