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Lessons 2,6,7   Constitution, Fwa, Civ Control Of Mil   Doherty 1 Sep 09
 

Lessons 2,6,7 Constitution, Fwa, Civ Control Of Mil Doherty 1 Sep 09

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    Lessons 2,6,7   Constitution, Fwa, Civ Control Of Mil   Doherty 1 Sep 09 Lessons 2,6,7 Constitution, Fwa, Civ Control Of Mil Doherty 1 Sep 09 Presentation Transcript

    • AS4100Lessons 6, 7 & 2
      The Constitution
      Civilian Control of the Military
      AF Complaint/FWA Programs
      1
    • Overview
      3 “up” / 3 “down” & Admin Time
      The Constitution
      BREAK – GROUP EXERCISE PREP
      Execute GROUP EXERCISE
      Civilian Control of the Military
      AF Complaint/FWA Programs
      “Air Force Topic of Your Choice”
      2
    • 3
      The U.S.ConstitutionWhy Do You Care???
      - U.S. is First an Longest Lasting Constitutional Republic- We are citizens- We are Airmen who take and Oath, swearing to “support and defend the Constitution of the United States
    • Debtor Rebellion
      Western Massachusetts
      British Refuse to Evacuate Forts
      Indians Supported by British
      Block Western Expansion
      Spanish Deny Use of
      Mississippi River
      Strategic Situation – United States 1783-1787
    • 5
      Origins of the Constitution
      Philosophical Ideas
      John Locke
      Declaration of Independence
      Articles of Confederation
      Shay’s Rebellion
      The Great Compromise
      The Federalists Papers
      Ratification debate
    • 6
      Constitutional Principles and Provisions
      Federalism
      Enumerated Powers
      Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances
    • 7
      Elements of the Constitution and its Amendments
      Preamble
      Articles (I through VI groups of 2, I’ll take 7)
      First 10 Amendments to the Constitution = “The Bill of Rights”
      Other Amendments (Favorites?)
    • THE CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL SECURITY
      We, the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,
      insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the
      Blessing of the Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United
      States of America.
      President (Article II)
      • All Executive Powers
      • Oath to Defend the Constitution
      • Faithfully Execute the Laws
      Congress (Article I)
      • All Legislative Powers
      • Allowed to Maintain Secret Journal
      President (Article II, Section 2)
      • Commander in Chief
      • Propose Treaties with “advice and consent” of 2/3 Senate
      • Nominate Ambassadors
      • Receive Ambassador
      • Appoint Inferior Officers
      Congress (Article I, Section 8)
      • Lay and Collect Taxes to “pay debts” and “provide for the common defense”
      • Regulate Commerce with Foreign Nations
      • Punish Piracies
      • Declare War and Grant Letter of Marque
      • To Raise and Support Armies (2YR Limit)
      • To Provide and Maintain a Navy
      • To Make Rules for Land and Naval Forces
      • Arm and Discipline Militia
      • Erection of Forts and Magazines
      • Make all Laws Necessary and Proper
      Article IV, Section 4
      • Protection Against Invasion Guarantee
      • Protection Against Insurrection
      Amendments
      • Amendment II - Well Regulated Militia
      • Amendment III- Unlawful Quartering
      • Amendment V - Grand Jury Exception
    • 9
      Break& EXERCISEYou will formally introduce your classmates as if you were presenting them as DVs ready to give a speech to your Wing. Everyone does at least one introduction
    • 10
      Civilian Control of the Military
      Constitutional Powers of the President and the executive branch
      Congressional powers and responsibilities
    • 11
      The Keyto Democracies
      Supreme power vested in the people
      Create a government to protect human rights
      Government does not give people their rights– it is instituted to protect rights which already exist!
    • 12
      Accountability
      Military officers have to be responsible for using the tool (military) in the way the government/people wish.
    • 13
      Society must trust us!
      Officers are commissioned to wield violence on society’s behalf--never on their own behalf!
      subordinate nature
      inherent in constitution
      balancing liberty and security
    • 14
      Constitutional Powers
      (President and
      the Executive Branch)
      Foreign Policy Powers
      Chief Executive
      Chief Negotiator & Diplomat
      Executive Agreements
      Formal Obligations between US and foreign
      governments
      Do Not require Senate approval
      Example: Status of Forces
      Agreement (SOFA)
      Authority to Appoint
      & Remove Officials
    • 15
      Foreign Policy Powers
      Chief Executive
      First sentence in Article II: “The Executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States”
      “He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed”
      Commander-In-Chief
      Does the President have final authority to commit troops abroad?
    • 16
      Growth of Executive
      Dominance
      Historical Precedents
      Represent US abroad
      Negotiate international agreements
      Recognize other states
      Initiate conduct of foreign policy
    • 17
      Growth of Executive
      Dominance
      Supreme Court Decisions
      Generally supported Presidents in foreign policy
      Congressional Deference & Delegation
      Delegates foreign policy prerogatives to President
    • 18
      Public Press
      Congress
      Government Account Office Congressional Budget Office
      Executive Departments
      and Agencies
      Senate Committees
      Armed Services
      House Committees
      Armed Services
      Arms Control
      Agency
      DOE
      International
      Relations
      Executive Departments
      Foreign Relations
      White
      House
      Office
      Interior
      Domestic
      Council
      Treasury
      Radio/
      Television
      Budget
      Close
      Interest
      Group
      Budget
      FBI
      CIA
      President
      Rules
      NSC
      OMB
