Concept of Constitution

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Concept of Constitution

  1. 1. CONCEPT OF CONSTITUTION
  2. 2. <ul><li>The constitution refers to “that body of rules and principles in accordance with which the powers of sovereignty are regularly exercised” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Nature and Purpose or Function of the Constitution <ul><li>Serves as the supreme fundamental law </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes basic framework and underlying principles of government </li></ul>
  4. 4. Kinds of Constitution <ul><li>Origin and History: </li></ul><ul><li>a. conventional of enacted </li></ul><ul><li>b. cumulative or evolved </li></ul><ul><li>Form: </li></ul><ul><li>a. written </li></ul><ul><li>b. unwritten </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Manner of amending: </li></ul><ul><li>a. rigid or inelastic </li></ul><ul><li>b. flexible or elastic </li></ul>
  6. 6. What do you think is a better constitution? <ul><li>Advantage and disadvantage of a written constitution: </li></ul><ul><li>Clearness and definiteness; stable </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult to amend </li></ul>
  7. 7. What makes a good written constitution? <ul><li>Requisites… </li></ul><ul><li>I. form: </li></ul><ul><li>-brief </li></ul><ul><li>-broad </li></ul><ul><li>-definite </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Contents: </li></ul><ul><li>-constitution of government </li></ul><ul><li>-constitution of liberty </li></ul><ul><li>-constitution of sovereignty </li></ul>
  9. 9. Constitution vs. Statute <ul><li>Constitution </li></ul><ul><li>-direct legislation from people </li></ul><ul><li>- General framework of law and government </li></ul><ul><li>Statute </li></ul><ul><li>-legislation from the people’s representative </li></ul><ul><li>-provides details of subject it treats </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>-intended to meet existing and future conditions </li></ul><ul><li>-supreme fundamental law </li></ul><ul><li>Intended primarily to meet existing conditions </li></ul><ul><li>- Statutes must conform to the constitution </li></ul>
  11. 11. Who has the power to interpret the constitution? <ul><li>Primarily rests on the court ( Supreme Court for constitutional questions ) </li></ul><ul><li>But the following can also interpret: </li></ul><ul><li>- Individuals ONLY insofar as guiding his own actions and dealings with others </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>the executive and legislative for instances when responsibilities to interpret has been charged upon them </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why interpret the constitution? <ul><li>To ascertain and give effect to the INTENT of the framers and of the people who adopted or approved it or its amendments </li></ul>
  14. 14. Constitutions of the Philippines <ul><li>The 1935 constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The 1973 constitution </li></ul><ul><li>The 1987 constitution ( this is what is enforced/effective right now!) </li></ul>

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