“ Brainstorming” means thinking of as many ideas as possible in a short amount of time.
Write down your ideas so that you don’t forget them.
Write down everything that comes to your mind; don’t worry about sorting out “good” and “bad” ideas.
Don’t worry about spelling or grammar.
Brainstorming Clustering 1. Start with the main topic of your essay. Write that word in the center of your paper. 2. Write down any sub-topics that are connected to that main topic. Draw arrows to the sub-topics from the main topic. Listing Freewriting San Francisco Chinatown Fisherman’s Wharf Golden Gate Bridge Alcatraz Museums Transportation
Brainstorming Clustering 3. If you have new ideas, connect those words to the appropriate sub-topic. Listing Freewriting San Francisco Chinatown Fisherman’s Wharf Alcatraz Museums Transportation Golden Gate Bridge American Legion Modern Art Museum Asian Art Museum Clam Chowder Ships boats Cable Car Bus BART Restaurants Stores Theaters Old Military Prison Civilian Prison 1934-1963 Famous Prisoners Completed 1937 Scenic View
Clustering Example #1 Listing Freewriting Favorite Room Quiet Bedroom Big Closet Comfortable Furniture Windows Sunny View of Sky View of Trees Soft Bed Rocking Chair Yellow Good-Sized
Clustering Example #2 Listing Freewriting My Mother Liked Sports Very Religious A Leader Intelligent Hard Worker Housewife Waitress Cleaned Houses Read many books Had many different interests Went to church Taught Sunday School Gave to charity After-School Club Coordinator President of PTA Volleyball Soccer
Brainstorming Listing 1. Start with the main topic of your essay. Write that word or words at the top of your paper. Why I Want to Become a Nurse
Freewriting 2. Write down any word or phrase that might relate to your main topic underneath. Don’t worry about spelling or grammar. Your goal is to write down as many ideas as quickly as possible.
Brainstorming Listing Why I Want to Become a Nurse Like science Like problem solving Many jobs available in nursing Good salary Like working in a hospital Want to help other people Challenging job Opportunities for promotion Interested in study of diseases Interested in study of human body Flexible hours Will always learn something new
Listing Example #1 How to be a Successful Language Learner
Practice speaking with others
Guess at the meanings of words
Listen to radio or TV
Set reasonable goals
Don’t be afraid to experiment
Study vocabulary in related topics
Ask others to correct you
Look for patterns in your errors
Organize your study time
Use special techniques to remember new words
Ask for help when you don’t understand
Review material regularly
Use a dictionary
Choose a good textbook
Listing Example #2 Cambodia
Major Cities: Battambang, Phnom Penh
Borders Vietnam, Laos, Thailand
Mekong and Tonle Sap Rivers
Once a French colony
Tuol Sleng Prison
Agriculture: rice, rubber, fish, timber
Cambodian writing: originally from India
Pol Pot/Khmer Rouge
Weather: hot and rainy
Minority Groups: Cham, Pear, Brao
Brainstorming Charting 1.Sometimes you will want to organize your ideas for writing in a chart. 2.Charting works very well for comparison/ contrast writing or examining advantages and disadvantages. 3.You can use many different kinds of charts, depending on your topic and the kind of writing you are doing. Listing
Charting -Using Venn Diagram
A Venn diagram is a great tool for creating a comparison between two or more objects, events, or people.
Simply draw two (or three) large circles and give each circle a title, reflecting each person or object you are comparing.
Inside the intersection of the two circles (overlapping area) write all the traits that the objects have in common.
In the areas outside the overlapping section you will write all of the traits that are specific to that particular object or person.