Census of india

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Census of india

  1. 1. HOUSES, HOUSEHOLD AMENITIES & ASSETS AMONGFEMALE HEADED HOUSEHOLDS HIGHLIGHTS FROM CENSUS 2011 DR. C. CHANDRAMOULI Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
  2. 2. Tables on Houses, Household Amenities & Assets• After the conclusion of Census of India 2011, Tables on Houses, Household Amenities and Assets have been released in March 2012• Selected tables from the above compilation are now released classified by sex of the Head of the Households for the first time in the history of Census.• These tables will help to provide an insight into the living conditions of the Female Headed Households in the country.
  3. 3. Today’s Release Tables on Houses, Household Amenities & Assets for Female Headed Households (FHHs)1. Predominant materials of roof and wall2. Predominant material of floor3. Type of structure of the census house occupied4. Ownership status, Household size and number of dwelling room5. Source and location of drinking water and availability of electricity & latrine6. Availability of bathing facility and type of drainage connectivity for waste water outlet7. Availability of separate kitchen and fuel used for cooking8. Availability of type of latrine facility9. Availing banking services and households having each of the specified assets
  4. 4. Today’s Release Tables on Houses, Household Amenities & Assets for Female Headed Households (FHHs)• All these tables are available for • Total population, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes • Total, Rural and Urban residence • Level: Country, State, District, Sub-district, Town • Up to District level for SC/ST Tables
  5. 5. Definition of a ‘Household’• A household is usually a group of persons who normally live together and take their meals from a common kitchen unless the exigencies of work prevent any of them from doing so.• The persons in a household may be related or unrelated or a mix of both.
  6. 6. Definition of a ‘Head of the Household’• The head of the household for Census purposes is a person who is recognized as such in the household.• She or he is generally the person who bears the chief responsibility for the maintenance of the household and takes decisions on behalf of the household.• The head of the household need not necessarily be the eldest male member.
  7. 7. SUMMARY FINDINGS
  8. 8. Summary of Findings - 1• There are about 27 million female headed households in the country. They constitute 10.9% of the total households in the country. 27 million female 10.9 % of total headed HH HHs of India
  9. 9. Summary of Findings - 2• 43.7% of households in Lakshadweep and 23% households in Kerala have a female as head Female Headed households 23 % 43.7% Kerala Lakshadweep
  10. 10. Summary of Findings - 3• About 49 lakh Single Member Female HHs are there in the country. Three-fourth of them live in rural areas and the remaining in urban areas of the country. Member Female households Single 49 lakh 75% in rural India area
  11. 11. Summary of Findings - 4• In seven major States, the proportion of Single Member Female Headed HH is more than 20%: 1. Chhattisgarh 29.9% 2. Madhya Pradesh 24.9% 3. Tamil Nadu 26.1% 4. Andhra Pradesh 27.1% 5. Maharashtra 22.2% 6. Odisha 22.1% 7. Gujarat 20.4%
  12. 12. Summary of Findings -5• Larger proportion of Female Headed Households live in ‘No exclusive room’ and in ‘One room’ dwelling units compared to Male Headed Households.• The household sizes in case of Female Headed Households tend to be smaller than the Male Headed Households.• The proportions of households possessing different assets is lower in case of Female Headed HHs in comparison to Male Headed HH.
