Nuclear energy and its politics

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An insight into the politics of promoting Nuclear Power in India at a time when the developed countries are giving up Nuclear Power

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Nuclear energy and its politics

  1. 1. Can Nuclear Power be a short-cut to ‘Development’
  2. 2. The Japan Nuclear Disaster At Fukushima Nuclear Plant
  3. 3. Plant Name: Fukushiam Dai-ichiPlant Capacity: 4,696 MW
  4. 4. The Impact• Sea Water, Milk and Green Vegetables radioactive FOREVER!• Ground Water radioactive• Fishing stopped in 20 km radius• A huge area near the plant can NEVER be inhabited by humans• Deaths, diseases & deformities due to radiation will be understood in the years to come!• Evacuated people returning back to their homes as NO OTHER PLACE TO GO! • To lead a radioactive life
  5. 5. How Nuclear Energy Works Radiation at EVERY STAGE
  6. 6. Fuel EnrichmentUranium Mining Power Generation Waste Disposal RADIATION INCREASES multifold at each stage!
  7. 7. Radioactive Waste• Generated at each stage - Mining, Enrichment, Power Generation – Waste from Enrichment has been used in Depleted Uranium (DU) bombs used in Iraq• 21st century science CAN’T HANDLE Nuclear Waste Disposal – Waste contaminates (beyond scope for inhabitation) a huge area in its vicinity for 1000’s of years What about the Is it Safe? Environment & People?
  8. 8. Radiation Contaminates Always• Even if there is NO NUCLEAR ACCIDENT – Around a Uranium Mine – Around an Enrichment Facility – Around a Nuclear Plant – Around Nuclear Waste An area of 30-35 km radius gets contaminated by nuclear radiation regularly!
  9. 9. Radiation Spares Nothing• Impacts Vegetation - Agriculture – Trees near Jaduguda Uranium Mines have DEFORMED SEEDS – Agricultural produce is bound to carry unacceptable amounts of radioactive content• Impacts Animals – Radioactive Boars on the rise in Germany (thanks to Chernobyl)• Impacts Human Beings
  10. 10. Nuclear Accidents Are Worse!• Chernobyl : An area of 1,00,000 sq km is UNINHABITABLE for 20,000 years. FOREVER. Date: 26 April 1986 Plant Capacity: 900 MW
  11. 11. Nuclear ‘Meltdown’ in the USA• Three Mile Island, Pennsylvania: Happened in 1979 due to meltdown of fuel rods• Health effects mostly unstudied or kept clandestine
  12. 12. Impact of Nuclear Radiation on Humans • Cancer in the next 2 to 60 years • Deformed babies - FOREVER! The pictures that follow may be disturbingJump to Existing Nuclear Plants in India only if you are extremely weak-hearted
  13. 13. No Dose of Radiation is Safe! • There is no safe level of radionuclide exposure, whether from food, water or other sources. Period. Dr Jeff Patterson DO, Physicians for Social Responsibility We DO NOT X-Ray pregnant women! Any detectable fallout can kill
  14. 14. 40 Years Old Uranium Mines in Jaduguda, Jharkhand
  15. 15. Near Rawatbhata Power Plant Near Kota, Rajasthan
  16. 16. After Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster 1986
  17. 17. After American Bombing in IraqDepleted Uranium (DU) Bombs made out of The Waste from Uranium Enrichment
  18. 18. Semey: USSR’s Nuclear Testing Site During Cold War
  19. 19. And So…• America - No new Nuclear Plant in the last 40 years• Australia - Never built a Nuclear Plant• Germany - on its way to abandon all 17 Nuclear Plants Still Nuclear Plants are being pushed in India
  20. 20. Existing Nuclear Plants in India Before the Indo-US Nuclear Deal
  21. 21. Narora, UP - 440 MW Rawatbhata, Raj - 2,580 MWKakrapar, Gujarat - 1,840 MWTarapur, Mah - 1,400 MW Kaiga, Karnataka - 880 MW Kalpakkam, TN - 940 MW
  22. 22. Accidents in Small PlantsKumhariya, Haryana 2,800 MW Narora, UP - 440 MW Rawatbhata, Raj - 2,580 MW Bargi, MP 1,400 MWKakrapar, Gujarat - 1,840 MWTarapur, Mah - 1,400 MW Kaiga, Karnataka - 880 MW Kalpakkam, TN - 940 MW
  23. 23. Proposed Nuclear Plants in India After the Indo-US Nuclear Deal
