What is political science
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What is political science

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What is political science Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2.
    • What do you know about Politics?
    • Why are you interested?/disinterested/uninterested?
    • Do you think without caring, you are not involved?
  • 3.  
  • 4. What is Political Science?
    • Etymology
    • “ Polis” - city; sovereign state
    • “ scire”- to know; study
    • As a Science- object: understanding of the state, its principles and ideals
    • Body Politic- involvement of people into the political community
    • Relations – of men and groups, mean and groups to the state, and state to other states
  • 5. What is its scope?
    • Political Theory- entire body of doctrines relating to origin, form, behavior, and purposes of a state
    • Public Law- covers constitutional law, administrative law, and international law
    • Public Administration- methods and techniques used in actual management of state affairs by the 3 branches of government
  • 6. Functions and Importance…
    • Discover principles for public affairs;
    • study the operations of government ( for criticisms )
    • Findings and conclusions for practical use
    • Study deals with the concerns of public officials and citizens
  • 7. Goals in the Study of Political Science
    • Education for citizenship
    • Essential parts of liberal education
    • Knowledge and understanding of government
  • 8. Concepts of State and Government
  • 9. What is a State?
    • People
    • Territory
    • Government
    • Sovereignty
    • - internal and external
  • 10. Origin of States
    • Divine right theory – state is a divine creation and the ruler is ordained by God to govern the people
    • Necessity or force theory- state must have been created through force, by some warriors who imposed their will upon the weak
    • Paternalistic theory- state originated from the enlargement of the family….
    • Social contract theory- state must have been formed by deliberate and voluntary compact among the people to form a society and organize government for their common good
  • 11. State vs. Nation
    • State is a political concept, Nation is an ethnic concept
    • State is free from external control, a Nation may not
    • A single State may consist of one or more Nations, and vice-versa
  • 12. State vs. Government
    • State is the Principal, Gov. an agent
    • Government may change; state remains
    • State cannot exist without a government but government can exist without a state
  • 13. Do we need a Government?
    • Advancement of Public
  • 14. Forms of Government
    • As to Number of persons exercising sovereign powers:
    • Monarchy- absolute and limited
    • Aristocracy
    • Democracy- direct and indirect
  • 15.
    • As to extent of powers exercised by central government:
    • Unitary
    • Federal
  • 16.
    • As to the relationship of executive and legislative:
    • Parliamentary
    • Presidential
  • 17. What therefore is the form of government of the Philippines?
  • 18. If you could change the form of government of the Philippines, would you?
  • 19. We temporarily stop here!