Exhibits: Magazine adimages: RepresentationsCategories: each table: 1) femininity 2)masculinity, 3) class, 4), age, 5)vaca...
Representation as Re-presentMedia do not simply reflect/mirror “reality”Media create or re-present a new reality “Reality”...
Stereotyping: Fixes/limitsMeaning (Hall)Stereotypes limits meanings assigned to groups  Shapes perceptions of that group  ...
Problem of EssentializingGroupsEssentializing differences in terms ofgender, class, and race reflectsstereotypes  “Boys al...
Gender as Performance vs. EssentialistCategories Problem of essentializing “male” versus “females” as biological concepts ...
Construction of Masculinity1780-1850: middle-class socialpracticesSeparation of work and “home” asdistinct gendered realms...
Representations of Race Power of white hegemony infilm/media  Predominating control/portrayal of  whites  People of color ...
Representations of “theOther”Representations of the Other reflect theoperations of powerSaid, “Orientalism”: representatio...
Representation and age Representations of elderly as out-of-touch and dependent  Example: Grandpa on The  SimpsonsRepresen...
Representation of urban vs.suburban worldsRepresentations of urban worlds as dangerous,crime-ridden, poorRepresentations o...
Race: Create sitcom script(Bird, 2003) White group: largely white characters  Stereotypical portrayals of Indians  Mediate...
Worlds: DiscoursesDiscourses: ways of knowing/thinking; serves tolimit/restrain ways of talkingFoucault: “madness”/hysteri...
Gee: discoursesPrimary discourses: acquired inchildhoodSecondary Discourses: morespecialized, specific discourses  Academi...
Discourse of race: “Color-BlindRacism” Collective understandings/representations Use of “racetalk” to avoid racist label  ...
Discourses of classPosition: everyone is “middle class”Social/power relations: “us” vs. “them”Work/workplace: post-Fordist...
Bettie: Performing classPerformance: habitus: learneddispositions Passing and agency reflecting access to cultural capital...
Gee: SES and adolescents’ identities  Upper middle class: focus on “portfolio-shape shifting”: acquire “experiences”   Com...
Discourse of “businessmanageralism”Distanced, technocratic stances “which disallows thespeaking of concern, of welfare, of...
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OLLI mediarepresentation 24th

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Presentation on the 24th on media representations

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OLLI mediarepresentation 24th

  1. 1. Exhibits: Magazine adimages: RepresentationsCategories: each table: 1) femininity 2)masculinity, 3) class, 4), age, 5)vacation/entertainment/entertainment 6) otherIdentity patterns: create subcategories,including interactions across categoriesNote patterns/themes on post-itsReflect on how images influence your identityconstructionReflect on limitations of categories
  2. 2. Representation as Re-presentMedia do not simply reflect/mirror “reality”Media create or re-present a new reality “Reality” shows as a television “reality” dramaMedia “mediate” how we construct our lives Fashion magazine models mediate how they define their identities based on feminity
  3. 3. Stereotyping: Fixes/limitsMeaning (Hall)Stereotypes limits meanings assigned to groups Shapes perceptions of that group Leaves out/over-generalizes meaning “Scientists as nerds”/ “Native Americans as alcoholics”Contesting stereotypes by increasing diversity of imagesthat open up new possibilities of identity “Where do images come from?” “Who produces images?” “How is meaning closed down in representation?” “Who is silenced in the production of images?”
  4. 4. Problem of EssentializingGroupsEssentializing differences in terms ofgender, class, and race reflectsstereotypes “Boys always do X/girls do Y” “Working-class people are like X.”Essentializing fails to considervariations in identities, contexts, andcultures It is based on biological/behaviorist
  5. 5. Gender as Performance vs. EssentialistCategories Problem of essentializing “male” versus “females” as biological concepts Gender as a cultural construction manifested through performance Madonna as conflicted parody of gender stereotypes Social contexts as constituted by gender Sports events as display of masculine performance Afternoon talk shows as display of female agency
  6. 6. Construction of Masculinity1780-1850: middle-class socialpracticesSeparation of work and “home” asdistinct gendered realmsMen’s clubs/Christian community:moral commitment to serviceAustere dress vs.aristocratic dressFemales: associated with home
  7. 7. Representations of Race Power of white hegemony infilm/media Predominating control/portrayal of whites People of color not shown as subservient and not engaging in “human”/complex practices Blaxploitation films perpetuated stereotypes
  8. 8. Representations of “theOther”Representations of the Other reflect theoperations of powerSaid, “Orientalism”: representations of theOrient from a European perspective Orient as backward, mysterious, deviant Presupposes European superiorityMedia representations of gays as “different”
  9. 9. Representation and age Representations of elderly as out-of-touch and dependent Example: Grandpa on The SimpsonsRepresentations of adolescents asself-indulgent and irresponsible Example: the “Goonies”
  10. 10. Representation of urban vs.suburban worldsRepresentations of urban worlds as dangerous,crime-ridden, poorRepresentations of suburbia as bucolic, safeescape from urban worldOr, representation of suburbia as shallow,conformist, uniform “cooker cutter” world
  11. 11. Race: Create sitcom script(Bird, 2003) White group: largely white characters Stereotypical portrayals of Indians Mediated by media representations Limited cultural tool-kit for Indian group: aware of outside role Rejection of stereotypes of Indians White characters based on lived- world experiences
  12. 12. Worlds: DiscoursesDiscourses: ways of knowing/thinking; serves tolimit/restrain ways of talkingFoucault: “madness”/hysteriaRules for talking/defining knowledgeSubjects--represent discourse “mad” peopleSocial practices for dealing with people
  13. 13. Gee: discoursesPrimary discourses: acquired inchildhoodSecondary Discourses: morespecialized, specific discourses Academic, community, knowledge- based Discourses as “identity tool-kits”
  14. 14. Discourse of race: “Color-BlindRacism” Collective understandings/representations Use of “racetalk” to avoid racist label “Everyone is equal, but….” “I am not prejudice, but…” Denial of structural nature of discrimination Criticism of government race-based programs Use of storylines “I didn’t own slaves” “The past is past”
  15. 15. Discourses of classPosition: everyone is “middle class”Social/power relations: “us” vs. “them”Work/workplace: post-Fordist economy “Second class” status: adjunct instructorsCultural heritage: value/everyday lifeAcademia alienates working-class students Lack of spaces for working-class students to demonstrate expertise/agency
  16. 16. Bettie: Performing classPerformance: habitus: learneddispositions Passing and agency reflecting access to cultural capitalPerformativity: effects of socialstructures on class inequality
  17. 17. Gee: SES and adolescents’ identities Upper middle class: focus on “portfolio-shape shifting”: acquire “experiences” Competition/achievement/cognitio n More expository, distanced Working class: focus on everyday interaction Expression of feelings
  18. 18. Discourse of “businessmanageralism”Distanced, technocratic stances “which disallows thespeaking of concern, of welfare, of collectiveexperience” (Norman Fairclough, 2003)Teachers as part of a larger corporate structure Emphasizes productivity and efficiency Disallows teachers from expressing alternative voices or perspectivesNeed for “measurable” standardsStatistical measures as objective representations oflearning

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