  24. 24. Kumhariya, Haryana 2,800 MW Narora, UP - 440 MW Rawatbhata, Raj - 2,580 MW Bargi, MP 1,400 MW Kakrapar, Gujarat - 1,840 MWMithi Virdi, Gujarat Haripur, WB 8,000 MW 10,000 MW Tarapur, Mah - 1,400 MW Kovvada, AP Jaitapur, Mah 8,000 MW 9,900 MW Kaiga, Karnataka - 880 MW Kalpakkam, TN - 940 MW Koodankulam , TN 9,200 MW
  25. 25. Approximate Impact Area of Nuclear Accidents In India
  26. 26. Accident in 1 Big Plant Kumhariya, Haryana 2,800 MW Narora, UP - 440 MW Rawatbhata, Raj - 2,580 MW Bargi, MP 1,400 MW Kakrapar, Gujarat - 1,840 MWMithi Virdi, Gujarat Haripur, WB 8,000 MW 10,000 MW Tarapur, Mah - 1,400 MW Kovvada, AP Jaitapur, Mah 8,000 MW 9,900 MW Kaiga, Karnataka - 880 MW Kalpakkam, TN - 940 MW Koodankulam , TN 9,200 MW
  27. 27. Accident in 1 Big Plant Kumhariya, Haryana 2,800 MW Narora, UP - 440 MW Rawatbhata, Raj - 2,580 MW Bargi, MP 1,400 MW Kakrapar, Gujarat - 1,840 MWMithi Virdi, Gujarat Haripur, WB 8,000 MW 10,000 MW Tarapur, Mah - 1,400 MW Kovvada, AP Jaitapur, Mah 8,000 MW 9,900 MW Kaiga, Karnataka - 880 MW Kalpakkam, TN - 940 MW Koodankulam , TN 9,200 MW
  28. 28. Accident in 1 Big Plant Kumhariya, Haryana 2,800 MW Narora, UP - 440 MW Rawatbhata, Raj - 2,580 MW Bargi, MP 1,400 MW Kakrapar, Gujarat - 1,840 MWMithi Virdi, Gujarat Haripur, WB 8,000 MW 10,000 MW Tarapur, Mah - 1,400 MW Kovvada, AP Jaitapur, Mah 8,000 MW 9,900 MW Kaiga, Karnataka - 880 MW Kalpakkam, TN - 940 MW Koodankulam , TN 9,200 MW
  29. 29. Nuclear Plants in Super Power India Kumhariya, Haryana 2,800 MW Narora, UP - 440 MW Rawatbhata, Raj - 2,580 MW Bargi, MP 1,400 MW Kakrapar, Gujarat - 1,840 MWMithi Virdi, Gujarat Haripur, WB 8,000 MW 10,000 MW Tarapur, Mah - 1,400 MW Kovvada, AP Jaitapur, Mah 8,000 MW 9,900 MW Kaiga, Karnataka - 880 MW Kalpakkam, TN - 940 MW Koodankulam , TN 9,200 MW
  30. 30. Can you imagine the massive loss of Human Lives, Forests, Agriculture, Animals, Economic Activities? For 1000’s of years!
  31. 31. • Switch Off Nuclear Power • It is obvious that the cost-benefit ratio is adverse • The risk-benefit ratio is also adverse G V RamakrishnaFormer Member for Energy, The Planning Commission The question to be asked is whether it is worthwhile for the country to take such a high risk for adding about 5% of our power needs?
  32. 32. OK, If Not Nuclear Then What? Feeding Electricity to the Super Power in making…
  33. 33. Improving Existing Energy Efficiency • India can save 30-40% of its electricity deficit by simple Conservation techniques – Improving the efficiency of existing power plants (we are way behind international standards at the moment) – Decentralizing electricity generation to reduce long distance transmission losses • Small power plants scattered all over rather than HUGE plants at a few locations The cost of implementing these Efficiency ImprovementMeasures is MUCH LESS THAN that of setting up New Plants
  34. 34. Conserving Electricity• We can save 30% of the increased demand of electricity by 2013 by using energy efficient electrical infrastructure at home – Fans, Incandescent Bulbs, Tube Lights – Refrigerators, ACs, Air Coolers – Electric Water Heaters – Computers, TVs, DVD Players, Set-Top-Boxes (active mode)
  35. 35. Use Renewable Sources• They are Cheap Spend the millions & billions on• They are Unlimited research of Renewable Energy rather than on Nuclear !• They don’t Kill• They are ‘un-researched’ America is the world’s largest producer of Wind Power Solar Energy has the potential to feed Earth 1000 times Solar Water Heaters in Bangalore save 900 MW of peak load. Already!
  36. 36. India’s Electricity ScenarioGovernment declares• Projected energy by all Nuclear Plants = just 60,000 MW – Hardly 10% of the electricity deficit
  37. 37. Why RISK Indian lives for just 10% of Electricity?
  38. 38. The Potential of Renewable Sources• Latest studies indicate that Wind Energy & Solar Energy hold the keys to sustainable development!
