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..“Oh I get by with a little help from my friends..” 1960 – 1970
Thesis <ul><li>The destruction of The Beatles caused by their unified group evolving into an assembly of individuals with ...
Main Points <ul><li>Forming/Group Development </li></ul><ul><li>Roles in Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Performing </li></ul...
Introduction and History <ul><li>English rock band formed in Liverpool (1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Most commercially successf...
Introduction and History <ul><li>JOHN LENNON  (rhythm guitar, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>PAUL MCCARTNEY  (bass guitar, voca...
Early Years ( Group Development  &  Forming ) <ul><li>16-year-old singer and guitarist,  John Lennon , formed skiffle grou...
Early Years ( Roles in Leadership ) <ul><li>Style Perspectives:  Autocratic, Democratic  and  Laissex-fair </li></ul><ul><...
Early Years <ul><li>Martin conducted band’s 1 st  recording session at Abbey Road Studios in London (1962) </li></ul><ul><...
Early Years ( Norming  &  Performing ) <ul><li>Band established fame with first single “Love Me Do” followed by “Please Pl...
Touring Years ( Group Climate  &  Group as a System: Synergy ) <ul><li>Positive Climate  exist when individuals perceive t...
Touring Years ( We Not Me ) <ul><li>1962 - 1966 The Beatles toured internationally, creating world-wide fame </li></ul><ul...
Touring Years ( Group Climate ) <ul><li>Negative Climate  exists when group members do not feel valued, respected, when tr...
The Breakup ( Cooperation vs. Competition, Me Not We ) <ul><li>Content of lyrics, band’s openness about drug use, and visu...
The Breakup ( Psychological Reactance) <ul><li>Psychological Reactance:  More someone tries to control by telling what to ...
The Breakup ( Hidden Agendas ) <ul><li>Each member developed different agendas & musical desires </li></ul><ul><li>During ...
The Breakup ( Hypercompetitiveness ) <ul><li>McCartney and Lennon competed with one another’s ideas and directions </li></...
Conclusion <ul><li>The Beatles officially broke up/ fell apart </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon announced his departure from band ...
The Beatles Today <ul><li>Lennon was shot and killed in New York City December 8, 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Harrison died of ...
The End  “Let It Be.”
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FINAL BEATLES PP (Presentation Copy)

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Transcript of "FINAL BEATLES PP (Presentation Copy)"

  1. 1. ..“Oh I get by with a little help from my friends..” 1960 – 1970
  2. 2. Thesis <ul><li>The destruction of The Beatles caused by their unified group evolving into an assembly of individuals with radically diverse ideas and goals. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Main Points <ul><li>Forming/Group Development </li></ul><ul><li>Roles in Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Performing </li></ul><ul><li>Group Climate (positive/negative) </li></ul><ul><li>Group as a System (synergy) </li></ul><ul><li>We Not Me/Me Not We </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperation vs. Competition </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological Reactance </li></ul><ul><li>Hidden Agendas </li></ul><ul><li>Hypercompetitiveness </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction and History <ul><li>English rock band formed in Liverpool (1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music </li></ul><ul><li>Folk Rock, Psychedelic Pop and Classical </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction and History <ul><li>JOHN LENNON (rhythm guitar, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>PAUL MCCARTNEY (bass guitar, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>GEORGE HARRISON (lead guitar, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>RINGO STARR (drums, vocals) </li></ul><ul><li>Stuart Stucliffe (bass guitar): 1960-1961 </li></ul><ul><li>Pete Best (drums): 1960-1962 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Early Years ( Group Development & Forming ) <ul><li>16-year-old singer and guitarist, John Lennon , formed skiffle group “The Quarrymen” with Liverpool school friends (1957) </li></ul><ul><li>15-year-old Paul McCartney joined Lennon’s band as guitarist after meeting in July (1957) </li></ul><ul><li>McCartney invited 14-year-old George Harrison into the band as lead guitarist (1958) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Early Years ( Roles in Leadership ) <ul><li>Style Perspectives: Autocratic, Democratic and Laissex-fair </li></ul><ul><li>The band encountered Brian Epstein , local record store owner and music columnist, at a frequently visited club for performance </li></ul><ul><li>Band appointed Epstein official manager (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>George Martin signed band to EMI’s Parlophone label </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Years <ul><li>Martin conducted band’s 1 st recording session at Abbey Road Studios in London (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>English singer, song-writer and actor, Ringo Starr joins band (1962) </li></ul><ul><li>Starr left band “Rory Storm and the Hurricanes” to join The Beatles </li></ul>
