The Spanish Empire
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The Spanish Empire






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    The Spanish Empire The Spanish Empire Presentation Transcript

    • The Spanish Empire Rebecca Wasmund
    • Chapter 2 - Diego Vasicuio
      • Spanish tried to convert Indians of Peru to Catholicism
      • Spanish conducted visitas to find/punish idolaters
      • Indian males took turns serving in the mita - unfair/brutal labor
      • Catholic church found worship of Sorimana intolerable
      • Father de Prado forced Diego Vasicuio to produce the Sorimana guaca
      • Most likely situation: the idol that Vasicuio produced was not Sorimana, and Sorimana remained hidden.
    • Chapter 5 - Francisco Baquero
      • Buenos Aires thrived during 18th century reforms
      • Master shoemakers agreed to form a guild
      • Wealthy white merchants favored a system of racial discrimination within the guild
      • After lengthy process constitution was adopted that relegated nonwhites to smaller positions
      • Baquero took cause to royal court in Madrid
      • White guild ultimately dissolved, and beginning in 19th century nonwhite master shoemakers enjoyed equality with their white counterparts
    • Chapter 11 - Isabel Moctezuma
      • Daughter of Moctezuma - Aztec princess - wed to five husbands
      • Was married to a conquistador at fall of Aztec empire - became “model of Hispanicized Indian womanhood”
      • Hastened the evangelization of her country
      • Gave birth to seven children
      • After her death, there was much litigation over the fact that she (and in turn, her children) was the only legitimate heir to Moctezuma II.
    • Chapter 13 - Beatriz de Padilla
      • Beatriz de Padilla was a mulatta, accused of unspeakable acts against two of her lovers
      • Many witnesses and accusers, but original accusations were launched by jealous relatives
      • Colored women such as Beatriz enjoyed freedoms that more “respectable” white women could not enjoy
      • Women such as Beatriz made life easier for other colored women later on in history
    • Chapter 16 - Miguel Hernandez
      • Miguel was a literate, free mulatto
      • Was aggressive and enterprising and owned his own freighting business
      • Was successful for a man of his race - owned a house, land, and a black slave
      • Many of his relationships crossed racial and social boundaries
      • Lived a careful life and avoided traps that caught many mulattos - secret to his success
    • Chapter 18 - Enrico Martinez
      • Printer originally from Seville, had traveled and studied in Europe
      • Was a scientist and writer - liked to hypothesize on scientific topics that interested him
      • In particular, astrology, which was a dangerous topic to be interested in during the time of the Inquisition
      • Was hired as chief engineer of drainage works and failed - lost confidence in himself and faith of others
    • Chapter 20 - Micaela Angela Carrillo
      • Married, had children, but husband died early
      • Micaela supported herself and her family by making “pulque” spirit
      • Distributed some property amongst her children during life, left remaining property to her youngest daughter when she died
      • Rose from poor woman to landowner
      • Proof that some women can share male independence and be self sufficient
    • Manila Galleon
      • Trading ships - sailed between Manila and Acapulco
      • Total of 110 ships in the 250 years of trade
      • Carried spices, porcelain, ivory, silk
      • Only 2 ships sailed per year
      • Largest ships known to that time period
      • 4 month journey between the ports
      • Questions about whether galleons may have discovered Hawaii
    • Bartolomé de las Casas
      • Historian, social reformer, and bishop in the 16th century
      • Spent 50 years advocating for Indians and against enslaving and abusing them
      • One of first people to view all humans as universally equal
      • Early in life he participated in injustices against native peoples, but changed his mind and devoted rest of life to advocating for them
      • Had a hand in Pope Paul III proclaiming that Indians should be converted peacefully
    • Viceroyalty of New Spain
      • Viceroyalty of the Spanish colonial empire
      • Ruled by viceroy in Mexico City
      • Bourbon reforms - attempt to end control the bureaucracy had
      • From 1806 to 1821, much of land either sold to other countries or lost when nations declared themselves independent
      • Many regions and provinces all over, united by the viceroyalty
    • Cabeza de Vaca
      • One of four survivors of the Narvaez expedition
      • Became trader, traveled from tribe to tribe of natives and developed sympathy for them
      • 10 years later found Spaniards and traveled back to Spain
      • Eventually returned to America to reestablish the Buenos Aires settlement
      • Was arrested for poor administration but eventually exonerated
    • The Black Legend
      • Historical writing that paints the Spanish Empire as cruel and violent
      • First contributor: Bartolomé de las Casas
      • Characterized by exaggeration
      • Dealt with treatment of individuals during the Spanish Inquisition and treatment of natives during colonization of the Americas
      • Attempt to do the opposite (debunk myths of cruelty): White Legend