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Gothiccathedral 090520093631 Phpapp02

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  • 1. The Gothic Cathedral
  • 2. THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL OBJECTIVES
    • Understand the key structural components of the Gothic cathedral
    • Explain the origins of the Gothic style
    • Analyze the cathedral as an interactive environment
    • Explain the symbolic properties of light and height in the Gothic cathedral
  • 3. Ille de France region
  • 4. Notre Dame, Paris, 1163-1267 THE GOTHIC CATHEDRAL
  • 5. Romanesque style: Ste. Marie, Souillac, France. c. 1130
  • 6. Gothic style: Abbey Church of St. Denis, France, 1220s
  • 7. Gothic Cathedral Architectural Style
    • Began in France in the 12 c .
    • Pointed arches.
    • Flying buttresses.
    • Stained glass windows.
    • Elaborate, ornate interior.
    • Taller, more airy  lots of light.
    • Lavish sculpture  larger-than-life .
  • 8. Development of Gothic Cathedrals
    • Urban revolution: civic pride, rising wealth, intense urban piety
    • Mirrors shift in piety, literature, and the lifestyle of the nobility towards emotional intensity and refinement
    • Structural engineering advances allowed for greater height and took the weight off the walls allowing for the installation of large windows
  • 9. Gothic Cathedrals: 2 major features
    • LIGHT
    • HEIGHT
  • 10. Notre Dame, Paris, ca. 1250, nave & choir
  • 11. Interactive Elements
    • Educational program
    • Inspiring mystical, emotional experience using light and height
  • 12. Abbot Suger: creates the Gothic style at St. Denis Choir, St. Denis, 1140s **First church space to focus on making the ceiling higher and the interior more filled with light **Beginning of new style of church design in France
  • 13. The Gothic Style Emerges Tree of Jesse, window at St. Denis **educational **symbolic of God’s light in your life
  • 14. Royal Chapel of St. Chapelle, Paris, begun 1240s
  • 15. Sainte Chapelle, interior
  • 16. Rose Window : A circular window composed of patterned tracery arranged in petal-like formation.
  • 17. The good, of course, is always beautiful, and the beautiful never lacks proportion. --- Plato Rose Window Chartres Cathedral, Paris
  • 18.  
  • 19. Notre Dame Cathedral **Exterior of cathedrals are also part of the educational program **Numerous relief and partially free-standing sculptures cover the front and sides of the structure—all carefully planned to be part of an overall religious program
  • 20.  
  • 21. Notre Dame, portal carvings
  • 22.  
  • 23. Cathedral Gargoyles
  • 24. HEIGHT Structural Elements
    • Rib Vaults
    • Pointed Arches
    • Flying Buttresses
  • 25. Rib Vault : A relatively thin stone vault set within a framework of ribs.
  • 26. Amiens, nave vaulting, 1220-1247 Nave height: 140 feet
  • 27. Flying Buttress : a free-standing support attached to the outer walls to resist the lateral thrust of a vault Amiens Cathedral Nave cross section
  • 28. Flying Buttress
  • 29. Amiens Cathedral, buttressing
  • 30. Computer graphic: Amiens Source: Amiens Cathedral Project
  • 31. Basilican Floor Plan (Latin Cross)
    • Cathedrals were usually oriented along an east-west axis. The main entrance was on the west end while the liturgical stuff (altar, bishop’s throne, etc.) was located in the east end. They had the shape of a Latin cross.
  • 32. NAVE: the central longitudinal space of a basilican church Basilican Plan (Latin Cross)
  • 33. AISLE: the space between the columns of the nave and the side wall Nartex NARTHEX: A vestibule leading to the nave of a church, originally separated by a screen
  • 34. TRANSEPT : an extension across the main axis giving a church the shape of a cross
  • 35. apse Crossing : area of a church where the nave, choir, and transept intersect Choir: area of the church where the priest performs the mass Apse: vaulted, circular extension or projection at the eastern end of a church
  • 36. Which Interior Is Which?
  • 37. Which Cathedral Style Is Which?