common diseases/disorders of the skeletal system

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common diseases/disorders of the skeletal system

  1. 1. COMMON DISEASES OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM
  2. 2. KYPHOSIS <ul><li>abnormal rounding of the spine that occurs in the upper and middle part of the back </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes of KYPHOSIS <ul><li>Poor posture </li></ul><ul><li>Present at birth </li></ul><ul><li>Run families or genetics </li></ul>
  4. 4. RICKETS <ul><li>bone-softening disease that causes severe bowing of the legs, poor growth, and sometimes muscle pain and weakness </li></ul>
  5. 5. Causes of RICKETS <ul><li>Lack of Vitamin D </li></ul><ul><li>Not enough calcium in one’s diet </li></ul><ul><li>kidney and liver diseases </li></ul>
  6. 6. ARTHRITIS <ul><li>inflammation, swelling, redness of a joint </li></ul>
  7. 7. Causes of ARTHRITIS <ul><li>cartilage is wearing away </li></ul><ul><li>lack of Synovial fluid </li></ul><ul><li>infection </li></ul>
  8. 10. OSTEOPOROSIS <ul><li>bone tissue becomes brittle, thin, and spongy </li></ul>
  9. 11. Causes of OSTEOPOROSIS <ul><li>Hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>History of broken bones </li></ul><ul><li>Low body weight </li></ul>
  10. 13. BONE TUMOR <ul><li>abnormal growth of cells within the bone that may be noncancerous or cancerous </li></ul>
  11. 14. Causes of BONE TUMOR <ul><li>Hereditary </li></ul><ul><li>Radiation </li></ul><ul><li>Trauma </li></ul>
  12. 15. SCOLIOSIS <ul><li>causes the spine to curve to the left or right side </li></ul>
  13. 16. Causes of SCOLIOSIS <ul><li>present at birth </li></ul><ul><li>hereditary </li></ul>
  14. 18. SPRAINS <ul><li>an injury that happens when the ligaments get overly stretched or torn </li></ul>
  15. 20. FRACTURES
  16. 21. <ul><li>Fractures commonly occur when a person has fallen, an object has been dropped on them, or the bone has been twisted </li></ul>
  17. 22. Compound Fracture <ul><li>a fracture in which broken bone fragments lacerate (rip, cut, tear) soft tissue and protrude through an open wound in the skin </li></ul>
  18. 23. Compound Fracture <ul><li>Need immediate treatment (because skin is broken) </li></ul><ul><li>High risk of infection </li></ul><ul><li>An operation is often required to clean the area of the fracture and realign the bone </li></ul>
  19. 24. Compound Fracture <ul><li>Typically caused by high energy injuries such as car crashes, falls, or sport injuries </li></ul>
  20. 25. Compound Fracture (cont.)
  21. 26. Simple Fracture <ul><li>A bone that has broken into two pieces, and has not broken through the skin </li></ul>
  22. 28. Greenstick Fracture <ul><li>is a fracture in </li></ul><ul><li>a young, soft </li></ul><ul><li>bone in which </li></ul><ul><li>the bone bends </li></ul><ul><li>and partially </li></ul><ul><li>breaks (cracks) </li></ul>
  23. 29. Greenstick Fracture <ul><li>Is a type of an incomplete fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t displace the bone </li></ul><ul><li>Often occurs during infancy and childhood when the bones are soft </li></ul>
  24. 30. Greenstick Fracture <ul><li>Is a result of bending forces (falls) </li></ul><ul><li>Could be a result of non-accidental injury (blow on the forearm or shin) </li></ul>
  25. 31. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>Defined as a bone that has been shattered, splintered, or crushed into more than two pieces </li></ul>
  26. 32. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>Occurs when there has been some kind of crushing force on the bone and can happen anywhere along the bone </li></ul><ul><li>It mostly occurs in elderly people or people who already have a bone weakening condition </li></ul>

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