(文化研究 第4組)Final Project Revised By Jenny & Andrew

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(文化研究 第4組)Final Project Revised By Jenny & Andrew

  1. 1. The Comparison of Food Culture in Indonesia and Malaysia- A Case Study of Two Overseas Compatriot Students’ Perspectives Instructor : Dr. Su Presenters : Andrew & Jenny Date: Jan. 8, 2009
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>I. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Ⅱ . Literature review </li></ul><ul><li>Ⅲ . Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Ⅳ . Results </li></ul><ul><li>Ⅴ . Conclusion & Reflection </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>With the good quality of the life, modern people prefer to enjoy life in their leisure time and generally people who have the financial budget with a growing desire to travel to new and exotic places (Seidl, 1994). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Statement of the Problems <ul><li>The research in the field of food culture has transformed from cookery, food history, food consumption, food technology to food safety ( Barber, 1973; Damico, 1996) , however there is little study conducted on the food culture comparison . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Purposes of the Study <ul><li>to investigate the factors affect on food habits of the two different countries </li></ul><ul><li>to explore the relationship between festival, food and culture. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Research Questions <ul><li>What are the effects of food habits toward the daily life in Indonesia and Malaysia? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the relationship between festival ,food and culture ? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Literature Review <ul><li>The cuisines of Southeast Asia have many ingredients in common, but food preparation methods and meal patterns may reveal the different cultures because they have been influenced by each nation (Kittler & Sucher, 2004). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Literature Review <ul><li>Factors affect human food preferences include physiological characteristics, knowledge of nutrition, income, occupation, education, the belief of religion, ethnical characteristics, countryside/city and health cognition ( 張玉欣 & 楊秀萍 ,2004) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Methodology <ul><li>Participants </li></ul><ul><li>Instruments </li></ul><ul><li>Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Data Collection & Analysis </li></ul>
  10. 10. Participants <ul><li>An Indonesia Overseas Compatriot Student </li></ul><ul><li>Study in Chaoyang University </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Leisure, Creation and Tourism Management </li></ul><ul><li>Speak 4 languages </li></ul><ul><li>(Chinese, English, Indonesian & Fujian Hua) </li></ul><ul><li>An Malaysian Overseas Compatriot Student </li></ul><ul><li>Study in Chaoyang University </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Visual Communication Design </li></ul><ul><li>Speak 3 languages </li></ul><ul><li>(Chinese, English & Malay) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Instruments <ul><li>Semi-structural interview </li></ul><ul><li>Interview questions (7) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Procedure of the Study Literature review Research q’s (2) Interview q’s (7) 2 participants Interview (80 mins) Tape-recorded Interview (80 mins) Tape-recorded transcription coding
  13. 13. Data Collection & Analysis <ul><li>Tape- recorded </li></ul><ul><li>Transcription </li></ul><ul><li>Coding  analysis </li></ul>
  14. 14. Results-1 <ul><li>Q1: What are the effects of food habits toward the daily life in Indonesia and Malaysia? </li></ul><ul><li>The climate of geographic regions, cuisine styles, beliefs of religion and racial food heritage may affect on the food habits of two countries. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Results-2 <ul><li>Q2: What is the relationship between festival ,food and culture ? </li></ul><ul><li>There was a strong relationship between food and culture, however the relationship between festival and food culture was not significant. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>During the interview, the participants did not provide the direct answers to the interview questions, however some of their responses reveal their culture identity. </li></ul><ul><li>Self-identity is a significant factor in the development of food habits (Rozin, 1996) </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reflection <ul><li>Andrew’s reflection </li></ul><ul><li>Jenny’s reflection </li></ul>
  18. 18. Thank you for your attention.

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