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Lessons 2,6,7 Constitution, Fwa, Civ Control Of Mil Doherty 1 Sep 09

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  • 1. AS4100Lessons 6, 7 & 2
    The Constitution
    Civilian Control of the Military
    AF Complaint/FWA Programs
    1
  • 2. Overview
    3 “up” / 3 “down” & Admin Time
    The Constitution
    BREAK – GROUP EXERCISE PREP
    Execute GROUP EXERCISE
    Civilian Control of the Military
    AF Complaint/FWA Programs
    “Air Force Topic of Your Choice”
    2
  • 3. 3
    The U.S.ConstitutionWhy Do You Care???
    - U.S. is First an Longest Lasting Constitutional Republic- We are citizens- We are Airmen who take and Oath, swearing to “support and defend the Constitution of the United States
  • 4. Debtor Rebellion
    Western Massachusetts
    British Refuse to Evacuate Forts
    Indians Supported by British
    Block Western Expansion
    Spanish Deny Use of
    Mississippi River
    Strategic Situation – United States 1783-1787
  • 5. 5
    Origins of the Constitution
    Philosophical Ideas
    John Locke
    Declaration of Independence
    Articles of Confederation
    Shay’s Rebellion
    The Great Compromise
    The Federalists Papers
    Ratification debate
  • 6. 6
    Constitutional Principles and Provisions
    Federalism
    Enumerated Powers
    Separation of Powers/Checks and Balances
  • 7. 7
    Elements of the Constitution and its Amendments
    Preamble
    Articles (I through VI groups of 2, I’ll take 7)
    First 10 Amendments to the Constitution = “The Bill of Rights”
    Other Amendments (Favorites?)
  • 8. THE CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR NATIONAL SECURITY
    We, the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice,
    insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the
    Blessing of the Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution of the United
    States of America.
    President (Article II)
    • All Executive Powers
    • 9. Oath to Defend the Constitution
    • 10. Faithfully Execute the Laws
    Congress (Article I)
    • All Legislative Powers
    • 11. Allowed to Maintain Secret Journal
    President (Article II, Section 2)
    • Commander in Chief
    • 12. Propose Treaties with “advice and consent” of 2/3 Senate
    • 13. Nominate Ambassadors
    • 14. Receive Ambassador
    • 15. Appoint Inferior Officers
    Congress (Article I, Section 8)
    • Lay and Collect Taxes to “pay debts” and “provide for the common defense”
    • 16. Regulate Commerce with Foreign Nations
    • 17. Punish Piracies
    • 18. Declare War and Grant Letter of Marque
    • 19. To Raise and Support Armies (2YR Limit)
    • 20. To Provide and Maintain a Navy
    • 21. To Make Rules for Land and Naval Forces
    • 22. Arm and Discipline Militia
    • 23. Erection of Forts and Magazines
    • 24. Make all Laws Necessary and Proper
    Article IV, Section 4
    • Protection Against Invasion Guarantee
    • 25. Protection Against Insurrection
    Amendments
    • Amendment II - Well Regulated Militia
    • 26. Amendment III- Unlawful Quartering
    • 27. Amendment V - Grand Jury Exception
  • 9
    Break& EXERCISEYou will formally introduce your classmates as if you were presenting them as DVs ready to give a speech to your Wing. Everyone does at least one introduction
  • 28. 10
    Civilian Control of the Military
    Constitutional Powers of the President and the executive branch
    Congressional powers and responsibilities
  • 29. 11
    The Keyto Democracies
    Supreme power vested in the people
    Create a government to protect human rights
    Government does not give people their rights– it is instituted to protect rights which already exist!
  • 30. 12
    Accountability
    Military officers have to be responsible for using the tool (military) in the way the government/people wish.
  • 31. 13
    Society must trust us!
    Officers are commissioned to wield violence on society’s behalf--never on their own behalf!
    subordinate nature
    inherent in constitution
    balancing liberty and security
  • 32. 14
    Constitutional Powers
    (President and
    the Executive Branch)
    Foreign Policy Powers
    Chief Executive
    Chief Negotiator & Diplomat
    Executive Agreements
    Formal Obligations between US and foreign
    governments
    Do Not require Senate approval
    Example: Status of Forces
    Agreement (SOFA)
    Authority to Appoint
    & Remove Officials
  • 33. 15
    Foreign Policy Powers
    Chief Executive
    First sentence in Article II: “The Executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States”
    “He shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed”
    Commander-In-Chief
    Does the President have final authority to commit troops abroad?
  • 34. 16
    Growth of Executive
    Dominance
    Historical Precedents
    Represent US abroad
    Negotiate international agreements
    Recognize other states
    Initiate conduct of foreign policy
  • 35. 17
    Growth of Executive
    Dominance
    Supreme Court Decisions
    Generally supported Presidents in foreign policy
    Congressional Deference & Delegation
    Delegates foreign policy prerogatives to President
  • 36. 18
    Public Press
    Congress
    Government Account Office Congressional Budget Office
    Executive Departments
    and Agencies
    Senate Committees
    Armed Services
    House Committees
    Armed Services
    Arms Control
    Agency
    DOE
    International
    Relations
    Executive Departments
    Foreign Relations
    White
    House
    Office
    Interior
    Domestic
    Council
    Treasury
    Radio/
    Television
    Budget
    Close
    Interest
    Group
    Budget
    FBI
    CIA
    President
    Rules
    NSC
    OMB
    Council
    of Econ
    Advisors
    Advisors
    Energy and
    National
    Resources
    Science and
    Technology
    State
    Justice
    Office of Science and
    Technology Policy
    National
    Security
    Agency
    Commerce
    Defense
    OSD, JCS, Army
    Navy, Air Force, DIA
    Appropriations
    Appropriations
    Governmental
    Affairs
    Governmental
    Operations
    Executive Institutions and
    Policy Influences
    Interested Individuals
  • 37. 19
    Growth of Executive Dominance
    Growth of Executive Institutions
    Foreign policy machinery grew considerably since WWII
    National Security Act of 1947
    Created NSC, CIA, and DoD (and what else?)
