Demographics of Senior and Veteran Housing in Rural America - Housing Assistance Council
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Demographics of Senior and Veteran Housing in Rural America - Housing Assistance Council

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Keith Wiley of HAC presents demographic data on rural seniors and veterans and their housing. Presentation from the Housing Assistance Councils symposium "Housing Seniors & Veterans in Rural America: ...

Keith Wiley of HAC presents demographic data on rural seniors and veterans and their housing. Presentation from the Housing Assistance Councils symposium "Housing Seniors & Veterans in Rural America: Preservation, Development and Services" in Council Bluffs, IA on August 28-29, 2013

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Demographics of Senior and Veteran Housing in Rural America - Housing Assistance Council Demographics of Senior and Veteran Housing in Rural America - Housing Assistance Council Presentation Transcript

  • A DEMOGRAPHIC SNAPSHOT OF RURAL SENIORS AND THEIR HOMES Housing Assistance Council AGING IN  RURAL AMERICA 0 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 60,000,000 70,000,000 80,000,000 90,000,000 100,000,000 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 Population Age 65 and Over Housing Seniors and Veterans in Rural America: Preservation,  Development and Services Conference August 2013 Council Bluffs, Iowa
  • RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 Percent Age 65 and Over U.S. Senior Population 1900 – 2050*  THE WAVE IS COMING U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce. Projections of the Population by Age and Sex for the United States: 2010 to 2050. *population projection
  • RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES 0 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 60,000,000 70,000,000 80,000,000 90,000,000 100,000,000 0.00% 5.00% 10.00% 15.00% 20.00% 25.00% 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 Percent Age 65 and OverU.S. Senior Population 1900 – 2050*  THE WAVE IS COMING U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce. Projections of the Population by Age and Sex for the United States: 2010 to 2050. *population projection
  • 4 Rural & Small Town Tracts RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES
  • THE DEMOGRAPHICS OF AGING IN RURAL AMERICA
  • 37 40 35.5 36 36.5 37 37.5 38 38.5 39 39.5 40 40.5 U.S. Rural & Small Town Median Age Median Age by Location,  2010 6 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES RURAL AMERICA IS OLDER THAN THE NATION AS A WHOLE HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Census of Population and Housing.
  • 7 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES
  • 13.0% 15.7% 12.9% 11.5% 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% 18.0% U.S. Rural & Small Town Suburban  & Exurban Urban Percent of the Population Population Age 65 or Over, 2010 8 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Census of Population and Housing. SENIORS ARE ALSO MORE PREVELANT IN RURAL AREAS
  • 9 Rural and  Small Town,  21.0% Suburban  and Exurban,  48.0% Urban, 30.9% Total  Population by Residence, 2010 Rural and  Small Town,  25.1% Suburban  and Exurban,  47.4% Urban, 27.4% Senior Population by Residence, 2010 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES OVER ONE‐QUARTER OF SENIORS LIVE IN RURAL AMERICA
  • 10 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES
  • 11 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES
  • 12 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES
  • 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% U.S. Rural & Small Town Age of Senior Population, 2010  age 85 and over age 75‐84 age 65‐74 age 60‐64 (near senior) 13 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES SENIORS ARE NOT A MONOLITHIC GROUP HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Census of Population and Housing.
  • RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOUSING 0 10,000,000 20,000,000 30,000,000 40,000,000 50,000,000 60,000,000 70,000,000 80,000,000 90,000,000 100,000,000 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 Population Senior Population by Age Group, 1900 – 2050* 64 to 74 75 to 84 85 plus AND LIFE EXPECTANCIES WILL CONTINUE TO INCREASE U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce. Projections of the Population by Age and Sex for the United States: 2010 to 2050. *population projection
  • 15 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Under 5 5 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 19 20 to 24 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49 50 to 54 55 to 59 60 to 64 65 to 69 70 to 74 75 to 79 80 to 84 85 Plus Percent Age Category Rural & Small Town Population by Age and Gender, 2010 Percent Female Percent Male
  • 16 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Under 5 5 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 19 20 to 24 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49 50 to 54 55 to 59 60 to 64 65 to 69 70 to 74 75 to 79 80 to 84 85 Plus Percent Age Category Rural & Small Town Population by Age and Gender, 2010 Percent Female Percent Male HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Census of Population and Housing.