  9. 9. Early Years ( Norming & Performing ) <ul><li>Band established fame with first single “Love Me Do” followed by “Please Please Me” </li></ul><ul><li>Made 1 st live TV debut performance on regional news programme Peoples and Places </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon and McCartney established songwriting partnership </li></ul><ul><li>“ McCartney’s melodic bass lines, Starr’s slaphappy no-rolls drumming, Harrison’s rockability-style guitar leads & Lennon’s assertive rhythm guitar …& 4 fervent voices” (Rolling Stone) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Touring Years ( Group Climate & Group as a System: Synergy ) <ul><li>Positive Climate exist when individuals perceive that they are valued, supported and treated well by the group </li></ul><ul><li>Epstein encouraged band to be more professional and commercial performers </li></ul><ul><li>By March 1963 “Love Me Do” and “Please Please Me” hit #2 on UK singles chart </li></ul><ul><li>Band’s quick popularity created a frenzied adulation “Beatlemania!” </li></ul><ul><li>The Beatles were a synergistic phenomenon </li></ul>
  11. 11. Touring Years ( We Not Me ) <ul><li>1962 - 1966 The Beatles toured internationally, creating world-wide fame </li></ul><ul><li>Preformed on The Ed Sullivan Show with approx. 74 million viewers </li></ul><ul><li>Held 12 spots on Billboard Hot 100 singles chart </li></ul><ul><li>Famous hit singles included “I Want to Hold Your Hand” “Help!” “Maggie Mae” </li></ul><ul><li>Major Motion Picture Contracts: Help! and A Hard Day’s Night </li></ul>
  12. 12. Touring Years ( Group Climate ) <ul><li>Negative Climate exists when group members do not feel valued, respected, when trust is minimal and members perceive not being treated well </li></ul><ul><li>After 4 th album band began to struggle with controversy and conflict in commercialism vs. creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Album Rubber Soul posed more complex and mature nature of band’s songs and their meaning </li></ul><ul><li>The clash between Lennon’s deep ingenuity and McCartney’s thirst for prominence became evident </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Breakup ( Cooperation vs. Competition, Me Not We ) <ul><li>Content of lyrics, band’s openness about drug use, and visual presentation of album covers triggered much controversy </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. religious and social groups back lashed on band after Lennon expressed opinions on Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Epstein criticized media about the band taking harsh judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Epstein encouraged band’s reactions to controversy remain undisclosed (1966) </li></ul><ul><li>The Beatles marked their last tour in August (1966) </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Breakup ( Psychological Reactance) <ul><li>Psychological Reactance: More someone tries to control by telling what to do, the more inclined to resist or do opposite </li></ul><ul><li>Epstein died by accidental overdose August of 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Epstein’s death left band feeling disoriented and fearful of the future </li></ul><ul><li>McCartney tried initiating projects for band </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon stated Esptein’s death marked the beginning of the end for The Beatles </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Breakup ( Hidden Agendas ) <ul><li>Each member developed different agendas & musical desires </li></ul><ul><li>During recording sessions of the infamous White Album relations among the band became openly troublesome </li></ul><ul><li>Starr left the band leaving McCartney drummer </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon’s romantic preoccupation with avant-grade artist, Yoko Ono posed strong tension </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon lost interest in co-writing with McCartney creating defensive/negative atmosphere </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Breakup ( Hypercompetitiveness ) <ul><li>McCartney and Lennon competed with one another’s ideas and directions </li></ul><ul><li>Strong conflict between Lennon and McCartney arose with appointment of financial advisor </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon was the 1 st of the band to release solo single “Give Peace a Chance” album Abbey Road </li></ul><ul><li>Harrison left the band out of frustration of Ono’s presence and Lennon and McCartney’s disagreements </li></ul>
  17. 17. Conclusion <ul><li>The Beatles officially broke up/ fell apart </li></ul><ul><li>Lennon announced his departure from band September 20, 1969 </li></ul><ul><li>McCartney publically announced his departure form band April 10, 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>All 4 members released solo albums in 1970 </li></ul><ul><li>The Beatles released 12 studio albums, 13 EP’s and 22 singles from 1962-1970 </li></ul><ul><li>Noted by many as greatest and most influential rock band of all time during and after years active </li></ul>
  18. 18. The Beatles Today <ul><li>Lennon was shot and killed in New York City December 8, 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>Harrison died of lung cancer November 29, 2001 </li></ul><ul><li>McCartney and Starr are the only living members today </li></ul><ul><li>Strongly publicized in today’s media McCartney and Starr actively continuing and progressing their music careers </li></ul>
  19. 19. The End “Let It Be.”
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