  39. 39. Government of India statistics point out that potentialof Renewable Sources in India is about 1,35,000 MW
  40. 40. The Politics of Nuclear Power in India Ever heard of a lucrative Wind or Solar Scientist job?
  41. 41. Why is Nuclear Power Promoted in India? • Current energy policies are designed to benefit foreign MNCsNewspapers admit that THEY ARE HERE FOR A $40 BN BUSINESS
  42. 42. Why is Nuclear Power Promoted in India?• Profit for MNCs who will provide reactor designs• Commission for Indian Politicians, Intellectuals, ScientistsInvestment at the9,900 WM Jaitapur Rs 10,00,00,00,00,00,000 Nuclear Plant One Lakh Crores only!
  43. 43. Why is Renewable Energy Unknown?• Very less or No Scope for Investment (read profit)• Giants MNCs in the Nuclear Power sector are too strong to let the Renewable Energy sector grow – And hence, almost No Solar or Wind Scientists
  44. 44. Why SPOIL Indian lives for their Profit?
  45. 45. And Our Government’s Gift for US• The Nuclear Civil Liabilities Bill by our government says that: Any foreign company WILL NOT be held liable for any nuclear accidents on Indian soil, whatsoever They WILL NOT pay any Compensation We CAN NOT sue them in Indian or Foreign courts
  46. 46. The World Has Started Protesting Nuclear Energy
  47. 47. The ‘West’ is Disowning Nuclear Power• Most American common people are against Nuclear Power – Major concerns: • Continuous radiation emitted in normal functioning of Nuclear Plants • Nuclear Waste disposal • Threats of nuclear accidents• Australia has never built a Nuclear Power Plant!
  48. 48. After Japan, Germany says NO to Nuclear• 7 out of 17 Nuclear Plants to be shut• Remaining 10 to be decommissioned soon
  49. 49. Germans on Fire!• 2,00,000 strong protests all over Germany to demand Shut Down of ALL Nuclear Plants• Biggest Anti-Nuclear protest in the history of Germany
  50. 50. Protests in Bulgaria• Hundreds protest Russia-backed nuclear project in Sofia, Bulgaria
  51. 51. About Jaitapur Nuclear Plant Jaitapur: A Jewel of Konkan
  52. 52. About the Jaitapur Plant• 9,900 MW• World’s biggest ever!• French company Areva is selling its UNTESTED reactors Jaitapur, Kokan, Maharashtra
  53. 53. Potential Impacts of Jaitapur Plant• Impacts if NO ACCIDENT – Around 10,00,000 liters of Sea Water to be contaminated DAILY – Radioactive pollution of Konkan’s Mangoes, Cashew Nuts, Kokam, Rice and Fish FOREVER! – Around 50 villages to be effected by routine radiation leaks• Impacts after a Serious Accident – Maharashtra will have to evacuated FOREVER – Radioactive pollution of Mumbai, Pune FOREVER – Agriculture & Fisheries will be destroyed PERMANENTLYJaitapur - 92 Earthquakes in 20 years!
  54. 54. People are Fighting to Save Us• American, English, Finnish & French nuclear scientists have identified 3000 faults in Areva’s design
  55. 55. People are Fighting to Save Us
  56. 56. Protests @ Jaitapur
  57. 57. Protests @ Jaitapur
  58. 58. All Forms of Democratic Protest IGNORED and SUPPRESSEDIs India’s Democracy Sleeping ???
  59. 59. Police Repressing Innocent Villagers Police making death-threats to villagers for not accepting compensation cheques
  60. 60. Mumbai High Court’s Indifference• Activists & (pro-people) Scientists proposed a Public Hearing to debate the pros and cons of Nuclear Plants• Government Officials & Scientists were invited for debate• Mumbai High Court rejected permission for the same
  61. 61. Our Nuclear Scientists Also Betraying Us • Jaitapur safe from Tsunami and Earthquakes • Indian Nuclear Reactors are safe • Radiation is also used to cure Cancer Dr Anil KakodkarFormer Chairman, AEC• We need to worry less on account of (possible accidents) in nuclear power stations than while walking or driving on the streets of Delhi• So far only 55 people have died on account of Dr Srikumar Banerjee nuclear radiation or accidents; 1 in India Director, AEC Secretary, DAE
  62. 62. Protests @ Gujarat Nuclear Plant Protestors stall government officials from doing land survey!
  63. 63. Wondering What You Can Do About This?• Understand the politics of promoting Nuclear Power in India• Spread awareness about this massive public betrayal• Attend the nearest anti-nuclear protests• Get attached with activists groups in your vicinity• Organize people to pressurize government for rational policies Become a Campaigner today!
