The Spanish Empire
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

The Spanish Empire

on

  • 652 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
652
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
652
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    The Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire Presentation Transcript

    • The Spanish Empire Rebecca Wasmund
    • Chapter 2 - Diego Vasicuio
      • Spanish tried to convert Indians of Peru to Catholicism
      • Spanish conducted visitas to find/punish idolaters
      • Indian males took turns serving in the mita - unfair/brutal labor
      • Catholic church found worship of Sorimana intolerable
      • Father de Prado forced Diego Vasicuio to produce the Sorimana guaca
      • Most likely situation: the idol that Vasicuio produced was not Sorimana, and Sorimana remained hidden.
    • Chapter 5 - Francisco Baquero
      • Buenos Aires thrived during 18th century reforms
      • Master shoemakers agreed to form a guild
      • Wealthy white merchants favored a system of racial discrimination within the guild
      • After lengthy process constitution was adopted that relegated nonwhites to smaller positions
      • Baquero took cause to royal court in Madrid
      • White guild ultimately dissolved, and beginning in 19th century nonwhite master shoemakers enjoyed equality with their white counterparts
    • Chapter 11 - Isabel Moctezuma
      • Daughter of Moctezuma - Aztec princess - wed to five husbands
      • Was married to a conquistador at fall of Aztec empire - became “model of Hispanicized Indian womanhood”
      • Hastened the evangelization of her country
      • Gave birth to seven children
      • After her death, there was much litigation over the fact that she (and in turn, her children) was the only legitimate heir to Moctezuma II.
    • Chapter 13 - Beatriz de Padilla
      • Beatriz de Padilla was a mulatta, accused of unspeakable acts against two of her lovers
      • Many witnesses and accusers, but original accusations were launched by jealous relatives
      • Colored women such as Beatriz enjoyed freedoms that more “respectable” white women could not enjoy
      • Women such as Beatriz made life easier for other colored women later on in history
    • Chapter 16 - Miguel Hernandez
      • Miguel was a literate, free mulatto
      • Was aggressive and enterprising and owned his own freighting business
      • Was successful for a man of his race - owned a house, land, and a black slave
      • Many of his relationships crossed racial and social boundaries
      • Lived a careful life and avoided traps that caught many mulattos - secret to his success
    • Chapter 18 - Enrico Martinez
      • Printer originally from Seville, had traveled and studied in Europe
      • Was a scientist and writer - liked to hypothesize on scientific topics that interested him
      • In particular, astrology, which was a dangerous topic to be interested in during the time of the Inquisition
      • Was hired as chief engineer of drainage works and failed - lost confidence in himself and faith of others
    • Chapter 20 - Micaela Angela Carrillo
      • Married, had children, but husband died early
      • Micaela supported herself and her family by making “pulque” spirit
      • Distributed some property amongst her children during life, left remaining property to her youngest daughter when she died
      • Rose from poor woman to landowner
      • Proof that some women can share male independence and be self sufficient
    • Manila Galleon
      • Trading ships - sailed between Manila and Acapulco
      • Total of 110 ships in the 250 years of trade
      • Carried spices, porcelain, ivory, silk
      • Only 2 ships sailed per year
      • Largest ships known to that time period
      • 4 month journey between the ports
      • Questions about whether galleons may have discovered Hawaii
    • Bartolomé de las Casas
      • Historian, social reformer, and bishop in the 16th century
      • Spent 50 years advocating for Indians and against enslaving and abusing them
      • One of first people to view all humans as universally equal
      • Early in life he participated in injustices against native peoples, but changed his mind and devoted rest of life to advocating for them
      • Had a hand in Pope Paul III proclaiming that Indians should be converted peacefully
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain
      • Viceroyalty of the Spanish colonial empire
      • Ruled by viceroy in Mexico City
      • Bourbon reforms - attempt to end control the bureaucracy had
      • From 1806 to 1821, much of land either sold to other countries or lost when nations declared themselves independent
      • Many regions and provinces all over, united by the viceroyalty
    • Cabeza de Vaca
      • One of four survivors of the Narvaez expedition
      • Became trader, traveled from tribe to tribe of natives and developed sympathy for them
      • 10 years later found Spaniards and traveled back to Spain
      • Eventually returned to America to reestablish the Buenos Aires settlement
      • Was arrested for poor administration but eventually exonerated
    • The Black Legend
      • Historical writing that paints the Spanish Empire as cruel and violent
      • First contributor: Bartolomé de las Casas
      • Characterized by exaggeration
      • Dealt with treatment of individuals during the Spanish Inquisition and treatment of natives during colonization of the Americas
      • Attempt to do the opposite (debunk myths of cruelty): White Legend