Cultural variability

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Cultural variability

  1. 1. Cultural Variability
  2. 2. “ the range of variations between cultures is almost endless and yet at the same time cultures resemble one another in many important ways” -Dean Champion and Associates
  3. 3. Cultural Universals vs. Cultural Variations
  4. 4. Cultural Universals <ul><li>These are traits that are part of every known culture </li></ul><ul><li>This includes bodily adornment, courtship, dancing, education, food taboos, funeral rites, etc…. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Cultural Universals give rise to: <ul><li>Ethnocentrism </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Relativity/Relativism </li></ul>
  6. 6. Ethnocentrism <ul><li>The practice of judging another culture by the standards of one’s own culture </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnocentrism leads to discrimination </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnocentrism is a two-way street according to Dorothy Lee </li></ul>
  7. 7. Cultural Relativity <ul><li>William Graham Sumner- there is no universal moral standards of right and wrong, and good and bad for evaluating cultural phenomena </li></ul><ul><li>-standards are relative to the culture in which they appear </li></ul><ul><li>The practice of evaluating a culture by its own standards/ judging behavior according to cultural context </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Chinoy: </li></ul><ul><li>“ because of cultural diversity within and between societies, the sole judge of a culture’s value are the people in the societies themselves.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Other Concepts of Cultural Significance <ul><li>Subcultures </li></ul><ul><li>Culture shock </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural lag </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Dualism </li></ul>

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