Polsci 101
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  • 1. The Study of Political Science
  • 2. What is Political Science
    • Etymology:
    • “ Political” comes from the Greek word “polis” (city; sovereign state)
    • “ Science” comes from Latin word “scire” ( to know )
  • 3.
    • In simple terms:
    • - Political Science is the systematic study of the state and government
  • 4. Further…
    • As a science of politics…deals with basic knowledge and understanding of the state, and the principles and ideals underlying its organization and activities.
    • It’s concerned with the association of human being into the body politic
  • 5.
    • It deals with the relations among men and groups, relations of men and groups to the state itself, and relations of the state to other states
  • 6. Scope of Political Science
    • Political theory
    • Public law:
    • Constitutional law
    • Admin law
    • International law
    • Public Administration
  • 7. Why should a student study political science?
    • Goal:
    • Education for citizenship
    • Essential parts of liberal education
    • Knowledge and understanding of government
  • 8. Concepts of State and Government
  • 9. What is a State
    • It is a community of persons (1) more or less numerous, permanently occupying a definite portion of territory (2), having a government (3) of their own to which the great body of inhabitants render obedience, and enjoying freedom from external control (4 ).
  • 10. Origin of States
    • Divine right theory – state as a divine creation and the ruler is ordained by God.
    • Necessity or force theory- great warriors imposing will upon the weak
  • 11.
    • Paternalistic theory- enlargement of a family which remained under the authority of the father and mother
    • Social contract theory- voluntary compact among the people to form a society and organize government for the common good
  • 12. State vs. Nation
    • political vs. ethnic concept
    • Independence vs. lack thereof
    • State consisting of more than one nation and vice-versa
  • 13. State vs. Government
    • Government is only an agent of the state
    • State cannot exist without government
    • Government may change but the State remains the same
  • 14. Why must there be government?
    • Purpose and necessity of government:
    • Advancement of public welfare-protection and security of people; preservation of the state
    • Consequence of absence- anarchy
  • 15. Forms of Government
    • As to number of persons exercising sovereign powers:
    • Monarchy
    • -absolute
    • -limted
    • Aristocracy
    • Democracy
    • -direct
    • -indirect
  • 16.
    • As to the extent of powers exercised by central or national government:
    • Unitary
    • Federal
  • 17.
    • As to the relationship between executive and legislative branches of government:
    • Parliamentary
    • Presidential
  • 18.