  • 17 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Under 5 5 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 19 20 to 24 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49 50 to 54 55 to 59 60 to 64 65 to 69 70 to 74 75 to 79 80 to 84 85 Plus Percent Age Category Rural & Small Town Population by Age and Gender, 2010 Percent Female Percent Male HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Census of Population and Housing.
  • 18 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES 5 4 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 4 5 Under 5 5 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 19 20 to 24 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49 50 to 54 55 to 59 60 to 64 65 to 69 70 to 74 75 to 79 80 to 84 85 Plus Percent Age Category Rural & Small Town Population by Age and Gender, 2010 Percent Female Percent Male HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2010 Census of Population and Housing.
  • 19 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES Produced by the Housing Assistance Council Washington, DC Source: HAC Tabulations of Census Bureau Data Population Loss 1980-2010 Legend Population Loss 1980-2010 states
  • United States, Population Age 65  and Over White not Hispanic,  80.7% Minority, 19.3% Race & Ethnicity, 2010 Rural & Small Town, Population  Age 65 and Over White not  Hispanic, 89.0% Minority, 11.0% Race & Ethnicity, 2010 RACE&  ETHNICITY 20 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES RURAL SENIORS ARE NOT AS RACIALLY DIVERSE AS THEIR URBAN &  SUBURBAN COUNTERPARTS
  • 21 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES Produced by the Housing Assistance Council Washington, DC Source: HAC Tabulations of 2005-2009 Ameican Community Survey Minority Population Age 65 and Over, 2010 Legend Elderly African American >33.3% Elderly Asian > 33.3% Elderly Hispanic > 33.3% Elderly Native American > 33.3% states
  • Senior Veterans in Census Defined Rural Areas *HAC Tabulation of ACS 2007‐11 Five‐Year Estimates 24.0% 28.7% 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% 35.0% Percent Total Population Percent Veteran Population Census Defined Rural Populatoin Disproportionate Share of Veterans  Live in Census Defined Rural Areas* 6.2% 25.7% 27.8% 40.4% Many Census Defined Rural Veterans  are Seniors* Ages 18 to 34 Ages 35 to 54 Ages 55 to 64 Ages 65 Plus
  • Senior Veterans and Baby Boomers 7,650,468 8,031,169 2,572,136 1,769,801 0 2,000,000 4,000,000 6,000,000 8,000,000 10,000,000 12,000,000 Seniors (Age 65 and Older) Near Seniors (Ages 55 to 64) Census Defined Rural Population* Census Defined Rural Population Totals
  • Veterans and Disabilities  16.3% 27.3% 36.8% 39.6% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% 45% Total Population Veterans Seniors Senior Veterans Census Defined Rural Populations Living With A Disability* *HAC Tabulation of ACS 2009‐11 Three‐Year Estimate
  • SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS  Photo courtesy of FAHE
  • $51,914  $36,064  $28,297  $0 $10,000 $20,000 $30,000 $40,000 $50,000 $60,000 U.S. U.S. Seniors Rural & Small Town Seniors Median Income Median Income by Senior Status and Residence, 2009 26 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES MANY SENIORS HAVE VERY LOW INCOMES HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • 27 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Percent in Poverty Poverty By Age, 1966‐2010 Poverty Rate, All Ages Poverty Rate, Age 65 and Over RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES SIGNIFICANT GAINS HAVE BEEN MADE TO REDUCE POVERTY AMONG  SENIORS HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • 9.8% 11.4% 7.2% 8.2% 11.8% 14.0% 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% 16.0% U.S. Rural & Small Town Percent in Poverty Senior Poverty By Residence & Gender, 2010 All Elderly Elderly Male Elderly Female 28 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES POVERTY RATES ARE STILL HIGHER AMONG RURAL SENIORS  HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • 29 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES Legend Counties Percent Senior Poverty 0.0 - 8.5 8.6 - 12.9 13.0 - 18.6 18.7 - 27.5 27.6 - 61.0 Poverty, Persons Age 65 and Over, 2010
