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  • 1. BODY IMAGE
  • 2. I) What is Body Image? A) It is the way you see yourself, the way you feel about your appearance and your level of comfort with your body. It is not based on fact. It is psychological in nature and is more influenced by self-esteem than actual physical attractiveness as judged by others. Body image is not inborn. It is learned.
  • 3. B) Your body image is very important. How you feel about your body can affect the way you deal with many
  • 4. C) If you feel comfortable with your body, you will be more likely to have confidence when you are faced with new challenges. If you are uncomfortable with your body, you may feel like changing how your body looks. These feelings can lead to some unhealthy behavior.
  • 5. II. Healthy Body Image A) People who have a healthy body image are comfortable with their appearance B) They accept their bodies and they do not feel the need to change anything about their bodies C) They are not easily influenced by what they see on TV or magazines D) They have a healthy self-esteem and are confident in new situations
  • 6. III. Unhealthy Self-Image A) People who have an unhealthy body image are not comfortable with the way they look B) They tend to compare themselves to others C) They want to change the way they look D) They might take part in unhealthy behavior like fad dieting and eating disorders E) They have low self-esteem F) Because they have low self-esteem they tend to avoid their friends because they feel they are not good enough for their friends G) They become less active in class which can affect their grades
  • 7. IV: Influences on Body Image A) Your Family 1) When family members say good things about your appearance, they help you feel good about your body 2) But sometimes your family may say things about your body that hurt your feelings. These comments can hurt your body image especially if you are already not comfortable with your body.
  • 8. B) People at Your School 1) Friends a) Friends can be a good influence on your body image if they support you when you feel uncomfortable with your body. b) However they may criticize how someone looks without realizing it which can hurt your body image
  • 9. 2) Peers a) Peers are people you know who are your age. b) They may take part in teasing and bullying
  • 10. 3) Teachers and Coaches a) In some sports physical characteristics may affect how well you play. A coach may make a comment about your body that may hurt your feelings.
  • 11. C) The Media ( Magazines, TV, movies, the Internet, billboards. etc.) a) Adolescents undergo physical and emotional change. b) During this time they are exposed to many media messages and images. The media promotes the ideal female body to be very thin and the ideal male body to be very muscular. c) Many think that they should look like the people they see in the media in order to be accepted by their peers.
  • 12. d) But the truth is ….
  • 13. e) Models eat tissue, work out seven hours a day , taking appetite reducing drugs, metabolism enhancing drugs just to keep their jobs Modeling agencies have a ridiculous idea of what women should look like. The fashion industry is hurting the self image of teens and young women.
  • 14. f) One model had three heart attacks due to her lifestyle but kept on starving herself, binging and purging, and doing other things to stay thin enough to keep her job. At no time did any modeling agency say that she was killing herself and to stop the destructive behavior
  • 15. g) Another model, Isabelle Caro, who died of anorexia nervosa in 2011, reached her goal weight of 55 pounds in 2006. She did everything to the extreme and her body couldn't handle the abuse. She died trying to stay very skinny so she could walk the catwalk.
  • 16. h) Barbie Dolls >The thin and slender bodies of Barbie dolls also affect little girls’ body image. In the past dolls looked like babies so that the children would want to take care of them. But Mattel, a doll-making company ,changed all that when they created Barbie dolls. > Little girls would surely think that grown-up women should look like Barbie dolls.
  • 17. i) Cosmetics, whitening products, accessories The cosmetic industry is a multi-million business. The makers take advantage of the negative body image women have. > The makers of whitening lotions, creams, tablets , injections are making good money because of the discontentment of Asians and Africans
  • 18. j) Airbrushing Pictures of models and celebrities undergo a lot of air brushing or improving an image by concealing defects and modifying everything which seems to be not appealing.