    Gave President an intelligence advisor (CIA) and military advisor (CJCS), and national defense advisor (Sec of Def)
  • 38. 20
    Congressional
    Constitutional Powers
    to declare war
    to raise and maintain an army and navy
    ``To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions''
    “To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.''
  • 39. 21
    Congressional Constitutional
    Roles And Duties
    Senate was given advise and consent power
    Responsible for ratifying treaties
    Approves the President's nominees for such high-level federal positions as cabinet officers and ambassadors
  • 40. 22
    Congressional Constitutional
    Roles And Duties
    The House was given the authority to originate all revenue bills and tradition has extended this power of origination to spending bills as well
    Sets the framework for the important questions of collecting taxes and raising money for the U.S. Treasury and then distributing it through legislative appropriations
  • 41. 23
    War Powers Resolution Act
    Passed in 1973
    Can only deploy troops under:
    declaration of war
    statuary authorization
    national emergency
    Report to Congress within 48 hours
    Report status periodically to Congress
  • 42. 24
    War Powers Resolution Act
    Limit of 60 days without declaration of war (with a 30 day extension for troop withdrawal)
    Keeps US from getting into war without clear resolution
    Reassert the war powers under Article I of Constitution
  • 43. Did the U.S. Ever Declare War against Iraq this decade?Did the President Declare War?Did Congress Declare War? As Airmen, what do we have to hang our hats on if another unpopular war breaks out???
    25
    The Iraq Resolution or the Iraq War Resolution (formally the Authorization for Use of Military
    Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002 [1], Pub.L. 107-243, 116 Stat. 1498, enacted
    October 16, 2002, H.J.Res. 114) is a joint resolution (i.e., a law) passed by the
    United States Congress in October 2002 as Public Law No: 107-243, authorizing the Iraq War.
  • 44. AF Complaint/FWA Programs
    PURPOSE:
    Air Force Complaint Programs: can help commanders discover and correct problems affecting the productivity and morale of assigned personnel- Measure confidence in AF leadership
    - Issues are objectively and fully resolved without fear of reprisal
    - Ensure that problems affecting the Air Force mission are resolved promptly and fairly
    - Provide feedback critical to success of each individual
    - Help ensure resources are used effectively and efficiently
    - Ensure management reveals and corrects false perceptions about goals, plans, and projects
    Why is it importance to initially use the Chain of Command to
    resolve complaints?
  • 45. AF Complaint/FWA Programs
    Fraud - any intentional deception designed to unlawfully deprive the Air Force of
    something of value or to secure from the Air Force for an individual a benefit,
    privilege, allowance, or consideration to which he or she is not entitled
    Waste- the extravagant, careless, or needless expenditure of Air Force funds
    or the consumption of Air Force property that results from deficient practices,
    systems controls, or decisions
    Abuse - Intentional, wrongful or improper use of Air Force resources through the
    misuse of rank, position, or authority
    The primary focus of the Fraud, Waste, and Abuse (FWA) Program is on
    Preventing the loss of Air Force resources.
    What then would be an individual’s (YOUR) responsibility concerning
    the Fraud, Waste, and Abuse (FWA) Program?
  • 46. AF Complaint/FWA Programs
    You should always notify your supervisor or file a complaint if you reasonably believe inappropriate conduct has occurred or a violation of law, policy, procedure, or regulation has been committed. But, there are other means to improve our Air Force. One doesn’t have to make a formal complaint to change a practice or process.
    One avenue to make changesis through the Air Force Innovative Development through Employee Awareness (IDEA) Program. The IDEA program encourages creative thinking and makes innovative ideas available to benefit the Air Force.
    The program allows for submission, evaluation, and cash or non-cash recognition for approved ideas and also provides for timely responses to individuals, groups, or teams on the disposition of ideas. These Ideas saved the Air Force more than 42 million dollars between October 2001 and March 2002. During that period, the Air Force paid more than a million dollars in rewards.
  • 47. “Air ForceTopic of Your Choice”
    29
  • 48. Next Class
    Prepare for Lessons:
    3, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13
    “Skim” the Security CBT for Lesson 3. Lt Col Doherty will summarizein class
    8, 9, 10 – We split up now
    12 & 13 We split up now as well
    Each Cadet responsible for 2 lessons and will lead discussions along with Lt Col Doherty
    Blackboard Course Postings
    I will post slides AFTER class
    30
  • 49. Summary
    3 “up” / 3 “down” & Admin Time
    The Constitution
    BREAK – GROUP EXERCISE PREP
    Execute GROUP EXERCISE
    Civilian Control of the Military
    AF Complaint/FWA Programs
    “Air Force Topic of Your Choice”
    31
  • 50. QUESTIONS?