Chapter 5 section 3 (two party system in american history)

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Chapter 5 section 3 (two party system in american history)

  1. 1. Two Party System in American History Chapter 5 Section 3
  2. 2. Four Major Eras <ul><li>Era of the Democrats: 1800-1860 (13 of 15) </li></ul><ul><li>Era of the Republicans: 1860-1932 (14 of 18) </li></ul><ul><li>Return of the Democrats: 1932-1968 (7 of 9) </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Era: 1968-Present (Divided government) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1969-1974: Republicans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1975-1980: Democrat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1981-1992: Republican </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1993-2000: Democrat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2001-2008: Republican </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Early Parties <ul><li>Federalists (Led by A. Hamilton) </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Federalists (Led by Jefferson) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Later called “Democratic-Republicans” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Became “Democratic Party” in 1828 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Election of 1796 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Adams (Federalist) defeats Jefferson by 3 electoral college votes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jefferson & Madison rebuild Democratic-Republican Party; defeat incumbent Adams in 1800 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Era of the Democrats <ul><li>Democratic party dominated until the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Federalist party goes bust in 1816 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Era of Good Feeling” </li></ul><ul><li>Party split into factions during 1820s </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson’s coalition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South & West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small farmers, debtors, pioneers, & slaveholders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Whig party rose in opposition to Jackson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Led by Henry Clay, Daniel Webster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coalition of bankers, merchants, & industrialists, large plantation owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North & East </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Harrison Taylor Whig Presidents
  6. 6. Era of the Republicans <ul><li>1850s- Parties divided by slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Republican party founded in 1854; ran first presidential candidate in 1856. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected first president in 1860 (Lincoln) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republicans dominate presidency for 75 years </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition of businessmen, farmers, and newly freed African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Election of 1896 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republicans regain presidency after loss in 1892 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After big loss, Democrats begin positioning themselves as champions of the “little man.” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Era of the Republicans
  8. 8. Election of 1912 <ul><li>Republicans renominated incumbent Prez Taft </li></ul><ul><li>Former prez & former Republican Teddy Roosevelt form Progressive Party </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans divided; Dem Woodrow Wilson wins presidency </li></ul>
  9. 9. Return of the Democrats <ul><li>1932- Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected promising to help Americans through Great Depression </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ New Deal Coalition” - southerners, small farmers, organized labor, big-city political machines, white ethnics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-elected 3 times by large margins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VP Truman succeeded FDR </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Republican Eisenhower wins in 1952 </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy (1960-1963) and Johnson (1964-1968) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Return of the Democrats
  11. 11. A New Era <ul><li>Election of 1968- Democratic Party torn apart by Vietnam War & civil rights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Republican Nixon defeats Dem Hubert Humphrey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Democrats lose hold on South </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nixon reelected in 1972, forced to resign in 1974 </li></ul><ul><li>1976- Jimmy Carter elected </li></ul><ul><li>1980- Ronald Reagan elected—New Republican era? </li></ul><ul><li>1992- Maybe not—Dem Bill Clinton elected </li></ul>
  12. 12. The New Era

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