Govt  & Ngo Collaboration
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Govt & Ngo Collaboration

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  • It is brilliant effort . It will definitely help the social activists to serve the marginalized community..

    Dr Rajeeb Kumar Sharma
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    Govt  & Ngo Collaboration Govt & Ngo Collaboration Document Transcript

    • Govt. & NGO Collaboration Govt. & NGO Collaboration - Sundar Vadaon Social development has emerged as fast growing sector in 21 st century. While the growth of Information Technology is a real wonder, the growth of social development will create wonders in the years to come. Social Development will be a future shock for which we all are required to be prepared. Voluntary social work, voluntarism, voluntary organizations, Non Governmental Organizations, (NGOs) Not to profit making organizations, Religion based social development organizations, individual donors, philanthropy, corporate social development organizations have tremendously grown in the 21st century. Similarly International Developmental Organization viz World Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations International Children Education Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), World Trade Organization (WTO), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Japan International Cooperation Agency (JAICA), Department Fund for International Development (DFID), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), United Nations Economic, Social Commission for Asia and Pacific (UNESCAP) and many other organizations are relentlessly campaigning for the cause of the social development. Under United Nations Systems several International conventions are being held, several laws are being promoted, several policies are being evolved and several projects are being implemented in various areas viz Human Rights, Education, Health, Natural Resources Development and Environment. Govt. of India and many Govts. of various Nations of the World viz South Africa, China, Pakisthan, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, Uganda, Zambia and Mexico have enacted several laws, established various Govt. MECS Knowledge Series Page 1 of 6
    • Govt. & NGO Collaboration Departments, evolved policies, and created schemes for the cause of the social development. Though social development has emerged as a very important sector in 21st century there are no Institutionalized mechanisms of collaboration of the Govt. & NGOs. The need of the hour is to evolve long term, sustainable and institutionalized collaboration between the Govt. & NGOs. Govt. of India has prepared and released a draft National Policy on NGOs, in- corporating the areas of collaboration of the Govt. & NGOs. The Planning Commission of India, and various Ministries of the Govt. of India are working on the modalities of collaboration between Govt. and the NGOs. Similarly Govt. of Andhra Pradesh on an innovative approach given by us has formed a State level coordination Committee of the Govt. officials and NGOs headed by the Chief Minister for promoting the coordination between the Govt. & the NGOs. On the same lines district level coordination cells have been formed headed by the district incharge Ministers with Collectors, Officials and NGOs as members. Govt. Orders are issued for frequent meeting of the Committees and evolving the mechanisms of collaboration between the Govt. & the NGOs. (GOMS No 28 of Govt of AP enclosed) There is imminent need for Govt. of India and various State Govts. to release the National Policy as well as the State Policies for Institutionalized mechanisms of collaboration between the Govt. & the NGOs. On the lines of National Policy of GOI. Govt. of India is promoting the work, projects and involvement of NGOs in a big way. Govt. of India under Ministry of Rural Development has established Council for Advancement of Peoples Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) and promoting the NGO sector in a big way. Rural Development Department in many schemes viz Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP). Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP), Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWCRA), Swarna Jayanti Swarajgor Yojana (SJSGY) National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS), Watershed Development and in many other schemes has elaborately MECS Knowledge Series Page 2 of 6
    • Govt. & NGO Collaboration issued guidelines, with specific reference to involvement of the NGOs in implementation of various schemes. Rural development department through National Waste Lands Development Board have issued guidelines, focusing the importance of participation of the people and involvement of NGOs in implementation of the schemes. Similarly, several Ministries viz Ministry of Human Resources Development, Ministry of Environment & Forest, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Ministry of Women & Child Welfare, Ministry of Tourism, Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Agriculture etc., have issued guidelines for implementation of the schemes, with focus on peoples participation and participation of NGOs in implementation of thousands of schemes of the Govt. of India. On the same lines, various State Govts. have issued Govt. orders and guidelines for peoples participation and participation of NGOs in implementation of various schemes. Govt. of India through various Ministries has been funding the NGOs to a tune of Rs. 10,000 corers per annum for implementation of various schemes. CAPART and various Ministries have evolved schemes to be funded to the NGOs for implementation in various areas concerning Human & Social Development of people. Similarly several schemes are also being funded in Natural resources development & Environment. Various Ministries of Govt. of India have evolved formats, prescribed procedures, and evolved inspection and monitoring mechanisms for effective implementation of the schemes being funded in the NGOs sector. All the details of grants in Aid being sanctioned to the project of the NGOs are being made available on the websites of the respective Ministries of the Govt. of India. Similarly World Bank, DFID and various funding Agencies have also evolved mechanisms, procedures for inspection, assessment, sanction, monitoring & evaluation of grant in aid Projects to the NGOs. MECS Knowledge Series Page 3 of 6