  13. 13. Classification of Households by Sex of the Head of the HouseholdsIndicator Total Rural Urban Census 2011Number of Households (in lakh) Total 2,467 1,678 789 Male Headed 2,198 1,504 694 Female Headed 269 174 94Number of Households (in %) Total Male Headed 89.1 89.6 88.0 Female Headed 10.9 10.4 12.0
  14. 14. Classification of Households by Sex of the Head of the Households 100 Male Headed Female Headed 89.1 89.6 88 80 60 2011 INDIA (HH in %) 40 20 10.9 10.4 12 0 Total Rural Urban
  15. 15. Less than 10.00% FemaleHeaded HHs in:• Haryana (9.5%)• Gujarat (9%)• Chandigarh (8.9%)• Jharkhand (8.6%)• UP (8.3%)• MP (8%)• J&K (7.9%)• Bihar (7.4%)• DNH (5%)• Rajasthan (4.0%)
  16. 16. Proportion of Female Headed Households among Total, SC and ST India Indicator Total Rural Urban Census 2011 HH (in %) Female Headed HH (Total) 10.9 10.4 12.0 Female Headed HH (SC) 11.3 10.6 13.4 Female Headed HH (ST) 11.2 10.6 14.5
  17. 17. Classification of Households by Sex of the Head of the HouseholdsIndicator 2011 2001* Change (% pts)INDIAProportion of Male Headed HH (in %) Total 89.1 89.7 -0.6 Rural 89.6 89.9 -0.3 Urban 88.0 89.0 -1.0Proportion of Female Headed HH (in %) Total 10.9 10.4 +0.5 Rural 10.4 10.1 +0.3 Urban 12.0 11.0 +1.0Note: The Census 2001 data relates to Population Enumeration phase as similar data fromHouselisting phase is not available (see Table HH4 India)
  18. 18. Proportion of Female Headed Households States, 2011, 2001 – All Areas Area (State/UT) 2011 2001* Change ALL AREAS (% pts) 1. Lakshadweep 40.2 34.4 +5.8 2. Kerala 22.7 22.6 +0.1 TOP 5 3. Meghalaya 21.7 23.0 - 1.3 4. Goa 20.3 21.1 -0.8 5. Himachal Pradesh 18.3 17.9 +0.4 1. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 5.0 6.3 -1.3 BOTTOM 5 2. Rajasthan 7.0 6.9 +0.1 3. Bihar 7.4 7.4 - 4. Jammu & Kashmir 7.9 6.7 +1.2 5. Madhya Pradesh 8.0 7.5 +0.5 Note: The Census 2001 data relate to Population Enumeration phase as similar data from Houselisting phase is not available
  19. 19. Proportion of Female Headed Households States, Total 2001 2011
  20. 20. Proportion of Female Headed Households States, 2011, 2001 - Rural Area (State/UT) 2011 2001* Change RURAL AREAS (% pts) 1. Lakshadweep 29.1 33.4 -4.3 2. Goa 22.7 23.5 -0.8 TOP 5 3. Kerala 22.0 22.5 -0.5 4. Meghalaya 20.9 22.6 -1.7 5. Himachal Pradesh 18.7 18.5 +0.2 1. Chandigarh 5.1 3.6 +1.5 BOTTOM 5 2. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 5.9 6.8 -0.9 3. Rajasthan 6.5 6.7 -0.2 4. Bihar 7.2 7.3 -0.1 5. Madhya Pradesh 7.2 6.7 0.5 Note: The Census 2001 data relate to Population Enumeration phase as similar data from Houselisting phase is not available
  21. 21. Proportion of Female Headed Households States, 2011, 2001 - Rural 2001 2011
  22. 22. Proportion of Female Headed Households States, 2011, 2001 - Urban Area (State/UT) 2011 2001* Change URBAN AREAS (% pts) 1. Lakshadweep 43.7 35.7 +8.0 2. Meghalaya 24.5 24.5 0.0 TOP 5 3. Kerala 23.4 22.8 +0.6 4. Goa 18.8 23.4 -4.6 5. Mizoram 18.5 15.1 +3.4 1. Dadra & Nagar Haveli 4.2 4.9 -0.7 BOTTOM 5 2. Rajasthan 8.6 7.8 +0.8 3. Chandigarh UT 9.0 7.6 +1.4 4. Jammu & Kashmir 9.0 7.7 +1.3 5. Bihar 9.1 8.4 +0.7 Note: The Census 2001 data relate to Population Enumeration phase as similar data from Houselisting phase is not available
