Lessons 5,18,21   Ofd, Air And Space Power Functions, Aef   Doherty 27 Oct 09
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Lessons 5,18,21 Ofd, Air And Space Power Functions, Aef Doherty 27 Oct 09

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    Lessons 5,18,21   Ofd, Air And Space Power Functions, Aef   Doherty 27 Oct 09 Lessons 5,18,21 Ofd, Air And Space Power Functions, Aef Doherty 27 Oct 09 Presentation Transcript

    • Air / Space / Cyber Power Functions F-117 B-2 Lt Col Wayne Doherty 27 Oct 09 USAF
    • Overview  Air/Space/Cyber Maneuver Warfare  Culture of “Airmindedness”  Tenets of Air/Space/Cyber Power  Air/Space/Cyber Distinctive Capabilities  Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions  Air/Space/Cyber Maneuver Warfare Part II
    • Air/Space/Cyber Maneuver Warfare Dimensions of Warfare X Y Z T I Speed Cyber OODA Loop Psyops Siege OPSEC
    • Air Force Culture Principles of Joint Operations Tenets of Air and Space Power Distinctive Capabilities Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions A Culture of “Airmindedness” 4
    • Principles of Joint Operations Principles of • Objective Joint Operations • Offensive • Mass Tenets of Air and • Economy of Force Space Power • Maneuver • Unity of Command Distinctive Capabilities • Security • Surprise Air/Space/Cyber Power • Simplicity Functions • Restraint • Perseverance Generally accepted “truths” which have historically proven effective • Legitimacy 5
    • Tenets of Air/Space/Cyber Power • Centralized control / Principles of Decentralized execution Joint Operations • Flexible and Versatile Tenets of Air and • Synergistic effects Space Power • Persistence • Concentration of Purpose Distinctive Capabilities • Priority • Balance Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions Fundamental guiding “truths” 6
    • Distinctive Capabilities  Air & Space Superiority – Freedom to attack and freedom from attack  Information Superiority – Collect, control, exploit and defend information  Global Attack – Anywhere on the globe at any time  Precision Engagement – The “scalpel” of joint service ops  Rapid Global Mobility – Timely movement, positioning, and sustainment  Agile Combat Support – Highly responsive support for forces deployed forward BOTTOM LINE: WE DO ALL THIS AND DENY THE ADVERSARY THE ABILITY TO DO THE SAME TO US!
    • Air/Space/Cyber Power Limitations • Reliance on technology Principles of Joint Operations • Cost • High Demand / Low Density Tenets of Air and • Access …basing, overflight Space Power • Weather considerations • Urban fight … COIN? Distinctive Capabilities • Others? Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions 9
    • Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions Principles of Joint Operations Tenets of Air and What are Space Power Distinctive Capabilities they??? Air/Space/Cyber Power BLUF: This is how we Functions apply air and space power to achieve our objectives. 10
    • Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions  Strategic Attack  Air Refueling  Counterair  Spacelift  Counterspace  Special Operations  Counterland  Intelligence  Countersea  Surveillance &  Information Operations Reconnaissance  Combat Support  Combat SAR  Command & Control  Navigation & Positioning  Airlift  Weather Services – Affect the X,Y, Z, T, and I Dimensions simultaneously
    • STRATEGIC ATTACK  Intent is to achieve objectives without first necessarily engaging enemy fielded forces  Targets are enemy strategic centers of gravity (COGs)  Effects may not be realized immediately (like •It is the desired effects, CAS) not the weapon, that determines if a mission is strategic attack
    • COUNTERAIR  (OCA) Seek out and neutralize or destroy enemy air forces, air bases, and launch facilities at a time and place of our choosing  (DCA) To detect, identify, intercept, and destroy enemy airborne assets attempting to attack friendly forces or penetrating friendly airspace
    • COUNTERSPACE  Involves those kinetic and nonkinetic operations conducted to attain and maintain a desired degree of space superiority by the destruction, degradation, or disruption of enemy space capability – OCS- deny, degrade, disrupt, destroy, or deceive an adversary’s space capability – DCS- Operations preserve space capabilities, withstand enemy attack, restore/recover space capabilities after an attack, and reconstitute space forces
    • COUNTERLAND Involves those operations conducted to attain a desired degree of superiority for ground forces  CAS... air operations against AC-130H hostile targets in close GUNSHIP proximity to friendly forces and require detailed integration with the fire and maneuver of those forces  Air interdiction ... operations A-10 conducted to divert, disrupt, Warthog delay, or destroy enemy surface military potential before it can be used
    • COUNTERLAND "Qusay Hussein ordered three Republican Guard divisions to maneuver into position to oppose the U.S. advance to "We're not softening them up; we're Baghdad. But the divisions were essentially destroyed by airstrikes when theykilling them.” miles south of were still about 30 the capital. This affected the morale of the troops. The Iraqi will to fight was broken outside Baghdad." JFACC - Lt Gen Moseley, - Iraqi General Staff Colonel Ghassan
    • COUNTERSEA  An extension of Air Force capabilities into a maritime environment – Sea surveillance – Antiship warfare – Protection of sea LOCs – Minelaying – Air refueling naval assets
    • INFORMATION OPERATIONS  Actionstaken to influence, affect, or defend information systems and/or decision-making to create effects across the battlespace. – Influence Operations – Electronic Warfare – Network Warfare
    • COMBAT SUPPORT  The essential capabilities, functions, activities, and tasks necessary to create and sustain air and space forces.
