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Management information system
 

Management information system

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    Management information system Management information system Presentation Transcript

    • Management Information System
      Rupali Dhir
    • Rupali Dhir
    • Management
      Management is the art of getting things done through and with the people in formally organized groups .
      Managerial functions
      • Planning
      • Organizing
      • Staffing
      • Directing
      • controlling
      Rupali Dhir
    • Information
      Information is data that is processed and is presented in the form which assists decision makers.
      Rupali Dhir
    • SYSTEM
      A system is set of interrelated components or entities that interact to achieve particular function or goal. Each component of a system has its own goal. but these components work together to achieve the common goal
      Rupali Dhir
    • Components of a system
      • Inputs
      • Processor
      • Outputs
      • Control
      • Feedback
      • Environment
      Rupali Dhir
    • Characteristics of system
      • Organization
      • Interaction
      • Interdependence
      • Integration
      • Central objective
      Rupali Dhir
    • organization
      It is the arrangement of components, that helps to achieve objectives .
      Rupali Dhir
    • Interaction
      Interaction refers to the manner in which each component functions with other components of the system.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Interdependence
      • Interdependence means that Parts of the organization or computer system depend on one another.
      • They are coordinated and linked together according to plan.
      • One subsystem depends on the input of another subsystem for proper functioning, that is the output of one subsystem is the required input for another subsystem.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Integration
      • Integration is concerned with how a system is linked together.
      • It is more than sharing a physical part or location.
      • It means that part of the system work together within the system even though each part performs a unique function.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Central objective
      Every system must have central objective to achieve the goal .
      Rupali Dhir
    • Types of system
      • Physical and abstract systems
      • Deterministic and probabilistic systems
      • Open and close system
      • Social and machine system
      Rupali Dhir
    • Types of system cont’d
      • Natural and Manufactured systems
      • Subsystem and super system
      • Permanent and temporary system
      • Adaptive and non adaptive systems
      Rupali Dhir
    • Information system
      DATA
      Data are row facts or observations.
      INFORMATION
      Information is data which is in processed form.
      Rupali Dhir
      Input(data)
      Data
      process
      Informationas output
    • Difference Between Data and Information
      DATA
      • Data refers to details, facts about any event.
      • Data is generally disorganized and disintegrated in form
      • Data is in raw form.
      • Data cannot be understood or made use of by the user.
      • Data does not depend upon information.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Information
      • Information refers to only those events which are concerned with entity.
      • Information is properly arranged, classified and organised.
      • Information is understood and used by the users.
      • Information is based upon and derived from data.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Information system
      Formal information system
      It is the system which is based on defined procedures and rules for providing information(computer based information system).
      Manual information system
      Uses paper and pencil technology to provide information(manual account keeping).
      information system can also be considered as a organizational and management solution based on information technology
      Rupali Dhir
    • Classification of information system
      • Strategic information
      planning
      • Tactical information
      controlling
      • Operational information
      internal /external system
      Rupali Dhir
    • Characteristics of information
      • Timelines : timelines means that information must reach the respective receiver within the prescribe time frame.
      • Relevant : information said to relevant if it assures specifically for the recipient what,why,where,when. What is relevant for one receiver is not necessarily relevant for another
      Rupali Dhir
      • Completeness: the information which is provided must be complete and should meet all the needs.
      • Accuracy : information must be free form material errors. information must be accurate.
      • Summarization : information should be aggregated in accordance with the user needs.
      • Data base : if the data is stored efficiently and with common usage in mind, one master file can provide the data once, properly validate it and place it on central storage medium that can accessed by any system.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Level of Information System
      Operational level
      Knowledge level
      Management
      Strategic level
      Transaction processing system
      Office automation system
      Knowledge work system
      Management information system
      Decision support system
      Executive support system
      Rupali Dhir
    • Operational level
      These are the information system which are used for monitoring the basic activities and transactions of the organization such as bank transaction recording and automatic teller machines(ATM)
      Rupali Dhir
    • Knowledge level systems
      These information systems support data workers
      And knowledge workers .
      Data workers are the persons who are related with communication and processing of data. E.g. accountants and clerks.
      Knowledge workers are persons which deal with creation of data. E.g. Engineers, scientists and sales managers providing sales data etc.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Management informationsystem
      These information system are used for monitoring, controlling and decision making activities in an organization.
      Rupali Dhir
    • Strategic level systems
      These systems are used for helping top management executive by recording and analysing long term trends both in the firm and in the environment external to the firm.
      Rupali Dhir