Building Rural Health and Supporting Small Scale Agriculture: A Comparative Case study of Farm‐to‐School Activity in Maine and Nova Scotia Chloe Kennedy Rural Research Workshop May 5th 2011 School Gardens Farm Visits Direct Sale of Local Food to Schools
Farm-to-School in the USAFarm-to-School in Canada
NS Provincial Policy Response:Food and Nutrition Policy for Nova Scotia Public Schools http://www.ednet.ns.ca/healthy_eating/pdf/school_food_consultation_draft.pdf
Research Questions• What are the barriers and opportunities which face Tatamagoucheelementary school in its efforts to procure greater amounts oflocally produced food?• What resources (financial/infrastructural/human) are required forthe success of the Hancock County Farm-to-School program? What isthe role of the key stakeholders in facilitating the program?• Does the Hancock County Farm-to-School program provideinsight for how to overcome the challenges faced inTatamagouche? If so, how? The negative comparative method attempts to find independent variables associated with divergent outcomes (Kolberg, 2005).
Primary Barriers • Budget Constraints • Structural Constraints • Lack of Knowledge and Communication • School Food Policy Context Community Assets• Openness to Buying Local• Interest in Third Party Involvement• Connection Between Schools and Communities• Proximity of Farms and Schools
“I have a farming background anyway, so I’m biased...I think by“...how does the farming having that connection [betweencommunity in Tatamagouche farms and schools], it’s going tolink with the catering society give a greater sense ofand create that link and provide community... It’s always great to[the school] with what [it] needs support your local folks asall within the required food safety opposed to sending your moneystandards. We need to make elsewhere. So I think that if peoplethat work”. saw that going into the schools, it would definitely be a positive thing”. How the Program Works FACILITATION HUMAN RESOURCES • Contracts established between head • Student involvement in food preparation food service staff and the local farm/continued dialogue between farms • Community/parent volunteers and schools • Staff volunteer time • Weekly deliveries from the farmers FUNDSMount Desert Elementary School • Creative purchasing practices • Community food and time donations • Grants through government and private foundations
Policy Recommendations• Third Party Involvement to: - fund a public meeting to bring together stakeholders - farm-to-school coordinator position to facilitate connections between interested schools and farms - better knowledge of what local food is available locally• Government facilitation to help create regional resource guides for interested parties
Policy Recommendations• Third Party Involvement to: - fund a public meeting to bring together stakeholders - facilitate connections between interested schools and farms - better knowledge of what local food is available locally• Government and private facilitation to help create regional resource guides for interested parties• Increased student involvement in schools meals - student cooking club - taste testing - farms visits