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Urban systems contain assets of high value, complex and interdependent infrastructure networks. These infrastructure networks are critical for the continuity of economic activities as well as for the people’s basic living needs. Hotspot buildings are essential nodes in critical infrastructure on which urban areas depend for their functioning. This article evaluates the feasibility and effectiveness of several concepts of flood proofing vulnerable hotspots buildings. For this purpose a design tool has been made to assist designers and decision makers in selecting and evaluating flood proofing concepts. Flood characteristics, building characteristics and location characteristics are used as input for the evaluation of the effectiveness of flood proofing hotspots with regard to costs and other relevant aspects.