Embedding the Ecosystem Approach
in Policy and Decision making.
Personal Reflections
Alister Scott
Big questions tough decisions
• Demographic change
•Economic growth
•Planning new
developments where
•Climate change
•Spec...
Aim of NEAFO
• “To further develop and communicate the
evidence base of the UK NEA and make it
relevant to decision and po...
Aim
• The principal aim of work package 9/10 is to
mainstream the principles of the ecosystem
approach by adapting public ...
Delivery and Tools
Why should we use the
ecosystem approach?
Outcome 1C. By 2020, at least 17% of land and inland water, especially areas of
...
Interdisciplinary solutions reqd
• Need integrative
frameworks
• Need to understand
interrelationships and
interfaces
• Ne...
Typology of tools
Stages with
guidance Suite of tools with
guidance using
ecosystem service
framework
Video
extracts
SUDS
...
But key problems
1. hands are tied ……..
• Work silos
• Work targets
• Lack of time
• Lack of resources
• Culture change required
2. no complete buy in of
ecosystem services
• Decision making
processes
• Built environment
• Business
• Other ‘lenses’
• ...
3. language of ecosystem
services
• Complex theory
• Environmental label
hinders integration
• Alienates business,
develop...
4. tools are abused
• Policy based evidence
• Maps based on poor
quality data
• Assumptions not made
explicit
• Limitation...
5 Ecosystem Approach does demand
behaviour change.
EATME Ingredients
• Ecosystem Approach
• Hooks to capture key audiences and stakeholders
(NPPF, NEWP, DTC, Benefits, Risk)...
Tool Type Decision-Making
Strategic Environmental Assessment Regulatory ALL stages
Environmental Impact Assessment Regulat...
Not Fit for Purpose
• Communication focus to
highlight tree of
ecosystem knowledge.
• Entry routes for different
professio...
Identify key
problem areas
Draft guidance
Signpost tools
Key lessons learned
• Process is key in translating theory into policy
and decisions.
• Language and communication is key ...
Dangers
• Policy-based evidence
• Neglecting existing frameworks and practices that
currently deliver good policy and deci...
Summary
• We sometimes forget the biggest tool is the
person standing here talking to you.
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Embedding the ecosystem approach in policy: Problems and Potential

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Embedding the ecosystem approach in policy: Problems and Potential

  1. 1. Embedding the Ecosystem Approach in Policy and Decision making. Personal Reflections Alister Scott
  2. 2. Big questions tough decisions • Demographic change •Economic growth •Planning new developments where •Climate change •Species decline •Reduced diversity of natural and built assets •Uncertainty •Conflicting values •Trade offs
  3. 3. Aim of NEAFO • “To further develop and communicate the evidence base of the UK NEA and make it relevant to decision and policy making at different spatial scales across the UK” http://uknea.unep-wcmc.org/NEWFollowonPhase/Aimoffollowupphase/tabid/128/Default.aspx
  4. 4. Aim • The principal aim of work package 9/10 is to mainstream the principles of the ecosystem approach by adapting public policy and decision-support tools within an ecosystem services framework to improve policy- and decision-making processes and outcomes
  5. 5. Delivery and Tools
  6. 6. Why should we use the ecosystem approach? Outcome 1C. By 2020, at least 17% of land and inland water, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, conserved through effective, integrated and joined up approaches to safeguard biodiversity and ecosystem services including through management of our existing systems of protected areas and the establishment of nature improvement areas;
  7. 7. Interdisciplinary solutions reqd • Need integrative frameworks • Need to understand interrelationships and interfaces • Need to work across built and natural professions • • BUT........................... Should have gone to Specosystem Savers
  8. 8. Typology of tools Stages with guidance Suite of tools with guidance using ecosystem service framework Video extracts SUDS Ecosystem mapping
  9. 9. But key problems
  10. 10. 1. hands are tied …….. • Work silos • Work targets • Lack of time • Lack of resources • Culture change required
  11. 11. 2. no complete buy in of ecosystem services • Decision making processes • Built environment • Business • Other ‘lenses’ • Identity sector Champions
  12. 12. 3. language of ecosystem services • Complex theory • Environmental label hinders integration • Alienates business, developers and statutory decision makers • Where is additionality beyond good practice.
  13. 13. 4. tools are abused • Policy based evidence • Maps based on poor quality data • Assumptions not made explicit • Limitations not made explicit
  14. 14. 5 Ecosystem Approach does demand behaviour change.
  15. 15. EATME Ingredients • Ecosystem Approach • Hooks to capture key audiences and stakeholders (NPPF, NEWP, DTC, Benefits, Risk) • Coproduction: Talk to exemplar projects about tool experiences • Classify, Use and review existing tools rather than creating something new • Use decision making process rather than new jargon. • Ecosystem proof linked suite of favoured tools
  16. 16. Tool Type Decision-Making Strategic Environmental Assessment Regulatory ALL stages Environmental Impact Assessment Regulatory ALL stages Natural Capital Asset Check Incentive Survey Payments for Ecosystem Services Incentive Survey - Act Cost-Benefit Analysis and Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis Valuation Survey - Evaluate Corporate Ecosystem Valuation Valuation Survey – Evaluate Ecosystem Assessment Ecosystem Services Ideas - Evaluate GIS tools Ecosystem Services Ideas - Evaluate Futures/Scenarios Futures Ideas - Assess TABLE 7: Final tools for ecosystem proofing
  17. 17. Not Fit for Purpose • Communication focus to highlight tree of ecosystem knowledge. • Entry routes for different professionals • Entry routes based on commonly identified problems • Pathways to bundles of tools that might be used • Open source format?
  18. 18. Identify key problem areas Draft guidance Signpost tools
  19. 19. Key lessons learned • Process is key in translating theory into policy and decisions. • Language and communication is key to unlock engagement • Tools do not exist in isolation from setting • Tools are only as good as the user. • Inclusion of different publics and knowledges is vital
  20. 20. Dangers • Policy-based evidence • Neglecting existing frameworks and practices that currently deliver good policy and decisions • Ecosystem Services Messiahs • Cherry picking ecosystem services in isolation • Bolting on ecosystem services to existing practices, decisions and plans • Not embedding ‘true’ value of nature into built environment professions and practices.
  21. 21. Summary • We sometimes forget the biggest tool is the person standing here talking to you.

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