English Colonies of North America Rebecca Wasmund
America Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>Chesapeake colonies’ upper class less educated and mannerly than the uppe...
American Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>Laborers in the Chesapeake colonies were overworked, and often died earl...
American Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>As taxes raised and incomes declined, common planters became more and mo...
American Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>As time passed, elites became better educated and manners improved. </li...
American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>Puritan colonists tried to do all they could to make their colony resem...
American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>Colonists tried to buy Indians land, but Indians thought they were agre...
American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>Indians were still divided in autonomous tribes, while colonists could ...
American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>This was the largest conflict between Puritans and Indians - called Kin...
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English Colonies of North America

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English Colonies of North America

  1. 1. English Colonies of North America Rebecca Wasmund
  2. 2. America Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>Chesapeake colonies’ upper class less educated and mannerly than the upper class in England. </li></ul><ul><li>Public brutality and heavy fines for anyone who defamed upper class - deterred any possible riots. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Common” planters accepted authority of leaders only while their tobacco plantations were prosperous - otherwise they would blame their situation on ruling class and rebel. </li></ul><ul><li>Governors were appointed that would appease the local elite - power was shared between them and the crown. </li></ul><ul><li>Political hierarchy: king, provincial government, county court, family household. </li></ul><ul><li>Family households made less common because of prevalence of single men. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of family households made social hierarchy more volatile. </li></ul>
  3. 3. American Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>Laborers in the Chesapeake colonies were overworked, and often died early of disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Three-quarters of Chesapeake colonists were English servants, and 1 in 4 died within the first year. </li></ul><ul><li>Emigration dependent upon living conditions in England and price of tobacco in the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Most were indentured servants who agreed to a number of years of servitude for passage to the colonies. </li></ul>
  4. 4. American Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>As taxes raised and incomes declined, common planters became more and more dissatisfied with their government. </li></ul><ul><li>Governor Berkeley imposed high taxes and was elitist - did not believe in freedom of press or education. </li></ul><ul><li>Upper class received exorbitant pay, all came from the taxes that the common planter paid. </li></ul><ul><li>When Berkeley proposed an elaborate system of 9 forts to protect from Indians, common planters and frontier settlers were outraged. </li></ul><ul><li>Nathaniel Bacon allied with common planters and rebelled, killing many Indians out of defiance. </li></ul><ul><li>Bacon and his allies drove the governor and other elite across the Chesapeake Bay. </li></ul><ul><li>Were NOT seeking independence from England. </li></ul>
  5. 5. American Colonies 7 - Chesapeake Colonies <ul><li>As time passed, elites became better educated and manners improved. </li></ul><ul><li>English servants became rare, so colonists began importing African slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between freed black slaves and white men uneasy at first. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, racial system of slavery evolved and gap between races widened. </li></ul><ul><li>This also widened the gap between wealthy and poor white colonists. </li></ul>
  6. 6. American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>Puritan colonists tried to do all they could to make their colony resemble England (cleared fields, fenced land, built houses, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans believed that the wild land was evil, and that if they didn’t tame it they would end up savages - like they thought the Indians were. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans viewed Indians as one cohesive group, when they were in fact many smaller, autonomous groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian women worked fields, which made Puritans view them as exploited - in fact, they probably did less work than the Puritan women who tended the houses. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians had few possessions and didn’t worry about theft, while Puritans measured success on the amount/quality of their possessions and had problems with theft. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians had no concept of capitalism - instead favored maximum amount of leisure. </li></ul>
  7. 7. American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>Colonists tried to buy Indians land, but Indians thought they were agreeing to share the land. </li></ul><ul><li>Would then kill Indians for “trespassing” on their land. </li></ul><ul><li>These small conflicts led to Pequot War. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puritans surrounded a village of 400 Pequot, set the perimeter on fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 5 Pequot survived </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Puritans saw their success as confirmation that God was on their side. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>Indians were still divided in autonomous tribes, while colonists could mostly put aside their differences and unite against the Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>Indians attempted to unite, but were unable to put aside their various feuds. </li></ul><ul><li>Some smaller tribes submitted to the will of Puritan missionaries and settled down in “praying towns” </li></ul><ul><li>Indians in praying towns were forced to more or less adapt to Puritan customs. </li></ul><ul><li>Most Puritans still distrusted the praying town Indians, and even took their hatred out on them by killing some. </li></ul><ul><li>Uneasy peace, but war came soon, after colonists in Plymouth executed three Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>This infuriated other Indians, who began attacking and killing colonists and burning their property. </li></ul>
  9. 9. American Colonies 9 - Puritans and Indians <ul><li>This was the largest conflict between Puritans and Indians - called King Philip’s War </li></ul><ul><li>At first, Indians inflicted heavy losses. </li></ul><ul><li>Puritans realized they were at a disadvantage, so they enlisted the help of the Pequot, Mohegan, and praying town Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>Many tribes surrendered, but the Puritans then enslaved and executed the already defeated Indians - by 18th century they were thought to be extinct. </li></ul>

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