  • SELECTED HOUSING AND HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS  Photo by Ann Olson
  • 31 Owner  Occupied  Housing Renter  Occupied  Single  Family  Housing Renter  Occupied  Multifamily  Housing Housing  With  Services Assisted  Living Long Term  Care Facility SENIOR HOUSING CONTINUUM RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES Less Dependent More Dependent A HEALTHY RANGE OF HOUSING OPTIONS IS VITAL FOR SENIORS’  WELL BEING 
  • 32 Owner  Occupied  Housing Long  Term  Care  Facility SENIOR HOUSING CONTINUUM RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES Less Dependent More Dependent SENIOR HOUSING OPTIONS ARE LIMITED IN MANY RURAL  COMMUNITIES  
  • 0.0% 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% U.S. Rural & Small Town Percent Elderly Occupied Homes Occupied Housing Units – Householder Age 65  or Older, 2010 Senior‐Occupied Homeowners Senior‐Occupied Renters 33 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • HO USI NG TE NU RE 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% U.S. U.S. Senior Rural & Small Town Senior Elderly Occupied Housing Units Housing Tenure, Householder Age 65 or Older, 2009 Renter Occupied Owner‐Occupied 34 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES MOST RURAL SENIORS OWN THEIR HOMES  HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • HO USI NG TE NU RE 35 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% 80.0% 90.0% 15 to 34 35 to 44 45 to 54 55 to 59 60 to 64 65 to 74 75 + Homeownership Rate Age Group Rural & Small Town Homeownership by Age and Mortgage Status, 2010 With a Mortgage Without a Mortgage AS RURAL HOMEOWNERS AGE THEY HAVE LESS MORTGAGE DEBT HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • 36 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES Manufactured Homes, 2010 Legend Counties Percent Manufactured Home 0.0 - 6.0 6.1 - 12.7 12.8 - 20.2 20.3 - 29.6 29.7 - 56.1 Manufactured Homes as a Percent of All Occupied Housing Units
  • 37 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES
  • Two or More  Persons, 73.4% One Person,  26.6% Household Size, Rural & Small Town, 2009 Two or More  Persons, 55.4% One Person,  44.6% Household Size, Rural & Small Town, Householder Age  65 or Over, 2009 38 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES MANY RURAL SENIORS LIVE ALONE HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • HOU SING AFF ORD ABILI TY FOR OLD ER HO MEO WNE RS 28.3% 60.0% 0.0% 10.0% 20.0% 30.0% 40.0% 50.0% 60.0% 70.0% Owners Renters Percent Cost Burdened Housing Cost Burden, Householders Age 65 and Over by Tenure,  2010 39 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES HOUSING AFFORDABILITY IS AN INCREASNG PROBLEM FOR MANY  RURAL SENIORS HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • Veteran Homelessness • While overall numbers have decreased since  2009, still over 60,000 veterans were homeless in  recent 2012 Count* • Approximately 27,000 of these homeless veterans  lived outside of a shelter* • Veterans make up 13 percent of homeless  population but just 7 percent of total population* *The 2012 Point‐in‐Time Estimates of Homelessness Assessment Report Volume 1. HUD. Found at following url:  https://www.onecpd.info/resources/documents/2012AHAR_PITestimates.pdf
  • VE HIC LE AV AIL ABI LIT Y 8.9% 12.5% 0.0% 2.0% 4.0% 6.0% 8.0% 10.0% 12.0% 14.0% All Households Senior Households Percent of Households  With No Vehicle Households  No Vehicle Available, 2010  No Vehicle Available 41 RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES TRANSPORATION IS A CHALLENGE IN MANY RURAL COMMUNITIES HAC Tabulations of U.S. Census Bureau 2006‐2010 American Community Survey.
  • HAC RURALSENIORSANDTHEIRHOMES
  • RURALSENIORSANDTHEIIRHOUSING
  • www.ruralhome.org HAC