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The Deep Structure Of Cultures
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The Deep Structure Of Cultures

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    The Deep Structure Of Cultures The Deep Structure Of Cultures Presentation Transcript

    • The Deep Structure of Cultures: Roots of Reality Elly and Grace
    • Content Introduction 1 The Deep Structure of Culture 2 Family 3 History 4
    • Introduction
      • Why do some cultures frantically cling to youth, whereas others welcome old age and even death?
      • Why do some cultures seek material possessions, while others believe they are hindrance to a peaceful life?
    • Introduction
      • We believe the source of how a culture views the world can be found in its [ deep structures ] .
    • Introduction Unifies a culture Makes each culture unique Explains the how and why behind a culture’s collective action deep structures
    • Introduction Sate (community) family Worldview (religion) The three most influential social organizations that make up a culture’s deep structures are: deep structures
    • Introduction
      • Basic elements of every culture
      • The “ essential components of modern life ”
      • Form the roots of every culture
    • The Deep Structure of Culture Deep structures institutions carry a culture’s most important belief Deep structures institutions and their message endure Deep structures institutions and their message are deeply felt Deep structures institutions Supply much of our identity The Deep Structure of Culture
    • The Deep Structure of Culture
      • Deep structures institutions carry a culture’s most important belief
      • The three deep structure institutions help you to make major decisions and choices regarding how to live your life.
      • In short, the issues in life fall under the domain of family , community and church .
    • The Deep Structure of Culture
      • Deep structures institutions and their message endure
      • These institutions are important because they endure .
      • The enduring quality of a major institutions of culture, and the messages they carry, is one of the ways in which cultures are preserved .
    • The Deep Structure of Culture
      • Deep structures institutions and their message are deeply felt
      • The content generated by these institutions, and the institutions themselves arouses deep and emotional feelings .
      • Regardless of the culture, in any hierarchy of cultural values we should find love of family, God and country at the top of the list.
    • The Deep Structure of Culture
      • Deep structures institutions Supply much of our identity
      • One of the most important responsibilities of any culture is to assist it members in forming their identities .
      • We are not born with an identity. We learn our identities - who we are – through socialization.
    • Family
    • History
      • History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time; it illumines reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life, and bring us tidings of antiquity.
      • Cicero
    • History
      • Historical events help explain the character of a culture .
      • Two assumptions:
      • What a culture seeks to remember and pass on to the next generation tell us about the character of that culture .
    • History
      • United States History
    • History
      • Russian History
    • History
      • Consider the past and you will know the present.
      • Chinese History
      • Chinese history is important not only because it is a source of such great pride of the Chinese people , but many of the current values and beliefs of the Chinese remain grounded in the tradition of their history.
    • History
      • Chinese clan and family being more important than state.
      • Chinese History
      • The values of merit and learning .
      - education became a highly value part of early Chinese society.
    • History
      • Tokugawa or Edo period(1600-1867)
      • Japanese History
      • Japanese society was divided into four specific, hierarchical groups: samurai , farmer , artisan and merchant .
    • History
      • Loyalty
      • Japanese History
      • Feudalism
      - Demonstrate loyalty and dedication to school, company and in-groups. Ex: lifetime employment.
    • History
      • World War II
      • Japanese History
      - At the end of the war, Japan’s industrial and military capacity was virtually nonexistent. - Japanese characteristics like national identity, hardworking make Japan become one of the world’s leading economies.
    • History The pre-Columbian period The invasion by Spain Independence from Spain The Mexican-American War The Revolution Modern Mexico
      • Mexican History
    • History
      • The pre-Columbian period
      • Mexican History
      • Olmec, Maya, Toltec and Aztec
      • Maya: the concept of zero and the world’s first calendars.
      • Aztec: they believe themselves the chosen people of the sun and war gods.
    • History
      • The invasion by Spain
      • Mexican History
      • The introduction of Catholicism in Mexico
      • The development of a rigid social class
      • Spain’s occupation of Mexico resulted in large tracts of land being turned over to Spanish nobles, priest, and soldiers.
    • History
      • Independence from Spain
      • Mexican History
      • Mexico became a federal republic under its own constitution in 1824.
    • History
      • The Mexican-American War
      • Mexican History
      • The territory of Texas declared its dependence from Mexico.
      • The war ended in 1848. Mexico ceded 55% of its territory. (AZ, CA, NM, TX and parts of CO, NV and UT)
      • The relationship between Latin American and the US are often marred by suspicion and distrust.
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    • History
      • The Revolution
      • Mexican History
      • 90% mestizos and Indians were still suffered from poor.
      • It was an effort to bring about social change and equality for all Mexicans.
      • Return to local customs and tradition and break away from European “ culture and standards .”
    • History
      • Modern Mexico
      • Mexican History
      • Maquiladora 保稅加工出口廠
      • the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) 北美自由貿易協定
    • History
      • Two Wounds
      • Mexican History
      • Illegal Mexican immigrants issue.
      • The proposition in 1994. Deny education and health services to immigrants who enter the state without proper documentation.
    • History
      • Muslims now constitute approximately one-fifth of the world’s population.
      • History of Islamic Civilization
      • Islam is the predominant religion of most nation of North Africa , the Middle East , and several South Asia and Southeast Asia .
      • Islam is the world’s second largest religion , and will soon be the second largest religion in America.
      • The world’s fourth most populous nation, Indonesia, is home to almost 200 million Muslims.
    • History
      • Two major factions of Islam: Sunni and Shiite
      • History of Islamic Civilization
      • Sunnis represent over 85 percent of all Muslims and Shiite composes 13-14 percent .
      • Sunnis believe the leader of Islam should be determined by who is best qualified to lead .
      • Shiite contend that leadership should be a function to heredity, through lineage traced back to Muhammad.
    • History
      • History of Islamic Civilization
      • Sunnis believe the leader of Islam should be determined by who is best qualified to lead .
      • Shiite contend that leadership should be a function to heredity, through lineage traced back to Muhammad.
      • The two group see themselves divided not by ideology but by a question of politics .
    • The Omayyad Caliphate (661-750 A.D.) The Omayyad Empire at its greatest extent
    • The Abbasid Caliphate (749-1258) Abbasid Caliphate at its greatest extent
    • History
      • The seat of government was moved to Baghdad
      • The Abbasid Caliphate (749-1258)
      • Baghdad became the one of the world’s most important cities.
      • As a result of political decline , agriculture failure , and the raise of numerous independent Islamic dynasties in other region , the Abbasid Caliphate empire had become decentralized.
    • History
      • The seat of both Christianity and Judaism without religious prejudice. .
      • Jerusalem
      • This tolerance was ended in the early 11th century with the arrival of the Seljuk Turks .
      • First Crusade: Pope Urban, in 1095
      • I n the 12th century, Saladin retook the control of Jerusalem.
    • History
      • The final caliphate.
      • The Ottoman Empire
      • Ruled Islam for more than six hundreds years.
    •  
    • History
      • The Muslims have their own Pride because they believe Islam represented “ the most advanced civilization in the word . ”
      • They get unfair treatment from the Western powers, especially in regard to the Palestinian problem . They start to call for a return to the golden age of Islam Civilization.
      • Whatever our own history and culture, it bears an Islamic influence .
    • Conclusion
      • The sacred trinity – God , family , and country .
    • Thank You !