Ethiopia By Jamie Vice, Ashleigh Sanders, and Rachel Kenderdine 3rd Hour
Ethiopian Facts Ethiopia is located in the non-coastal part of the horn of Africa. The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa GDP per capita was $1000 in 2010.
Colonial History in Ethiopia Oldest independent country in Africa and one of the oldest in Africa (Lucy, oldest found skeleton @ 3.2 million years old, discovered there in 1974) Portugal established contact in 1500’s to strengthen control over Indian Ocean region and to convert the peoples of Ethiopia to Roman Catholicism, but this resulted in roughly a hundred years of religious warfare During the 1700’s (The Era of the Princes), there was no central power in Ethiopia due to competition between local rulers The Emperor Yohannesbuilt upon the efforts of Tewodros in 1869 (brought Princes together), stopped invasions The Emperor Menelik II (1889-1913) also fought off invasions, and in 1896 Ethiopia defeated Italy at the Battle of Adwa In 1936, in the rule of RasTafariMakonnen, Italian forces invaded Ethiopia and five years later the British defeated the Italians, removing them from Ethiopia and returning RasTafari to the throne Derg (committee) started in 1974, a socialist government with Major MengistuHaileMariam in power in a totalitarian government which ended 17 yrs. Later Established Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front in 1989, returning Addis Ababa to the people, forming the Transitional Gov’t of Ethiopia in 1991 Adopted constitution for Federal Democratic Republic in 1994 and first parliamentary elections were held in 1995, with government being installed in August of 1995