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Early Christian & Medieval Art PPT Resources

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  • 1. EarlyEarly MedievaMedieva l Artl Art . 500 CE, Gummersmark Brooch,500 CE, Gummersmark Brooch, Denmark-NorseDenmark-Norse
  • 2. ReviewReview of Someof Some ExamplesExamples ofof ByzantinByzantin e Arte Art 6th or 7th century Coptic (Egyptian) icon of Jesus and an abbot6th or 7th century Coptic (Egyptian) icon of Jesus and an abbot shares in more homely form the anti-realist style of Byzantine iconicshares in more homely form the anti-realist style of Byzantine iconic artart.
  • 3. 532-49 C.E.-6th-century mosaic in Ravenna,Italy's532-49 C.E.-6th-century mosaic in Ravenna,Italy's Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe.Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe.
  • 4. Apse Mosaic: St.Apse Mosaic: St. Apollinaris (Detail)Apollinaris (Detail) Sant'Apollinare inSant'Apollinare in Classe, Ravenna,Classe, Ravenna, Italy (c. 532-49).Italy (c. 532-49).
  • 5. Late 12th century- Byzantine monumental Church mosaicsLate 12th century- Byzantine monumental Church mosaics Monreale, SicilyMonreale, Sicily
  • 6. Suffolk, England, c. 625: purse coverSuffolk, England, c. 625: purse cover Sutton Hoo ship burial, gold, glass, andSutton Hoo ship burial, gold, glass, and enamel cloisonné w/ garnets andenamel cloisonné w/ garnets and emeralds.emeralds.
  • 7. Detail of purse cover:Detail of purse cover: * artwork of migratory peoples* artwork of migratory peoples * predatory subject matter* predatory subject matter * interlaced pattern* interlaced pattern
  • 8. 715 C.E. 8th715 C.E. 8th century English:century English: Folio 27r from theFolio 27r from the LindisfarneLindisfarne GospelsGospels, Incipit to, Incipit to the Gospel ofthe Gospel of Matthew.Matthew.
  • 9. Detail: 715 C.E. 8thDetail: 715 C.E. 8th century English:century English: Folio 27r from theFolio 27r from the LindisfarneLindisfarne GospelsGospels
  • 10. 698-721 CE,698-721 CE, NorthumbriaNorthumbria England: Cross andEngland: Cross and carpet page fromcarpet page from thethe LindisfarneLindisfarne GospelsGospels tempera ontempera on vellum.vellum. Hiberno-Saxon, orHiberno-Saxon, or Insular/ Celtic crossInsular/ Celtic cross with a transom.with a transom.
  • 11. Detail of Celtic cross uses serpents, dragons,Detail of Celtic cross uses serpents, dragons, and other fantastic animals in patterns.and other fantastic animals in patterns.
  • 12. TheThe LindisfarneLindisfarne Gospels:Gospels: varied stylesvaried styles of the sacred act ofof the sacred act of copying images/copying images/ amarius and aamarius and a scriptoriumscriptorium Scriptorium:Scriptorium: A room in a monastery set aside for the copying, writing, or illuminating of manuscripts and records. Amarius:Amarius: the librarian (head monk) of the scriptorium
  • 13. 698-721 CE698-721 CE,, Northumbria,Northumbria, England, folioEngland, folio 25 verso, St.25 verso, St. Matthew, fromMatthew, from the Lindisfarnethe Lindisfarne Gospels.Gospels. Written in RomanWritten in Roman Latin but spelledLatin but spelled out in Greek.out in Greek. Tempera on vellum.Tempera on vellum.
  • 14. 800 CE, Folio 29 recto800 CE, Folio 29 recto of theof the Book of KellsBook of Kells (Irish: Leabhar(Irish: Leabhar Cheanannais,Cheanannais, sometimes known assometimes known as thethe Book of Columba),Book of Columba), The Incipit to theThe Incipit to the Gospel of Matthew.Gospel of Matthew. It was transcribed byIt was transcribed by Celtic monks, and is aCeltic monks, and is a masterwork ofmasterwork of Western calligraphyWestern calligraphy and represents theand represents the zenith of Insularzenith of Insular illumination.illumination.
