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Creating Digital Exhibits for Critical Inquiry of Media Representations

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NAMLE Conference Presentation, Detroit, 2009

NAMLE Conference Presentation, Detroit, 2009

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

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  • 1. Creating Digital Exhibits for Critical Inquiry of Media Representations Richard Beach, 2009 NAMLE Google Docs version of handout: http://tinyurl.com/kk6zky
  • 2. Objectives  Infer patterns in media images and video  Flickr, Google Images, YouTube, digital maps  Mount exhibit as museum curators  Construct own media collages  Flickr, VoiceThread, YouTube, iMovie,WMM, Web Poster Wizard, Gliffy  Reflect on how media texts are constructed:  “Production, representation, distribution, reception, and socialization” Paul Prior
  • 3. Theories: Making connections  Situated Cognition Studies: James Gee:  humans—like connectionist computers —look for patterns in the elements of their experiences in the world and, as they have more and more experiences, find deeper and more subtle patterns, patterns that help predict what might happen in the future when they act to accomplish goals.
  • 4. Stephen Downes: Connectivism learning theory  We need to look at networks, not as physical systems, but as semantical constructs, where the organization of links is determined as much by similarity and salience than by raw, epistemologically neutral, forces of nature. Knowledge is a network phenomenon, to “know” something is to be organized in a certain way, to exhibit patterns of connectivity. To “learn” is to acquire certain patterns. This is as true for a community as it is for an individual.
  • 5. Collecting images/videos  Flickr, Google Images, YouTube, etc.  Identifying key terms/categories  Search strategies: Uses of tags  “attentive noticing”/“informed seeing”  tagging
  • 6. Flickr badges  (html or Flash collages to post on a blog or wiki) http://www.flickr.com/badge.gne  Harry Potter:
  • 7. Digital collages/scrapbooks  Shutterfly Studio  Smilebox  Clipmarks  Plum  Tabblo  Ulead Photo Express My Scrapbook 2 (Windows only)  HP Creative Scrapbook Assistant (Mac and Windows)
  • 8. Jeff Rice: Digital Detroit: Digital tagging of spaces in Detroit  By imagining the urban environment as one of encounter rather than fixed place, we can begin to conceptualize a city like Detroit as a network.  My call is for a plan of information tagging, where residents, working in digital spaces, reimagine the city through their own conceptualization and actualization of tags. In place of tagging the bypass or the stop sign with graffiti, they tag the city itself as an encountered name or moment within a digital, interconnected space
  • 9. Jeff Rice: Digital Detroit: Digital tagging of spaces in Detroit  Imagine, then, the city as a network of tags. Residents, who tag themselves simultaneously as writers or non-writers, mark the city through memory maps, weblogs, delicious tags, and other related tools in order to reconstruct the city's sense of urbanity as a digital experience. The tagging generates a number of assembled taxonomies, some recognizable, many not. Through the assemblages, we find new Detroits to engage. We find new Detroits emerging out of our own discursive constructions. This reworking is social in ways capital investment has failed to generate.
  • 10. Decontextualizing or defamiliarizing images
  • 11. Decontextualizing or defamiliarizing images
  • 12. Parodying/Altering/Remixing of Images  TinEye: reverse image search engine
  • 13. Parodying/Altering/Remixing of Images  Remix America: Remixed videos  Adbusters  My Pop Studio: Magazines
  • 14. Collect videos on YouTube  Search topics: Select images or videos: Hollywood representations of teachers  Inductively define patterns/deviations  School of Rock: provocateur  Dead Poet’s Society/History Boys: deviant  Dangerous Minds/Freedom Writers: savior  Half Nelson: relationship with students
  • 15. Comment/annotate  VoiceThread: add oral or written comments to slideshows  VoiceThread resources  VideoAnt: add written annotations to specific points in a video
  • 16. Remix: Copyright  “Transformational” fair use of images/videos  Center for Social Media: Video: Remix & Fair Use: Best Practices for Online Video
