Chapter 1 Section 2 (Forms Of Government)

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Chapter 1 Section 2 (Forms Of Government)

  1. 1. Forms of Government Chapter 1 Section 2
  2. 2. How governments are classified: <ul><li>Who can participate? </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic distribution of power </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between legislative and executive branches </li></ul>
  3. 3. Democracy <ul><li>“of the people, by the people, for the people.” –Abe Lincoln </li></ul><ul><li>Authority rests with the people </li></ul><ul><li>Direct or Indirect </li></ul>
  4. 4. Dictatorship <ul><li>Leaders not accountable to the people </li></ul><ul><li>Autocracy- one ruler </li></ul><ul><li>Oligarchy- rule by small group of elites </li></ul><ul><li>Authoritarian- unchallengeable authority </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian- Complete power over every aspect of life (Think Nazi Germany, Facist Italy, Communist Soviet Union) </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a “facade” of freedom </li></ul>
  5. 5. Unitary Government <ul><li>Centralized authority- all powers held by a single agency </li></ul><ul><li>Local governments only have powers granted to them by the central government </li></ul><ul><li>Great Britain’s Parliament </li></ul>
  6. 6. Federal Government <ul><li>Powers divided between central government and local ones </li></ul><ul><li>Division of powers ensured by a superior authority, i.e. a constitution </li></ul><ul><li>United States </li></ul>
  7. 7. Confederate Government <ul><li>Alliance of independent states </li></ul><ul><li>Power of the central government is given to them by the member states </li></ul><ul><li>United States under the Articles of Confederation </li></ul><ul><li>European Union </li></ul>
  8. 8. Presidential Government <ul><li>Executive and Legislative branches are separate </li></ul><ul><li>Invented by the United States </li></ul>
  9. 9. Parliamentary Government <ul><li>Executive is chosen by the legislative branch from the legislative branch. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually the leader of the majority party </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Executive (usually called the Prime Minister) remains in power as long as he has the support of the majority of the Parliament. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote of No Confidence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New elections </li></ul></ul>

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