  • 15. 800 CE, Iona,800 CE, Iona, Scotland; FolioScotland; Folio 34r34r Book of KellsBook of Kells (or Book of(or Book of Columbia),Columbia), Chi-Chi- rho-iota page-rho-iota page- *Chi*Chi andand rhorho areare The first two lettersThe first two letters of the wordof the word ChristChrist in Greek.in Greek.
  • 16. 800 CE,800 CE, Book ofBook of Kells (Book ofKells (Book of Columbia),Columbia), *considered*considered greatestgreatest achievement ofachievement of Hiberno-SaxonHiberno-Saxon Art.Art.
  • 17. Book ofBook of Kells:Kells: Detail ofDetail of pagepage inclusion ofinclusion of human andhuman and animalanimal shapesshapes within text.within text.
  • 18. East faceEast face 923 CE, High Cross of923 CE, High Cross of Muiredach,Muiredach, Monasterboic,Monasterboic, County Louth, IrelandCounty Louth, Ireland
  • 19. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 1: This panel depicts two hermitPanel 1: This panel depicts two hermit saints—Anthony and Paul of Thebes—saints—Anthony and Paul of Thebes— holding a loaf of bread, with a ravenholding a loaf of bread, with a raven sitting on the ground beside them.sitting on the ground beside them.
  • 20. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 6: This panel may represent a soulPanel 6: This panel may represent a soul being carried to heaven by two angels.being carried to heaven by two angels.
  • 21. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 7: this panel represents The Last Judgement. It contains more than 45 figures.
  • 22. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 8: This panel shows three figures:Panel 8: This panel shows three figures: Michael, the Devil, and a human. Michael isMichael, the Devil, and a human. Michael is shown weighing the soul of a human in ashown weighing the soul of a human in a balancebalance.
  • 23. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 9: This panel represents the Adoration of the Magi.
  • 24. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 10: depicts Moses drawing water from the rock.
  • 25. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 11: depicts the battle between David and Goliath.
  • 26. East face panel keyEast face panel key Panel 12: the left depicts the fall Adam and Eve, and the scene on the right depicts Cain and Abel.
  • 27. West-faceWest-face
  • 28. Panel 1a:The panel depicts Moses on Mount Sinai, with Aaron and Hur supporting his hands.. West-faceWest-face
  • 29. Panel 11. This panel depicts the Crucifixion of Christ.. West-faceWest-face
  • 30. Panel 13. Christ is enthroned between St. Peter and St. Paul. He gives the keys to Peter on His right and a book to Paul. West-faceWest-face
  • 31. West-faceWest-face Panel 14. This panel features three figures. The middle figure, Christ holds up his right to Thomas in benediction. Figure on the left is stretching out his finger and touching the side of the central figure.
  • 32. Panel 15: The arrest of Christ or the mocking of Christ-panel shows three men; it is thought to represent the seizure of Christ in the garden of Gethsemane. West-faceWest-face
  • 33. ship burial Odin, Thor, and Freya/Odin, Thor, and Freya/ Valhalla/ stave churchValhalla/ stave church Gruesome rituals ofGruesome rituals of human sacrificehuman sacrifice
  • 34. 825 CE, wood,825 CE, wood, Oseburg, Norway,Oseburg, Norway, Animal head post, fromAnimal head post, from ship burialship burial 5 zoomorphic posts,5 zoomorphic posts, carved with differentcarved with different animal heads fashionedanimal heads fashioned out of maple wood andout of maple wood and are of similar size.are of similar size.
  • 35. 825 CE, wood, Oseburg, Norway: Detail of825 CE, wood, Oseburg, Norway: Detail of Animal head post from the ship burial.Animal head post from the ship burial. Vikings: fusionVikings: fusion of interlacedof interlaced pattern andpattern and the animalthe animal formform
  • 36. STAVE CHURCH: Norway- boat construction and home building in the Viking times had developed the technique and tradition of combining art with wood working. This culminated in the stave churches..