    • Govt. & NGO Collaboration In addition to the above, International Development Agencies Viz, Action Aid, Plan International, Oxfam, CCF, Leonard Chesire, CARE and several other International Donor agencies have also evolved mechanisms and guidelines for assessment, sanction, implementation, monitoring & evaluation of projects which are requiring grants in Aid. They have also prescribed formats for donor service reporting and displaying on websites. While the International scenario, and National scenarios are very encouraging all is not well in collaboration of the Govt. & NGOs in Social development. Some of the distortions and recent trends in a few States of India are to implement the projects of social development with-out any collaboration between the Govt. & the NGOs. Peoples participation and participatory development is a distant dream to be realized. There is an urgent need to put an end to distortions in social development and evolving the institutionalized mechanisms of collaboration between the Govt. the NGOs and the peoples Institutions. The following are a few important areas requiring attention and action of the Govt. Officials, Policy Makers, NGOs, and the peoples Institutions. 1. Each of the State of India and UTs have to evolve their State Policies, which are in tune with Govt. of India and with necessary innovations for implementation. 2. There is need to form department wise, coordination cells of the Govt. of India as well as of various State Govts. for active collaboration. 3. Each of the Department coordination cell must document the NGOs projects for the last 05 years, analyze the same and evolve guidelines for coordination. 4. District level coordination cells are required to be formed of the Official and NGOs. 5. District level Coordination Cells must document the NGO activities analyze and evolve guidelines for coordination. MECS Knowledge Series Page 4 of 6
    • Govt. & NGO Collaboration 6. Similarly World Bank and International development agencies have to form National and regional level coordination cells. 7. The National & Regional coordination cells must document the activities at least for the last 05 years. 8. Planning is a very important area of coordination, and each of the cell must evolve the process of the Planning at various levels. 9. Development agenda is a very important approach of long term and sustainable development. 10. It is advisable to prepare village agenda, block agenda, district agenda, State agenda, and National agenda for the development. 11. Rulers may come and go, Officials may come and go, donor agencies may come and go, NGOs may come and go, Consultants and brokers may come and go, Doctors, Teachers and Actors may come and go, yet development agenda must continuously grow, and should not go with each and every person, all and sundry, and with the change of the Govt. each five years, or as frequently as the Govt. changes. 12. All and sundry must realize that in spite of 60 years of planned development in India, still majority of people are where they are, and we must awake, arise, agree, and act on arriving at village to National agenda once for all, for implementations with out disruptions in the Country. 13. Integrated village development plans through microplanning are required to be prepared in a participatory manner of the people, NGOs and the Govt. 14. Physical and Financial resources are required to be pooled up from all the developmental functionaries so as to promote supplementation and complimentation of the people’s, Govt. and the NGOs precious resources. 15. Duplication, distortions, wastage and pilferation of resources can be minimized and eliminated by an integrated approach of planning and implementation. 16. Training Programmes on Capacity Building are required to be taken up for Self Help Groups, various committees, PR Institution, NGOs, & Donor agencies for promotion of institutionalized mechanism of coordination. MECS Knowledge Series Page 5 of 6
    • Govt. & NGO Collaboration 17. Guidelines for joint action and campaigning systems must be evolved together and implemented whether those are rights based campaigns, or even campaigns for peace and harmony. 18. Proper and effective utilization of infrastructure of the Govt. and NGOs and knowledge based inputs must be utilized by effective campaigning for empowerment of poor, children, youth women & senior citizens as well as in the areas of Natural resources development & Environment. 19. Role clarity of Officials, NGOs and peoples must be arrived, and job charts must be fixed, with all its flexibility for promoting joint action, and campaigning for development to enable the officials & the NGOs to play their role in a coordinated manner. 20. Information Technology and IT enabled services must be used so as to empower and equip the organizations for joint action for development. 21. GIS and GPS methodologies must be used both for Planning, video conferences, distant learning and distant monitoring on a virtual reality basis so that the pace of implementation is faster than the pace of degradation of resources. 22. A project approach of joint action of the Govt. & NGOs on a geographical project area, and on a fixed time scale must be done, so as to satuarate the project area with development in one or two decades depending on the need of the area. 23. Knowledge based efforts through village knowledge centers must be put in for faster pace and sustainable development. 24. A village development centre is advisable to be established for promoting multisectoral coordination & convergence. 25. Long Term sustainable development can be achieved by joint action. Ultimately model villages can be created through joint action and campaigning for development of the people, Govt. Officials and the NGOs through multisectoral coordination and convergence approaches for the development. MECS Knowledge Series Page 6 of 6