Major Topics Of CP

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Major Topics Of CP

  1. 1. Major Topics of Comparative Politics
  2. 2. First, What is Politics?  It is the process by which communities pursue collective goals and deal with their conflicts authoritatively by means of government.
  3. 3.  More than anything , politics is about how people organize their communities….  The community in CP focuses on national communities, i.e. countries and their national governments.
  4. 4. Goals setting:  Physical security ( of the population and territory )  Material well-being ( improved standard of living )
  5. 5. They could also be:  Maximizing individual freedom  Improving social welfare  Cleaning up the environment  Building powerful military establishments
  6. 6. What about dealing with conflict?  Conflict is asserted as the driving force of politics  Deal through negotiation, bargaining and compromise; or bloody demonstration, terrorism, or outright warfare
  7. 7.  Politics involves “dealing” with conflict not “resolving” it.
  8. 8. Democracy and Authoritarianism  Political History has been dominated by these two regimes  Regime means (also) form of government
  9. 9. In a Democracy:  The essential idea is that the people have the right to determine who governs them, how they make who accountable, and that in democracy, legal limits on government’s authoriy exist.
  10. 10.  Argued by others to encourage too much conflict between social groups, political parties, and other competitors in the democratic process; freedom undermines unity and promotes a level of disorder bordering on chaos.
  11. 11. Authoritarianism:  Dictatorship  Places government officials above the people  People have little ( or none at all ) say on who governs them
  12. 12.  The idea of authoritarianism is particularly attractive to rulers who believe that the vast majority of people are too ignorant, too selfish or too incompetent to govern themselves wisely, ERGO, they need strong dictators to tell them what to do.
  13. 13.  Dictatorial rule is necessary to maintain domestic order and discourage potential aggressors ( advanced by Adolph Hitler )
  14. 14. Several different types of Authoritarianism  Traditional monarchy ( oldest )  Dictatorship ( like that of Hitler )  Military high command ( Myanmar )
  15. 15. P o l I t I c a l P r o c e s s
  16. 16. Broadly, Political Process consists of:  Bargaining  Coercion
  17. 17. Bargaining…  A process in which individuals and groups pursue their goals and deal with their conflicts through direct negotiation or indirect forms of exchange  This is a relatively peaceful process
  18. 18. Coercion…  Means the use of force or the threat to use it.
  19. 19. How are they related to Democracy and Authoritarian regimes?
  20. 20. Both…  Employ bargaining and coercion in their political process  Democracies tend to favor bargaining ( voting as an example ); however democracies also engage in coercion ( enforcement of law )
  21. 21.  Autoritarian regimes are strongly oriented toward coercion( outright force, i.e. intimidation and terror to stay in power )  They also sometimes engage in bargaining ( i.e providing social welfare to gain approval from people, power sharing with another to stay in power )

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