      Council
      of Econ
      Advisors
      Advisors
      Energy and
      National
      Resources
      Science and
      Technology
      State
      Justice
      Office of Science and
      Technology Policy
      National
      Security
      Agency
      Commerce
      Defense
      OSD, JCS, Army
      Navy, Air Force, DIA
      Appropriations
      Appropriations
      Governmental
      Affairs
      Governmental
      Operations
      Executive Institutions and
      Policy Influences
      Interested Individuals
    • 19
      Growth of Executive Dominance
      Growth of Executive Institutions
      Foreign policy machinery grew considerably since WWII
      National Security Act of 1947
      Created NSC, CIA, and DoD (and what else?)
      Gave President an intelligence advisor (CIA) and military advisor (CJCS), and national defense advisor (Sec of Def)
    • 20
      Congressional
      Constitutional Powers
      to declare war
      to raise and maintain an army and navy
      ``To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions''
      “To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.''
    • 21
      Congressional Constitutional
      Roles And Duties
      Senate was given advise and consent power
      Responsible for ratifying treaties
      Approves the President's nominees for such high-level federal positions as cabinet officers and ambassadors
    • 22
      Congressional Constitutional
      Roles And Duties
      The House was given the authority to originate all revenue bills and tradition has extended this power of origination to spending bills as well
      Sets the framework for the important questions of collecting taxes and raising money for the U.S. Treasury and then distributing it through legislative appropriations
    • 23
      War Powers Resolution Act
      Passed in 1973
      Can only deploy troops under:
      declaration of war
      statuary authorization
      national emergency
      Report to Congress within 48 hours
      Report status periodically to Congress
    • 24
      War Powers Resolution Act
      Limit of 60 days without declaration of war (with a 30 day extension for troop withdrawal)
      Keeps US from getting into war without clear resolution
      Reassert the war powers under Article I of Constitution
    • Did the U.S. Ever Declare War against Iraq this decade?Did the President Declare War?Did Congress Declare War? As Airmen, what do we have to hang our hats on if another unpopular war breaks out???
      25
      The Iraq Resolution or the Iraq War Resolution (formally the Authorization for Use of Military
      Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 [1], Pub.L. 107-243, 116 Stat. 1498, enacted
      October 16, 2002, H.J.Res. 114) is a joint resolution (i.e., a law) passed by the
      United States Congress in October 2002 as Public Law No: 107-243, authorizing the Iraq War.
    • AF Complaint/FWA Programs
      PURPOSE:
      Air Force Complaint Programs: can help commanders discover and correct problems affecting the productivity and morale of assigned personnel- Measure confidence in AF leadership
      - Issues are objectively and fully resolved without fear of reprisal
      - Ensure that problems affecting the Air Force mission are resolved promptly and fairly
      - Provide feedback critical to success of each individual
      - Help ensure resources are used effectively and efficiently
      - Ensure management reveals and corrects false perceptions about goals, plans, and projects
      Why is it importance to initially use the Chain of Command to
      resolve complaints?
    • AF Complaint/FWA Programs
      Fraud - any intentional deception designed to unlawfully deprive the Air Force of
      something of value or to secure from the Air Force for an individual a benefit,
      privilege, allowance, or consideration to which he or she is not entitled
      Waste- the extravagant, careless, or needless expenditure of Air Force funds
      or the consumption of Air Force property that results from deficient practices,
      systems controls, or decisions
      Abuse - Intentional, wrongful or improper use of Air Force resources through the
      misuse of rank, position, or authority
      The primary focus of the Fraud, Waste, and Abuse (FWA) Program is on
      Preventing the loss of Air Force resources.
      What then would be an individual’s (YOUR) responsibility concerning
      the Fraud, Waste, and Abuse (FWA) Program?
    • AF Complaint/FWA Programs
      You should always notify your supervisor or file a complaint if you reasonably believe inappropriate conduct has occurred or a violation of law, policy, procedure, or regulation has been committed. But, there are other means to improve our Air Force. One doesn’t have to make a formal complaint to change a practice or process.
      One avenue to make changesis through the Air Force Innovative Development through Employee Awareness (IDEA) Program. The IDEA program encourages creative thinking and makes innovative ideas available to benefit the Air Force.
      The program allows for submission, evaluation, and cash or non-cash recognition for approved ideas and also provides for timely responses to individuals, groups, or teams on the disposition of ideas. These Ideas saved the Air Force more than 42 million dollars between October 2001 and March 2002. During that period, the Air Force paid more than a million dollars in rewards.
    • “Air ForceTopic of Your Choice”
      29
    • Next Class
      Prepare for Lessons:
      3, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13
      “Skim” the Security CBT for Lesson 3. Lt Col Doherty will summarizein class
      8, 9, 10 – We split up now
      12 & 13 We split up now as well
      Each Cadet responsible for 2 lessons and will lead discussions along with Lt Col Doherty
      Blackboard Course Postings
      I will post slides AFTER class
      30
    • Summary
      3 “up” / 3 “down” & Admin Time
      The Constitution
      BREAK – GROUP EXERCISE PREP
      Execute GROUP EXERCISE
      Civilian Control of the Military
      AF Complaint/FWA Programs
      “Air Force Topic of Your Choice”
      31
    • QUESTIONS?