Chapter 15 section 4 (independent agencies)

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Chapter 15 section 4 (independent agencies)

  1. 1. Independent Agencies Chapter 15 Section 5
  2. 2. What are they? <ul><li>Created by Congress to address issues outside the realm of the Executive (Cabinet) Departments </li></ul><ul><li>There’s 150 of them </li></ul><ul><li>3 Types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Executive Agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Regulatory Commissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government Corporations </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Independent Executive Agencies <ul><li>Organized much like cabinet departments—but don’t have cabinet status. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>General Services Administration Environmental Protection Agency National Aeronautics Space Administration
  4. 4. Independent Executive Agencies (Cont.) <ul><li>General Services Agency (GSA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Housekeeping” Agency; construction, maintenance, supplies, property management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Civil Rights Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Elections Commission (FEC) </li></ul><ul><li>Peace Corps </li></ul><ul><li>American Battle Monuments Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Migratory Birds Conservation Commission </li></ul>
  5. 5. Independent Regulatory Commissions <ul><li>Beyond reach of Presidential control </li></ul><ul><li>Each headed by board of 7 appointed by president with Senate approval. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be bipartisan </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial powers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Security and Exchange Commission (SEC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal Communications Commission (FCC) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Government Corporations <ul><li>Operate within the executive branch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject to President’s direction and control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First was National Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Set up by Congress to carry out business-like activities and provide services </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul>

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