  • 17. Autobiographical connections  childhood photos or video: artifacts, events, places, family members, places  Agnes Varda, The Beaches of Agnes (2008)  American Memory Project  Family tree/heritage projects:  MyHeritage  Geni
  • 18. Representations of Race  Power of white hegemony in film/media  Predominating control/portrayal of whites  People of color not shown as subservient and not engaging in “human”/complex practices  Chinese Hollywood  Black People on YouTube
  • 19. Construction of Femininity  “Beauty industry”: appearance, slimness, or attractiveness as central to identity http://www.bodyimagesite.com http://www.edap.org/media1.html http://www.aap.org/advocacy/hogan599.htm  Kasi Williamson: Representations of feminism in the media  Jennifer Budenski: The New Cult of True Womanhood: the Monolith o f Disney’s Princess
  • 20. Representations: Masculinity  Traditional masculinity: aggression, competition, domination as portrayed in men’s magazines http://www.theory.org.uk/mensmags.htm http://www.theory.org.uk/ctr-rol5.htm  Matthew Ferrari, FlowTV: Mixed Martial Arts’ Burgeoning Wild Kingdom
  • 21. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.
  • 22. Representation of Class  People’s desire to be perceived as “middle class” by adopting class markers of dress, language, social practices  PBS: People Like Us  Representations of “working-class”  “White trash”  Center for the Study of Working Class Life
  • 23. Teachers in films  Caretakers, saviors, drillmaster, keepers of wisdom, facilitator/guide-on-the-side, technician, agent of social change, or underpaid unionist.  YouTube collection  Up the Down Staircase, Dead Poet’s Society, Dangerous Minds, Good Will Hunting, Finding Forrester, The History Boys, Freedom Writers, The Wire
  • 24. Students  Reality TV  Ivy: Spoof on RTV: college students
  • 25. Representation of urban vs. suburban vs. rural worlds  Urban worlds as dangerous, crime-ridden, poor http://www.newmediastudies.com/art/city- med.htm  Suburbia as bucolic, safe escape from urban world or as shallow, conformist, uniform “cooker cutter” world  Rural worlds: news stories focus on crime  few stories dealt with issues of agriculture, despite the loss of jobs, and the decline of family farming  Gina Nelson: Homelessness
  • 26. Connecting the Dots between Systems  Analyze how systems serve to each other to protect the status quo  Government, military, school, justice, business, media/entertainment, health care, transportation  How media functions to represent/perpetuate these systems
  • 27. Mark Lombardi: Maps Osama bin Laden support
  • 28. Food industry  Agri-business/corn lobby <-->campaign donations <--> government farm policies <--> Manufactured food <--> advertising <--> High fat food <--> obesity <--> health-care costs  Documentary: Food, Inc.
  • 29. Michael Pollan  I think Obama gets the issues. He's a great dot connector. He connects the dots between the way we grow food and the health care crisis and the climate change crisis and the energy crisis. He understands that and he's spoken about that eloquently. The question is how much political capital he is going to put into changing the system.
  • 30. Obesity <--> Health care <--> advertising  CDC: 36% of black Americans, 29% of Hispanics, and 24% of whites are obese.  Medical costs of obesity could have risento $147 billion per year by 2008.  Children see 7600 food commercials a year; 35% and 45% of commercials are for food. Almost all advertised food is unhealthy.  “African Americans are consistently exposed to food promotion and distribution patterns with relatively greater potential adverse health effects than are Whites.” American Journal of Public Health
  • 31. Connecting the dots: Health care reform  Insurance/pharmaceutical corporations (50 million ad campaign)  lobbying Congress   campaign donations  bills without “public” options- competition  cost of running for reelection  high cost of TV advertising  McCain/Feingold campaign finance “reform” (no free TV ads)  TV networks lobbying
  • 32. Reducing Future Campaign Costs: Web Campaigning  Movement away from reliance primarily on expensive TV ads  Strategies for effective uses of online campaigning  Engagement of younger voters in campaigns  Media literary: analyzing/producing online political ads  Frank Baker, Political Campaigns and Political Advertising, Greenwood Press