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Context clues


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  • 1. xt C luesC onte
  • 2. The Context Clues Riddle Game Read each sentence silently. Think about what the highlighted wordmeans, and the type of context clue youused to arrive at your answer. You do not have to write anything down. You will have thirty seconds to answer each riddle.
  • 3. Riddle Number 1 Since it was raining outside, I used mybumbershoot to keep from getting wet.
  • 4. Riddle Number 1: Answer A bumbershoot is an umbrella. Context clue: inference
  • 5. Riddle Number 2Unlike Kyle, who is a conformer and afollower, Jeremy is a maverick.
  • 6. Riddle Number 2: Answer A maverick is a loner, someone who is independent of the group. Context clue: antonym or contrast
  • 7. Riddle Number 3The ranivorous hawk, ananimal that eats frogs, is found in central and eastern Africa.
  • 8. Riddle Number 3: Answer Ranivorous means frog-eating. Context clue: definition
  • 9. Riddle Number 4In class, Julia was socantankerous that her grumpy behavior negatively af fected everyone.
  • 10. Riddle Number 4: Answer Cantankerous meansgrouchy, or ill-tempered. Context clue: synonym or restatement
  • 11. Review! ext C lueAC ont
  • 12. Why are context clues important?They help us define unfamiliar, dif ficult words in texts. They help us to become better, perceptive readers.They come in handy during tests when adictionary or the internet is not available to us.
  • 13. Where are context clues found?In the same sentence as the dif ficult, unfamiliar word.In the same paragraph or passage asthe unknown word. Context clues can be in the sentences following the word, for example. They are called context clues, because they are found in the“context” of the sentence or passage.
  • 14. Context Clue Number 1: DefinitionThe unfamiliar word is directlydefined in the sentence in which itappears.Definitions are usually set of f bycommas or dashes, and mayinclude the use of the words, as, or,that is, and in other words .Example: Apples, red fruits that
  • 15. Context Clue Number 2: Antonym or Contrast The unfamiliar word is defined by using the word’s opposite or contrasting meaning.This type of context clue usually includes the words: whereas, unlike, as opposed to, however, in contrast to, but, on the other hand.Example: Unlike Jen, who was easygoing , Jackie was fastidious.
  • 16. Context Clue Number 3:Synonym or Restatement Words with similar meanings areused within the same sentence, or around the unfamiliar word Example: Santa Clause was soportly that his doctor declared him overweight.
  • 17. Context Clue Number 4: InferenceWord meanings are not directly stated in the text, but definitions of unfamiliar words can be assumed by both priorknowledge and the context in which the word sits. Example: She was so famished that people felt sorry for her, and gave her food to eat.
  • 18. Hey, Context Clue! I remember you!By using the acronym, SAID, you canremember the four types of context clues.SynonymAntonymInferenceDefinition