  64. 64. An Anti-Nuclear Power Rally in Pune
  65. 65. ReferencesMost of these facts are almost hidden in the Main Stream Media
  66. 66. References• Fukushima accident impact – http://english.aljazeera.net/news/asia-pacific/2011/03/201133144337292491.html# – http://www.countercurrents.org/kyodo310311.htm – http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20110405x1.html• Use of Depleted Uranium (DU) bombs in Iraq – http://www.cadu.org.uk/oldindex.htm• Effect of Radioactivity on Animals – http://chairforcengineer.blogspot.com/2010/08/radioactive-boar-on-rise-in-germany.html – http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/NA014423.html• Nuclear Disaster at Chernobyl – http://hyperphysics.phy-astr.gsu.edu/hbase/nucene/cherno.html#c4 – http://www.our-energy.com/chernobyl_disaster.html• Nuclear ‘Meltdown’ in the USA – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three_Mile_Island_accident• No Dose of Radiation is Safe – http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=24147• Impact of Nuclear Radiation on Humans: Photos – Simple Google search• Existing Nuclear Plants in India – http://www.npcil.nic.in/main/RTI_Doc01.aspx
  67. 67. References• Proposed Nuclear Plants in India – http://www.npcil.nic.in/main/RTI_Doc01.aspx• Approximate Impact Area of Nuclear Accidents in India – Author’s approximation based on information from Chernobyl disaster• “Switch Off Nuclear Power” Planning Commission G V Ramakrishna statement – http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/opinion/guest-writer/switch-off-nuclear- power/articleshow/7841147.cms• Americans’ opinion on Nuclear Power – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_power_in_america – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-nuclear_movement_in_the_United_States• India can save 30-40% of its electricity deficit by simple conservation techniques – As on March 2010: CEA, http://www.cea.nic.in – A Shyam, “Energy Efficiency options for thermal power plants in India”, Jan 21, 2010, http://www.energycentral.com – Shankar Sharma, “Power sector reforms: a pilot study on Karnataka”, http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in• We can save 30% increased demand of electricity by 2013 by using energy efficient electrical infrastructure at home – Girish Sant et.al., “Energy saving potential in Indian households from improved appliance efficiency”, March 2010, http://www.prayaspune.org
  68. 68. References• America is the largest producer of Wind Power – “Wind Power”, http://en.wikipedia.org; http://www.wwindea.org/home/index.php• Potential of Solar Energy – Union of Concerned Scientists, “How solar energy works”, http://www.ucsusa.org• Bangalore’s use of Solar Water Heaters – Y. B. Ramakrishna (Chairman of Taskforce on Bio-fuels, Government of Karnataka), Keynote address at workshop on: “Renewable Energy: Employment & Entrepreneurial opportunities”, June 6-7 2009, Mangalore• Table of electricity scenario in India – Data from Integrated Energy Policy, 2006, http://planningcommission.nic.in - p. xiii• Potential of Wind and Solar Energy in India – http://www.wise-cleanenergy.info/green-energy/GE-May-June09.pdf , p. 18• Investment at Jaitapur Nuclear Plant – http://www.blonnet.com/2010/11/29/stories/2010112952080300.htm• Problems with the Nuclear Civil Liabilities Bill, 2010 – http://environmentpress.in/experts-talk/the-civil-liability-for-nuclear-damage-bill-2010-some- tentative-observations/
  69. 69. References• Anti-nuclear protests in Germany – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-12872695 – http://www.huffingtonpost.com/katie-engelhart/post_1872_b_840877.html• Anti-nuclear protests in Bulgaria – http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5is79q0vSecm937IIydi3x8Ise6yw?docId=CNG.05699da f45628fa5b4755fac509ba9e5.441• Earthquakes in Jaitapur – http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-03-16/india/28699015_1_jaitapur-nuclear-power-plant- earthquake• Untested reactors by Areva; 3000 faults in design – http://www.prafulbidwai.org/index.php?post/2011/01/26/Down-the-nuclear-tube-in-Jaitapur• Mumbai High Court statement on People’s Court – http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2011-03-05/mumbai/28658829_1_retired-judges-jaitapur-high- court
  70. 70. References• Statements by Anil Kakodkar, former chief of AEC – http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2011-03-14/news/28688237_1_japan-nuclear- blast-nuclear-reactors-anil-kakodkar – http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Jaitapur-safe-from-tsunami-says- Kakodkar/articleshow/7706325.cms – http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/article1537460.ece• Statements by Srikumar Banerjee, chief of AEC – http://www.indianexpress.com/news/tarapur-reactor-like-japans-but-safer-atomic-energy- chief/763561
  71. 71. Thank You! for your valuable timePlease FORWARD this to all sensible souls!

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