  23. 23. Reasons for emergence of Female Headed Households *a. The broad range of domestic situations typically characterized by the absence of a resident male head, viz, widowhood, divorce, separation and desertionb. Migration of male members for long periodsc. Loss of economic function by resident males due to severe unemployment, disability, illness and male reluctance to accept jobs seen as status reducing, etc.d. Households with no mature sonse. Sons residing in independent nuclear units.* - Source: Mayra Buvinic, Nadia H Yousaefet aI, Women-Headed Households: The Ignored Factor in DevelopmentPlanning, International Centre for Research on Women, Washington, DC, 1978. (Quoted by Lakshmi Lingam ‘Women-Headed Households : Coping with Caste, Class and Gender Hierarchies’, Economic & Political Weekly: Mar 19, 1994
  24. 24. Census 2001 - INDIA HOUSEHOLD COMPOSITION HHs (in %) Total Rural UrbanType of HH M-HH F-HH M-HH F-HH M-HH F-HHTotal 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0Single person 2.6 19.0 2.2 21.5 3.6 13.4Nuclear 57.1 5.3 55.8 4.8 60.2 6.4Sub nuclear 2.3 36.3 2.2 37.0 2.5 34.7Supplemented nuclear 14.5 22.0 15.0 21.5 13.4 23.2Broken extended 1.7 4.2 1.9 3.7 1.4 5.6Joint 20.5 6.8 21.8 5.3 17.3 10.1Other 1.3 6.3 1.1 6.2 1.6 6.5
  25. 25. Data onHouses, Househo ld Amenities &Assets – Census 2011
  26. 26. Housing Condition – India, 2011 TYPE OF CENSUS HOUSES Female Headed Male Headed Type of Census Houses HH% HH%Permanent 60.5 62.1Semi permanent 26.2 25.0Temporary 12.4 12.0 Serviceable 7.6 7.2 Non serviceable 4.8 4.8Any other 0.9 1.0
  27. 27. Housing Condition – India, 2011 TYPE OF CENSUS HOUSES Female Headed HH% Type of Census Houses Total SC STPermanent 60.5 55.8 33.4Semi permanent 26.2 26.9 48.1Temporary 12.4 16.3 17.7 Serviceable 7.6 10.3 11.3 Non serviceable 4.8 6.0 6.4Any other 0.9 1.0 0.7
  28. 28. - 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0 25.0 30.0 35.0 40.0 45.0 DAMAN & DIU 0.5 LAKSHADWEEP 0.7 CHANDIGARH 1.0 GOA 1.0 HIMACHAL PRADESH 1.2 NCT OF DELHI 1.2 GUJARAT 1.8 UTTARAKHAND 2.0 PUNJAB 2.6 KERALA 2.8 HARYANA 3.7 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 4.1 SIKKIM 4.3 ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS 4.3 MAHARASHTRA 5.0 KARNATAKA 6.9 JAMMU & KASHMIR 7.3 MIZORAM 7.4 CHATTISGARH 8.2 MADHYA PRADESH 9.6 MEGHALAYA 9.8 TRIPURA 10.9 RAJASTHAN 11.3of Grass, Thatch, Bamboo, Wood, Mud, Plastic or Polythene. JHARKHAND 12.9 NAGALAND 13.0 WEST BENGAL 14.0 MANIPUR 14.8 ANDHRA PRADESH 15.5 UTTAR PRADESH 16.8 TAMIL NADU 17.2 PUDUCHERRY 18.1 ASSAM 18.3 BIHAR 28.6 Housing Condition – India, 2011 ODISHA 34.6 Temporary Census House (FHH in %) ARUNACHAL PRADESH 38.3made of Grass, Thatch, Bamboo etc., Plastic, Unburnt brick or Wood and Roof can be madeTemporary: Houses with wall and roof made of temporary material. For example, Wall can be