  • 37. 1050 CE,1050 CE, Urnes,Urnes, Norway, woodNorway, wood carved portalcarved portal of the staveof the stave churchchurch
  • 38. Oseberg ship, Viking Ship Museum, Oslo, Norway.Oseberg ship, Viking Ship Museum, Oslo, Norway.
  • 39. Detail of Oseberg shipDetail of Oseberg ship on righton right Oseberg bucket:Oseberg bucket: yew wood surrounded byyew wood surrounded by decorative brass fittings & helddecorative brass fittings & held together with iron hoops.together with iron hoops.
  • 40. Early 9Early 9thth Century,Century, Metz, GermanyMetz, Germany EquestrianEquestrian portrait ofportrait of CharlemagneCharlemagne
  • 41. 800-810 CE,800-810 CE, Aachen,Aachen, Germany, SaintGermany, Saint Matthew from theMatthew from the folio 15 rectofolio 15 recto,, Coronation GospelCoronation Gospel Book ofBook of Charlemagne,Charlemagne, inkink and tempera onand tempera on vellumvellum
  • 42. 816-835 CE, Hautvillers (near Reims), France, Saint Matthew folio 18 Verso of the Ebbo Gospels, ink and tempera on vellum. NOTE: the images classical calm replaced by a frenzy of energyNOTE: the images classical calm replaced by a frenzy of energy
  • 43. Detail: Saint Matthew folio 18 Verso of the Ebbo GospelsDetail: Saint Matthew folio 18 Verso of the Ebbo Gospels
  • 44. 9th-century, Utrecht Psalter,9th-century, Utrecht Psalter, Naturalistic and energeticNaturalistic and energetic figurine line drawings werefigurine line drawings were entirely new.entirely new. The Utrecht Psalter was perhapsThe Utrecht Psalter was perhaps the most influential innovationthe most influential innovation of all Carolingian art in laterof all Carolingian art in later Periods.Periods.
  • 45. 800 CE,800 CE, IllustrationsIllustrations from thefrom the UtrechtUtrecht PsalterPsalter
  • 46. 816 CE, Psalms 43816 CE, Psalms 43 & 44, from the& 44, from the Utrecht PsalterUtrecht Psalter
  • 47. 865 CE, Cover of865 CE, Cover of thethe Psalter ofPsalter of Charles the Bald,Charles the Bald, St. Denis, France:St. Denis, France: ivory panel set inivory panel set in silver-gilt withsilver-gilt with filigree work andfiligree work and precious stones.precious stones. Rich, decoratedRich, decorated surfaces/ continuedsurfaces/ continued intellectual andintellectual and artistic endeavorsartistic endeavors during theduring the Carolingian periodCarolingian period
  • 48. 865 CE, Detail of cover of the865 CE, Detail of cover of the Psalter of Charles thePsalter of Charles the Bald,Bald, St. Denis, France.St. Denis, France.
  • 49. 870 CE,870 CE, LindauLindau GospelsGospels Left: front coverLeft: front cover goldgold Below: back covercover
  • 50. 870 CE,870 CE, LindauLindau Gospels.Gospels. Saint Gall,Saint Gall, Switzerland.Switzerland. Finest jewel binding inFinest jewel binding in the Charolingianthe Charolingian period.period. Focal point is theFocal point is the crucifixion of Christ.crucifixion of Christ. Christ surrounded byChrist surrounded by mourning figuresmourning figures
  • 51. 792-805 CE:792-805 CE: Aachen,Aachen, Germany,Germany, Odo of Metz.Odo of Metz. Interior of theInterior of the Palatine ChapelPalatine Chapel of Charlemagneof Charlemagne modeled aftermodeled after San Vitale/San Vitale/ second-storiedsecond-storied thronethrone
  • 52. Interior of the Palatine Chapel of CharlemagneInterior of the Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne