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Chapter 5 section 3 (two party system in american history)
 

Chapter 5 section 3 (two party system in american history)

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    Chapter 5 section 3 (two party system in american history) Chapter 5 section 3 (two party system in american history) Presentation Transcript

    • Two Party System in American History Chapter 5 Section 3
    • Four Major Eras
      • Era of the Democrats: 1800-1860 (13 of 15)
      • Era of the Republicans: 1860-1932 (14 of 18)
      • Return of the Democrats: 1932-1968 (7 of 9)
      • Modern Era: 1968-Present (Divided government)
        • 1969-1974: Republicans
        • 1975-1980: Democrat
        • 1981-1992: Republican
        • 1993-2000: Democrat
        • 2001-2008: Republican
    • Early Parties
      • Federalists (Led by A. Hamilton)
      • Anti-Federalists (Led by Jefferson)
        • Later called “Democratic-Republicans”
        • Became “Democratic Party” in 1828
      • Election of 1796
        • John Adams (Federalist) defeats Jefferson by 3 electoral college votes
        • Jefferson & Madison rebuild Democratic-Republican Party; defeat incumbent Adams in 1800
    • Era of the Democrats
      • Democratic party dominated until the Civil War
      • Federalist party goes bust in 1816
      • “ Era of Good Feeling”
      • Party split into factions during 1820s
      • Andrew Jackson’s coalition
        • South & West
        • Small farmers, debtors, pioneers, & slaveholders
      • Whig party rose in opposition to Jackson
        • Led by Henry Clay, Daniel Webster
        • Coalition of bankers, merchants, & industrialists, large plantation owners
        • North & East
    • Harrison Taylor Whig Presidents
    • Era of the Republicans
      • 1850s- Parties divided by slavery
      • Republican party founded in 1854; ran first presidential candidate in 1856.
        • Elected first president in 1860 (Lincoln)
      • Republicans dominate presidency for 75 years
      • Coalition of businessmen, farmers, and newly freed African Americans
      • Election of 1896
        • Republicans regain presidency after loss in 1892
        • After big loss, Democrats begin positioning themselves as champions of the “little man.”
    • Era of the Republicans
    • Election of 1912
      • Republicans renominated incumbent Prez Taft
      • Former prez & former Republican Teddy Roosevelt form Progressive Party
      • Republicans divided; Dem Woodrow Wilson wins presidency
    • Return of the Democrats
      • 1932- Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected promising to help Americans through Great Depression
        • “ New Deal Coalition” - southerners, small farmers, organized labor, big-city political machines, white ethnics
        • Re-elected 3 times by large margins
        • VP Truman succeeded FDR
      • Republican Eisenhower wins in 1952
      • Kennedy (1960-1963) and Johnson (1964-1968)
    • Return of the Democrats
    • A New Era
      • Election of 1968- Democratic Party torn apart by Vietnam War & civil rights
        • Republican Nixon defeats Dem Hubert Humphrey
        • Democrats lose hold on South
      • Nixon reelected in 1972, forced to resign in 1974
      • 1976- Jimmy Carter elected
      • 1980- Ronald Reagan elected—New Republican era?
      • 1992- Maybe not—Dem Bill Clinton elected
    • The New Era