  29. 29. Availability of Amenities– Source of Drinking Water, India Female Headed Male Headed Source of Drinking Water HH% HH%Source: Tap water 48.5 42.9 Well 12.6 10.8 Hand-pump 27.7 34.2 Tube well/ Bore hole 7.7 8.6 Other sources 3.6 3.5Location: Within premises 45.0 46.8 Near the premises 37.2 35.7 Away 17.8 17.5
  30. 30. Availability of Amenities– Source of Drinking Water, India Female Headed HH% Source of drinking water Total SC STSource: Tap water 48.5 48.5 29.6 Well 12.6 8.7 19.5 Hand-pump 27.7 32.2 35.8 Tube well/ Bore hole 7.7 7.4 7.9 Other sources 3.6 3.3 7.3Location: Within premises 45.0 34.3 20.5 Near the premises 37.2 44.7 47.2 Away 17.8 20.9 32.3
  31. 31. Availability of Amenities – Number of Dwelling Rooms India Female Headed Male HeadedNumber of dwelling rooms HH% HH%Total 100.0 100.0 No exclusive room 5.2 3.8 One room 39.3 36.8 Two rooms 29.6 31.9 Three rooms 13.7 14.6 Four rooms 7.1 7.5 Five rooms 2.5 2.6 Six rooms and above 2.6 2.8
  32. 32. Availability of Amenities – Number of Dwelling Rooms India Female Headed HH% Number of dwelling rooms Total SC STTotal: No exclusive room 5.2 6.2 5.2 One room 39.3 48.1 46.9 Two rooms 29.6 29.7 30.1 Three rooms 13.7 9.7 10.4 Four rooms 7.1 4.0 4.4 Five rooms 2.5 1.2 1.5 Six rooms and above 2.6 1.1 1.5
  33. 33. Number of Dwelling Rooms (No Exclusive Room) Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes TOTAL
  34. 34. Number of Dwelling Rooms (One Room) Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes TOTAL
  35. 35. - 10.0 20.0 30.0 40.0 50.0 60.0 70.0 80.0 90.0 INDIA – 51.7% LAKSHADWEEP 2.4 MIZORAM 4.6 KERALA 5.5 CHANDIGARH 7.6 MANIPUR 9.6 SIKKIM 11.4 NCT OF DELHI 11.6 TRIPURA 12.6 PUNJAB 20.1 GOA 22.0 NAGALAND 22.6 HIMACHAL PRADESH 29.0ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS 29.4 HARYANA 30.9 ASSAM 35.4 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 35.7 DAMAN & DIU 37.1 UTTARAKHAND 39.1 MEGHALAYA 41.4 PUDUCHERRY 42.0 WEST BENGAL 42.7 GUJARAT 43.3 MAHARASHTRA 49.3 JAMMU & KASHMIR 53.3 KARNATAKA 54.5 ANDHRA PRADESH 58.3 TAMIL NADU 60.2 RAJASTHAN 60.9 UTTAR PRADESH 62.6 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 65.7 MADHYA PRADESH 68.7 BIHAR 76.3 CHATTISGARH 78.2 JHARKHAND 79.4 ODISHA 80.4 Availability of Amenities – INDIA No Latrine Within Premises (HH %) Female HH Headed
  36. 36. - 100.0 120.0 20.0 40.0 60.0 80.0 ODISHA 17.6 INDIA – 59.4% CHATTISGARH 18.7 JHARKHAND 23.3 TRIPURA 32.8 BIHAR 36.9 WEST BENGAL 39.3 ASSAM 43.4 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 46.2 MADHYA PRADESH 48.2 MEGHALAYA 51.5 MANIPUR 52.1 UTTAR PRADESH 55.3 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 55.3 TAMIL NADU 55.9 RAJASTHAN 57.6 JAMMU & KASHMIR 58.7 ANDHRA PRADESH 59.6 UTTARAKHAND 64.0 GUJARAT 67.4 SIKKIM 71.2 HIMACHAL PRADESH 75.1 PUDUCHERRY 76.3ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS 78.5 HARYANA 82.0 MIZORAM 82.6 NAGALAND 82.7 MAHARASHTRA 83.9 KERALA 83.9 KARNATAKA 84.1 DAMAN & DIU 86.6 GOA 88.7 PUNJAB 89.8 NCT OF DELHI 90.4 CHANDIGARH 93.8 LAKSHADWEEP 97.3 Availability of Amenities – INDIA Having Bathing Facility Within Premises (HH %)Female HHHeaded
  37. 37. Availability of Amenities – INDIA Fuel Used For Cooking Fuel used for cooking Female Female (Cooking inside Headed HH Headed premises/Has kitchen) (in ‘000) HH% Total 15,615 100.0 Fire-wood 6,995 44.8HEALTH Crop residue 575 3.7ISSUES Cow dung cake 494 3.2 Coal, Lignite, Charcoal 162 1.0 Kerosene 620 4.0 LPG/PNG 6,643 42.5 Electricity 16 0.1 Biogas 73 0.5 Any other 38 0.2
  38. 38. Household Size - INDIA Female Male Household Size Headed Headed HH% HH%Total 100.0 100.0 One member 18.3 1.9 Two members 15.4 9.0 Three members 17.0 13.2 Four members 15.2 23.6 Five members 12.8 19.5 Six to eight members 16.2 26.0 Nine or more members 5.2 6.8
  39. 39. Household Size - INDIA Female Headed HH% Household Size Total SC STTotal: One member 18.3 18.2 18.8 Two members 15.4 15.2 16.1 Three members 17.0 16.5 17.0 Four members 15.2 15.3 15.5 Five members 12.8 12.9 12.4 Six to eight members 16.2 17.3 16.5 Nine or more members 5.2 4.6 3.6
  40. 40. Household Size (One Person) Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes TOTAL
  41. 41. - 100.00 20.00 30.00 40.00 50.00 60.00 70.00 80.00 90.00 10.00 MANIPUR 30.41 INDIA – 53.4% NAGALAND 32.42 ODISHA 36.29 BIHAR 39.52 CHATTISGARH 40.62 TAMIL NADU 40.74 ANDHRA PRADESH 40.93 MEGHALAYA 41.03 MADHYA PRADESH 43.88 DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI 44.19 ASSAM 44.78 WEST BENGAL 47.28 JHARKHAND 47.79 GUJARAT 50.25 KARNATAKA 52.94 PUDUCHERRY 54.09 ARUNACHAL PRADESH 54.20 MIZORAM 60.29 MAHARASHTRA 60.46 RAJASTHAN 61.73 HARYANA 65.73 SIKKIM 67.40 PUNJAB 68.60 KERALA 69.56 UTTAR PRADESH 70.07 (Female Headed HH in %) DAMAN & DIU 73.02 JAMMU & KASHMIR 73.72 TRIPURA 78.90 NCT OF DELHI 80.27 LAKSHADWEEP 82.80 UTTARAKHAND 82.99 CHANDIGARH 85.91 GOA 87.26 HIMACHAL PRADESH 89.34 Availing Banking Services- INDIAANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS 91.24Female HHHeaded
  42. 42. Possession of Assets - INDIA Female Male Headed Assets Headed HH% HH%Radio/ Transistor 16.1 20.3Television 45.3 47.5Computer/Laptop - With Internet 2.5 3.2Computer/Laptop - Without 6.0 6.4 InternetTelephone (Land line only) 4.3 4.0Mobile phone 44.3 54.3Bicycle 28.9 46.8Scooter/Motorcycle/Moped 13.7 21.9Car/ Jeep/ Van 3.2 4.8None of the specified assets 28.7 16.5
  43. 43. Possession of Assets - INDIA Female Headed HH% Assets Total SC STRadio/ Transistor 16.1 12.4 11.2Television 45.3 38.7 21.8Computer/Laptop - With Internet 2.5 1.0 0.8Computer/Laptop - Without Internet 6.0 4.9 4.5Telephone (Land line only) 10.3 5.2 3.6Mobile phone 44.3 40.2 27.2Bicycle 28.9 28.7 24.0Scooter/Motorcycle/Moped 13.7 8.4 5.9Car/ Jeep/ Van 3.2 1.2 1.3None of the specified assets 28.7 33.8 48.5
  44. 44. Possession of Assets (Television) Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes TOTAL
  45. 45. Possession of Assets (No Asset) Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes TOTAL
  46. 46. Thank you …..For more information please visit: Our Census, Our Future censusindia.gov.in

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