    • COMMAND AND CONTROL  Centralized C2 of air and space forces under a single Airman is a fundamental principle of air and space doctrine.
    • AIRLIFT  Inter theater airlift – CONUS to theater – Between theaters – Within CONUS  Intra theater airlift – Within commander’s area of responsibility
    • AIR REFUELING  ForceEnabler- Increases range or endurance of receivers  Force Multiplier- Allows aircraft to takeoff with higher payloads and not sacrifice payload for fuel
    • SPACELIFT  The AF provides spacelift for 4 basic purposes – Deploy systems to fulfill new requirements – Sustain existing systems close to failure – Augment existing systems with redundancy or additional capability – Servicing and maintaining existing or newly deployed systems
    • SPECIAL OPERATIONS  The use of special airpower operations (denied territory mobility, surgical firepower, and special tactics) to conduct the following: – Unconventional warfare – Direct action – Special reconnaissance – Counterterrorism – Foreign Internal Defense – PSYOPS – Counterproliferation
    • INTELLIGENCE  Effective air intelligence results when actionable information derived from a detailed understanding of adversary systems, capabilities, and intentions is delivered in time to make germane planning and operational decisions on how, when, and where to engage enemy forces.
    • SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE  Surveillance- function of observing air, space, surface, or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means (passive watching)  Recon- obtaining specific info about the activities and resources of an enemy (active doing)  AF has the platforms to do this in real-time, day or night, good weather or bad!
    • COMBAT SEARCH AND RESCUE  Specific task performed by rescue forces to recover isolated personnel during war or MOOTW – CSAR is an element of Personnel Recovery (PR)
    • NAVIGATION AND POSITIONING  Provides accurate location and time of reference in support of strategic, operational and tactical operations
    • WEATHER SERVICES  Supplies timely and accurate environmental information, including both space environment and atmospheric weather
    • Air and Space Maneuver Warfare  Strategic Movement / Maneuver – Global Mobility – Deploy/Employ/Redeploy/Sustain/MEDEVAC/MOOTW – Army uses 60% of AF provided airlift (AF 25%, Nav/Mar 15%) – Inter-theater (movement & maneuver) – Global Attack – Lethal and non lethal (fires,IO, etc) – Anywhere/anytime (proximity doesn’t matter)
    • Air and Space Maneuver Warfare  Tactical Maneuver and Fires – Fighter maneuvers to Six O’clock for a gun kill – Bomber maneuvers to precision munitions release envelope – Airdrop of Airborne troops into combat
    • Air and Space Maneuver Warfare  Operational Maneuver and Fires from the Air – Strike directly at enemy COGs, vital centers, and critical vulnerabilities – Proceed directly to targets without regard to Gives surface forces freedom of enemy forces or terrain action…enhances the effectiveness of the – Provide air superiorityjoint force friendly freedom entire permitting of maneuver. – Provide widespread Precision Strike, persistent ISR, comprehensive SA
    • Air and Space Maneuver Warfare  Operational Maneuver and Fires from the Air – Symmetric force-on-force sometimes required – Air-to-air combat and SEAD to achieve air superiority – Battle of Britain – Parallel & asymmetric operations (most effective) – Simultaneous strikes on wide array of targets over entire JOA – Speed/Range/3D advantage – Maximum effect across entire enemy system – Should be conducted with other elements of joint force, but capable of operational schemes of maneuver independent of or supported by surface maneuver forces – Centralized control/decentralized execution – The master tenet – The basis for the JFACC
    • Air and Space Maneuver Warfare  Operational Maneuver and Fires from the Air – Effects Based Operations – Airman must think through the full range of outcomes, events, and consequences that result from an action – Offer commanders options beyond annihilation or attrition – Commanders can focus on meeting objectives rather than managing target lists
    • Interim Summary  Air/Space/Cyber Maneuver Warfare  Culture of “Airmindedness”  Tenets of Air/Space/Cyber Power  Air/Space/Cyber Distinctive Capabilities  Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions  Air/Space/Cyber Maneuver Warfare Part II
    • Overall Interim Summary - Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions – - Complete! - Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF) – - Go to separate briefing - Officer Force Development – - Continue main briefing - Language Survey Data Collection 36
    • Officer Force Development • What is it? • What are the levels of development? • How does the assignment system play into officer force development? • Training and education opportunities? 37
    • Officer Force Development (OFD) • What is it? • What are the levels of development? • How does the assignment system play into OFD? • Training and education opportunities? • Tactical level development • Officer Evaluation System impacts? • Officer Promotion System - Performance in primary duties (pro competence) - Demonstrated leadership - Breadth and depth of experience = selected for advancement into higher grade and more demanding leadership positions • Officer Selection Folder 41
    • Overall Summary - Air/Space/Cyber Power Functions – - Complete! - Air and Space Expeditionary Force (AEF) – - Go to separate briefing - Officer Force Development – - Continue main briefing - Language Survey Data Collection 43
    • Next Class – 3 Nov 09  Prepare for Lesson 22: International Studies – East Asia – Small Groups responsible for 5 minute Briefings – Topics listed on Page 239 of Text (Let’s Split Up) – Corresponding Bullet Background Papers Due as well – Remainder of class Military Law Case – Attempted Murder! - Commander’s Perspective - Court-Martial Board President Perspective 44