  • 19. k) Cosmetic and Plastic Surgery 1) Cosmetic surgery Surgery that modifies or improves the appearance of a physical feature, irregularity, or defect. 2) Plastic surgery surgery done to repair, restore, or improve lost, injured, defective, or misshapen body parts 3) 195,000 people die because of cosmetic or plastic surgery every year
  • 20. V) What is a Normal Body? a) There is no such thing as a normal body b) How you look is influenced by your parents’ looks, you ethnicity, your environmental conditions and your appetite and your diet. c) Accepting your body is an important part in building a healthy body image.
  • 21. d) Be realistic about your body. You have to accept your body. To accept your body, you need to be realistic about your size and weight. The body mass index (BMI) is a tool that can help you find your healthy wealth range. BMI= weight ( height)²
  • 22. Calculating BMI  A. Multiply your weight in pounds by .45 to get kilograms  B. Convert your height in inches and multiply this number by .0254  C. Multiply your height number by itself  D. Divide this into your weight in kilograms A man weighing 175 pounds and standing 5’9” tall A. 175 x .45= 78.75 B. 5’9” = 69” 69” x .0254= 1.7526 C. 1.7526 x 1.7526 3.0716 D. 78.75/ 3.0716 = 25.64 BMI (Body Mass Index)
  • 23. d) Eat Well and Feel Well 1) Eat a lot of fruits and vegetables everyday in every meal: breakfast, lunch and dinner
  • 24. 2) Eat whole-grain food often • Whole-grain products include whole-grain bread, oatmeal and popcorn
  • 25. 3) Drink a lot of water;milk; green, red or white tea; natural fruit juice or vegetable juice everyday 1)Drink 4-6 glasses of water a day 2)Use a juicer to make fruit or vegetable juice or a blender to make a smoothie 3) Avoid sugary and chemical-laden drinks like colas, sodas, artificial fruit juice, coffee, alcohol, energy drinks like Red Bull, Lipovitan or M150
  • 26. 4) Limit the amount of high-fat food in your diet > These food include french fries, potato chips, donuts and pastries
  • 27. 5) Limit the amount of salty food in your diet Eating food high in salt can make you sluggish. These food include salty snacks like potato or corn chips, salty biscuits and many fast food >
  • 28. e) Move That Body > Be physically active. One hour of exercise daily helps maintain a healthy weight. You can play sports, walk to school if your house is near the school, walk your dog, ride a bicycle, engage in dancing, skating, etc.
  • 29. VI. Eating Disorders 1) Fad Diets >Eating plan that promises quick weight loss with very little effort Require you to buy special products like pills, special drinks or powdered shakes  Can be dangerous because you might not be eating in a healthy way > All the weight you lost will return once you stopped the diet 
  • 30. 2)Eating Disorders  Disease in which a person is overly concerned with his/her body weight or shape  Affects thousands of people in the U.S. every year  Affects people of all people groups, all income levels and both genders but more girls
  • 31. 3) Causes of Eating Disorders a) Depression b) Feeling of lack or control of one’s life c) History of physical or sexual abuse d) Troubled family and personal relationships e) Low self-esteem f) Unhealthy body image
  • 32. 4) Anorexia Nervosa  A disorder in which a person stops eating food because she/he is obsessed with being thin • > People with this disorder usually vomit the food that they eat  Think they are fat though they are thin  Suffer from symptoms such as dry skin, brittle nails, hair loss.  It can be medically treated  If left untreated it may cause permanent damage to body organs  A person may even starve to Valeria Levitin, model from Moscow death
  • 33. 5) Bulimia Nervosa  An eating disorder in which a person is afraid to gain weight, eats a lot of food( binging) and then later get rid of the food before the body can digest it  They are ashamed of themselves and are afraid to get fat so they get rid of the food by purging: by making themselves vomit or by taking laxatives ( medicines that make your have a bowel movement) or diuretics ( medicines that make you urinate)  May over exercise > Can lead to damaged organs and
  • 34. 6) Binge Eating Disorder  An eating disorder in which a person cannot control how much food he/she eats  They do not purge and feel ashamed after binging  Often become overweight  May become obese or extremely overweight  May develop health problems  Including high blood pressure and heart problems