l Artl Art
. 500 CE, Gummersmark Brooch,500 CE, Gummersmark Brooch,
of Someof Some
e Arte Art
6th or 7th century Coptic (Egyptian) icon of Jesus and an abbot6th or 7th century Coptic (Egyptian) icon of Jesus and an abbot
shares in more homely form the anti-realist style of Byzantine iconicshares in more homely form the anti-realist style of Byzantine iconic
3. 532-49 C.E.-6th-century mosaic in Ravenna,Italy's532-49 C.E.-6th-century mosaic in Ravenna,Italy's
Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe.Basilica di Sant'Apollinare in Classe.
4. Apse Mosaic: St.Apse Mosaic: St.
Apollinaris (Detail)Apollinaris (Detail)
Sant'Apollinare inSant'Apollinare in
Classe, Ravenna,Classe, Ravenna,
Italy (c. 532-49).Italy (c. 532-49).
5. Late 12th century- Byzantine monumental Church mosaicsLate 12th century- Byzantine monumental Church mosaics
Monreale, SicilyMonreale, Sicily
6. Suffolk, England, c. 625: purse coverSuffolk, England, c. 625: purse cover
Sutton Hoo ship burial, gold, glass, andSutton Hoo ship burial, gold, glass, and
enamel cloisonné w/ garnets andenamel cloisonné w/ garnets and
7. Detail of purse cover:Detail of purse cover:
* artwork of migratory peoples* artwork of migratory peoples
* predatory subject matter* predatory subject matter
* interlaced pattern* interlaced pattern
8. 715 C.E. 8th715 C.E. 8th
century English:century English:
Folio 27r from theFolio 27r from the
GospelsGospels, Incipit to, Incipit to
the Gospel ofthe Gospel of
9. Detail: 715 C.E. 8thDetail: 715 C.E. 8th
century English:century English:
Folio 27r from theFolio 27r from the
10. 698-721 CE,698-721 CE,
England: Cross andEngland: Cross and
carpet page fromcarpet page from
GospelsGospels tempera ontempera on
Hiberno-Saxon, orHiberno-Saxon, or
Insular/ Celtic crossInsular/ Celtic cross
with a transom.with a transom.
11. Detail of Celtic cross uses serpents, dragons,Detail of Celtic cross uses serpents, dragons,
and other fantastic animals in patterns.and other fantastic animals in patterns.
12. TheThe LindisfarneLindisfarne
Gospels:Gospels: varied stylesvaried styles
of the sacred act ofof the sacred act of
copying images/copying images/
amarius and aamarius and a
Scriptorium:Scriptorium: A room in a monastery set aside for the copying,
writing, or illuminating of manuscripts and records.
Amarius:Amarius: the librarian (head monk) of the scriptorium
13. 698-721 CE698-721 CE,,
England, folioEngland, folio
25 verso, St.25 verso, St.
Matthew, fromMatthew, from
the Lindisfarnethe Lindisfarne
Written in RomanWritten in Roman
Latin but spelledLatin but spelled
out in Greek.out in Greek.
Tempera on vellum.Tempera on vellum.
14. 800 CE, Folio 29 recto800 CE, Folio 29 recto
of theof the Book of KellsBook of Kells
(Irish: Leabhar(Irish: Leabhar
sometimes known assometimes known as
thethe Book of Columba),Book of Columba),
The Incipit to theThe Incipit to the
Gospel of Matthew.Gospel of Matthew.
It was transcribed byIt was transcribed by
Celtic monks, and is aCeltic monks, and is a
masterwork ofmasterwork of
Western calligraphyWestern calligraphy
and represents theand represents the
zenith of Insularzenith of Insular
15. 800 CE, Iona,800 CE, Iona,
Scotland; FolioScotland; Folio
34r34r Book of KellsBook of Kells
(or Book of(or Book of
rho-iota page-rho-iota page-
*Chi*Chi andand rhorho areare
The first two lettersThe first two letters
of the wordof the word
ChristChrist in Greek.in Greek.
16. 800 CE,800 CE, Book ofBook of
Kells (Book ofKells (Book of
achievement ofachievement of
17. Book ofBook of
Detail ofDetail of
inclusion ofinclusion of
human andhuman and
within text.within text.
18. East faceEast face
923 CE, High Cross of923 CE, High Cross of
County Louth, IrelandCounty Louth, Ireland
19. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 1: This panel depicts two hermitPanel 1: This panel depicts two hermit
saints—Anthony and Paul of Thebes—saints—Anthony and Paul of Thebes—
holding a loaf of bread, with a ravenholding a loaf of bread, with a raven
sitting on the ground beside them.sitting on the ground beside them.
20. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 6: This panel may represent a soulPanel 6: This panel may represent a soul
being carried to heaven by two angels.being carried to heaven by two angels.
21. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 7: this panel represents The Last
Judgement. It contains more than 45 figures.
22. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 8: This panel shows three figures:Panel 8: This panel shows three figures:
Michael, the Devil, and a human. Michael isMichael, the Devil, and a human. Michael is
shown weighing the soul of a human in ashown weighing the soul of a human in a
23. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 9: This panel represents the Adoration
of the Magi.
24. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 10: depicts Moses drawing water from
25. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 11: depicts the battle between David
26. East face panel keyEast face panel key
Panel 12: the left depicts the fall Adam and
Eve, and the scene on the right depicts Cain
28. Panel 1a:The panel depicts Moses on Mount
Sinai, with Aaron and Hur supporting his
29. Panel 11. This panel depicts the Crucifixion
30. Panel 13. Christ is enthroned between St.
Peter and St. Paul. He gives the keys to Peter
on His right and a book to Paul.
Panel 14. This panel features three figures.
The middle figure, Christ holds up his right to
Thomas in benediction. Figure on the left is
stretching out his finger and touching the side
of the central figure.
32. Panel 15: The arrest of Christ or the
mocking of Christ-panel shows three men;
it is thought to represent the seizure of
Christ in the garden of Gethsemane.
33. ship burial
Odin, Thor, and Freya/Odin, Thor, and Freya/
Valhalla/ stave churchValhalla/ stave church
Gruesome rituals ofGruesome rituals of
human sacrificehuman sacrifice
34. 825 CE, wood,825 CE, wood,
Oseburg, Norway,Oseburg, Norway,
Animal head post, fromAnimal head post, from
ship burialship burial
5 zoomorphic posts,5 zoomorphic posts,
carved with differentcarved with different
animal heads fashionedanimal heads fashioned
out of maple wood andout of maple wood and
are of similar size.are of similar size.
35. 825 CE, wood, Oseburg, Norway: Detail of825 CE, wood, Oseburg, Norway: Detail of
Animal head post from the ship burial.Animal head post from the ship burial.
Vikings: fusionVikings: fusion
of interlacedof interlaced
pattern andpattern and
the animalthe animal
36. STAVE CHURCH:
Norway- boat construction and home
building in the Viking times had developed
the technique and tradition of combining
art with wood working. This culminated in
the stave churches..
37. 1050 CE,1050 CE,
Norway, woodNorway, wood
carved portalcarved portal
of the staveof the stave
39. Detail of Oseberg shipDetail of Oseberg ship
on righton right
Oseberg bucket:Oseberg bucket:
yew wood surrounded byyew wood surrounded by
decorative brass fittings & helddecorative brass fittings & held
together with iron hoops.together with iron hoops.
40. Early 9Early 9thth
Metz, GermanyMetz, Germany
portrait ofportrait of
41. 800-810 CE,800-810 CE,
Germany, SaintGermany, Saint
Matthew from theMatthew from the
folio 15 rectofolio 15 recto,,
Coronation GospelCoronation Gospel
Book ofBook of
and tempera onand tempera on
42. 816-835 CE,
Saint Matthew folio
18 Verso of the Ebbo
Gospels, ink and
tempera on vellum.
NOTE: the images classical calm replaced by a frenzy of energyNOTE: the images classical calm replaced by a frenzy of energy
43. Detail: Saint Matthew folio 18 Verso of the Ebbo GospelsDetail: Saint Matthew folio 18 Verso of the Ebbo Gospels
44. 9th-century, Utrecht Psalter,9th-century, Utrecht Psalter,
Naturalistic and energeticNaturalistic and energetic
figurine line drawings werefigurine line drawings were
entirely new.entirely new.
The Utrecht Psalter was perhapsThe Utrecht Psalter was perhaps
the most influential innovationthe most influential innovation
of all Carolingian art in laterof all Carolingian art in later
45. 800 CE,800 CE,
from thefrom the
46. 816 CE, Psalms 43816 CE, Psalms 43
& 44, from the& 44, from the
Utrecht PsalterUtrecht Psalter
47. 865 CE, Cover of865 CE, Cover of
thethe Psalter ofPsalter of
Charles the Bald,Charles the Bald,
St. Denis, France:St. Denis, France:
ivory panel set inivory panel set in
silver-gilt withsilver-gilt with
filigree work andfiligree work and
precious stones.precious stones.
Rich, decoratedRich, decorated
surfaces/ continuedsurfaces/ continued
intellectual andintellectual and
artistic endeavorsartistic endeavors
during theduring the
Carolingian periodCarolingian period
48. 865 CE, Detail of cover of the865 CE, Detail of cover of the Psalter of Charles thePsalter of Charles the
Bald,Bald, St. Denis, France.St. Denis, France.
49. 870 CE,870 CE, LindauLindau
Left: front coverLeft: front cover
Below: back covercover
50. 870 CE,870 CE, LindauLindau
Gospels.Gospels. Saint Gall,Saint Gall,
Finest jewel binding inFinest jewel binding in
the Charolingianthe Charolingian
Focal point is theFocal point is the
crucifixion of Christ.crucifixion of Christ.
Christ surrounded byChrist surrounded by
mourning figuresmourning figures
51. 792-805 CE:792-805 CE:
Odo of Metz.Odo of Metz.
Interior of theInterior of the
Palatine ChapelPalatine Chapel
of Charlemagneof Charlemagne
modeled aftermodeled after
San Vitale/San Vitale/
52. Interior of the Palatine Chapel of CharlemagneInterior of the Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne