Role of Free & Open Source
Softwares(FOSS) in Library
Automation and Management
Dr. Rupak Chakravarty
Dept. of Library & Information Science
Software means computer instructions
or data. Anything that can be stored
electronically is software, in contrast to
storage devices and display devices
which are called hardware.
Software is generally divided into
systems software and applications
3 February 2014
Applications software comprises programs
designed for an end user, such as word
processors, database systems, and
System software (or systems software) is
computer software designed to operate and
control the computer hardware and to provide
a platform for running application software.
(Eg. Operating System)
3 February 2014
The softwares which are free to used by
the end users are called free softwares.
There is no guarantee regarding the
availability of free softwares.
But very useful for the end user as
payment is not involved.
Open Source Softwares - OSS
Open source software is software that can be freely
used, changed, and shared (in modified or unmodified form) by
Open source software is made by many people, and distributed
under licenses that comply with the Open Source Definition.
Open-source software (OSS) is computer software with its source
code made available and licensed with a license in which the
copyright holder provides the rights to study, change and
distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.
• The top four reasons (as provided by Open
Source Business Conference survey)
individuals or organizations choose open
source software are:
– lower cost,
– no vendor 'lock in', and
– better quality.
Free VS Open Source Softwares
• Software is given free.
• Developed by one or a
few individuals or an
• May or may not be
• Individual efforts
• May put price tag
• New features may not
• Software + source code
(program is freely
• Collaborative effort
• Always free
• New versions with
Free/Open Source (FOSS)