Lessons 14, 15, And 16 Prin Of War, War And Amer Mil, And Do D Doherty 29 Sep 09

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Lessons 14, 15, And 16 Prin Of War, War And Amer Mil, And Do D Doherty 29 Sep 09

  1. 1. AS-4100Lessons 14, 15 & 16<br />Principles of War<br />War & The American Military<br />The Department of Defense<br />Lt Col Wayne Doherty<br />29 Sep 09<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />- LLAB & Meal Deal 3 up/3 down <br />-- Debrief (5 min)<br />- 440 CW/CC “State of the Cadet Wing”<br />-- Briefing (10 min)<br />- Principles of War <br />-- Short Movie (20 min)<br />-- OPERATION DESERT STORM (5 min)<br />-- 12 Principles of Joint Operations Discussion (1 for each student – 20 min)<br />- The Department of Defense (10 min) <br />- War and the American Military (10 min)<br />- AF Topic of Your Choice (10 min) <br />* Recommendations for Living Arrangements as 2d Lts<br />
  3. 3. Principles of War – plus!<br />Unity of command<br /> Security<br /> Surprise<br />Simplicity<br /> Restraint<br /> Perseverance<br />Objective<br /> Offensive<br /> Mass<br /> Economy of force<br />Maneuver<br /> Legitimacy<br />
  4. 4. Principles of Joint Operations<br />Unity of command<br /> Security<br /> Surprise<br />Simplicity<br /> Restraint<br /> Perseverance<br />Objective<br /> Offensive<br /> Mass<br /> Economy of force<br />Maneuver<br /> Legitimacy<br />Handouts<br />
  5. 5. Video<br />Insert Movie File<br />
  6. 6. History<br />Sun Tzu<br />Napoleon<br />JFC Fuller<br />
  7. 7.
  8. 8. The “Left Hook”<br />
  9. 9. Objective<br />Directs military operations toward a defined and attainable objective that contributes to strategic, operational, or tactical aims.<br />
  10. 10. Offensive<br />Dictates that we act rather than react and dictate the time, place, purpose, scope, intensity, and pace of operations. The initiative must be seized, retained, and<br /> fully exploited.<br />
  11. 11. Mass<br />Concentrates combat power at the decisive time and place.<br />Mass in WWII<br />Mass Today<br />
  12. 12. Economy of Force<br />Creates usable mass by using minimum combat power on secondary objectives. Makes fullest use of forces available.<br />
  13. 13. Maneuver<br />Places the enemy in a position of disadvantage through the flexible application of combat power.<br />
  14. 14. Unity of Command<br />Ensures unity of effort for every objective under one responsible commander.<br />
  15. 15. Security<br />Protects friendly forces and their operations from enemy actions which could provide the enemy with unexpected advantage.<br />
  16. 16. Surprise<br />Strikes the enemy at a time or place or in a manner for which he is unprepared.<br />
  17. 17. Simplicity<br />Avoids unnecessary complexity in preparing, planning, and conducting military operations.<br />Source: http://www.efreedomnews.com/images/Iraq/GulfWarMap.gif<br />Used under Fair Use<br />
  18. 18. Restraint<br />
  19. 19. Perseverance<br />
  20. 20. Legitimacy<br />
  21. 21. WELCOME TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE<br />
  22. 22. How we evolved<br />Air<br />Marine<br />Coast<br />Force<br />Corps<br />Guard<br />SecDef position created<br />Nat’l Mil Estab<br />Dept. of Defense<br />DoD created (1949)<br />Army<br />Navy<br /> 1798<br />1947<br />1775<br />1775<br />1775<br />War Department (1789)<br /> Dept. of the Army<br />Department of the Navy (1798)<br />Dept. of the AF<br />America’s oldest company<br />
  23. 23. 5.2 million strong<br /><ul><li>1.4 million active duty
  24. 24. 673,000 civilians
  25. 25. 1.2 million Guard and Reserve
  26. 26. 2.0 million retirees & families receiving benefits</li></ul>America’s largest company<br />
  27. 27. Our global infrastructure<br /><ul><li>Operates from more than 6,000 locations
  28. 28. Using more than 30 million acres
  29. 29. More than 600,000 buildings and structures</li></ul>America’s largest company<br />
  30. 30. Worldwide presence<br /><ul><li>More than 146 countries
  31. 31. Some 473,881 personnel overseas or afloat</li></ul>America’s largest company<br />
  32. 32. In comparison ...<br /> Budget/ <br />CompanyRevenue*Employees*<br />DoD $439 billion 2,073,000<br />Wal-Mart 305 billion 1,700,000 <br />ExxonMobile 354 billion 85,900<br />GM 192 billion 324,000 <br />Ford 175 billion 325,400 <br />America’s largest company<br />
  33. 33. America’s Largest Company<br />America’s Largest Company<br />Our Headquarters<br />Our Headquarters<br />Pentagon <br />–<br />facts and figures<br />§<br />Construction: 16 months/$83 million<br />•<br />Corridors: 17 ½ miles<br />•<br />Employees: 25,000<br />•<br />Bldg size: 29 acres<br />•<br />Office Space: 3.8M ft2<br />•<br />Parking Space: 67 acres<br />•<br />Circumference: 9/10<br />mile<br />th<br />•<br />Who we work for<br />The United States Congress<br />
  34. 34. America’s Busiest Company<br />America’s Busiest Company<br />Every month we...<br />Every month we...<br />Cut 5 million paychecks<br />§<br />Take 920,000 contracts or purchase <br />§<br />actions<br />Fit 50,000 pairs of boots<br />§<br />Serve 3.4 million meals<br />§<br />
  35. 35. America’s Busiest Company<br />America’s Busiest Company<br />On any given day we...<br />On any given day we...<br />Buy enough fuel to drive a car around the <br />§<br />world 13,000 times<br />Maintain 12,000 miles of waterways<br />§<br />Operate 24% of US hydropower capacity<br />§<br />Manage 232 high schools and elementary <br />§<br />schools<br />Provide day care for more than 200,000 <br />§<br />children<br />Who we work for<br />
  36. 36. America’s Busiest Company<br />America’s Busiest Company<br />Last Year we...<br />Last Year we...<br />Recruited 217,000 military<br />§<br />Hired 19,700 civilians<br />§<br />Separated 220,000 military and 50,000 <br />§<br />civilians<br />24% turnover<br />§<br />
  37. 37. How we<br />’<br />re organized<br />President<br /><ul><li> President
  38. 38. Secretary of Defense</li></ul>Office of the Secretary of Defense<br />Military Departments<br />Chairman of the JCS<br /><ul><li> Plan & coordinate
  39. 39. Train & equip</li></ul>Unified Commands<br /><ul><li> Conduct operations
  40. 40. Organization</li></li></ul><li>Office of the Secretary of Defense<br />Unified Commands<br />Chairman of the JCS<br />Military Departments<br /><ul><li>Services train and equip</li></ul>Department of Defense<br />Military Departments<br />Dept of <br />Homeland <br />Security<br />U.S. Marine Corps<br />U.S. Navy<br />U.S. Air Force<br />U.S. Army<br />U.S. Coast <br />Guard<br />
  41. 41. Office of the Secretary of Defense<br />Unified Commands<br />Military Departments<br />Chairman, JCS<br />Vice Chairman, JCS<br />Chief of Staff, Army<br />Commandant, Marine Corps <br />Chief of Naval Operations<br />Chief of Staff, Air Force<br />Secretary of Defense<br />Deputy Secretary of Defense<br />Chairman of the JCS<br />Director,<br />Joint Staff<br />J-1<br />Manpower and<br />Personnel<br />J-2<br />Intelligence<br />(DIA)<br />J-3<br />Operations<br />J-4<br />Logistics<br />J-5<br />Strategic<br />Plans & Policy<br />J-6<br />Command,Control<br />Communications <br />Computers<br />J-7<br />Operational Plans & Interoperability<br />J-8<br />Force Structure,<br />Resources &<br />Assessment<br />Plans and coordinates<br />
  42. 42. Office of the Secretary of Defense<br />Chairman of the JCS<br />Military Departments<br />Secretary of Defense<br />Deputy Secretary of Defense<br />Unified Commands<br />Unified Commanders<br /><ul><li>Direct link to President & Secretary of Defense
  43. 43. 6 Commanders have geographic responsibility
  44. 44. 4 Commanders have worldwide responsibility</li></ul>Central<br />Command<br />Southern<br />Command<br />European<br />Command<br />Pacific<br />Command<br />Northern<br />Command<br />Africa<br />Command<br />Joint Forces<br />Command<br />Transportation<br />Command<br />Strategic <br />Command<br />Special<br />Operations<br />Command<br />
  45. 45. What we do<br /><ul><li>Warfighting
  46. 46. Humanitarian
  47. 47. Peacekeeping
  48. 48. Evacuation
  49. 49. Homeland Security</li></li></ul><li>Our most important resource<br /><ul><li>It’s not tanks, planes or ships, it’s …</li></ul>People<br />
  50. 50. Our bottom line<br /><ul><li>Provide the military forces needed to deter war
  51. 51. Protect the security of the United States
  52. 52. Fight and win our nation’s wars if/when called upon to do so</li></li></ul><li>WAR<br />
  53. 53. Reality of Warfare<br />War will happen…<br /><ul><li>At the worst possible time
  54. 54. In the worst possible place
  55. 55. With the worst possible enemy</li></ul>YOUR job is to wage war… … better than the enemy<br />
  56. 56. Professional Responsibility<br />Learn HOW we wage war in ALL of its forms – Against ANY/ALL of our enemies<br />“Being a warrior is not an AFSC…it’s a condition of the heart!!!” – Gen Jumper<br />
  57. 57. Definition of War<br />“War is nothing but a duel on an extensive scale… Each strives by physical force to compel the other to submit to his will… War therefore isan act of violence to compel our opponent to do our will.”<br />– Carl von Clausewitz<br />
  58. 58. Basic Themes of War<br /><ul><li>Politics and violence are intertwined
  59. 59. War is policy…</li></ul>… “that fights battles instead of writing notes”<br /><ul><li>War is the continuation of politics with the addition of other means</li></li></ul><li>National Policy Through War<br />- War is a last resort of policy<br />-- We exhaust diplomatic efforts!<br />-- When military engages, the political process doesn’t stop<br />Bottom line:Success in war can only be measured by whether political objectives are achieved<br />
  60. 60. Realism<br /><ul><li>Wars are clashes of power and interest
  61. 61. Moral constraints should never be put above a nation’s self-interest
  62. 62. Focuses on military necessity, where all methods can or should be used to achieve victory:
  63. 63. Burning of Atlanta in Civil War
  64. 64. Bombing civilian centers in WWII</li></ul>Adolf Hitler<br />
  65. 65. Holy War<br /><ul><li>Wars aren’t merely human affairs:
  66. 66. Divine instruments of judgment
  67. 67. Authorized by God
  68. 68. God responsible for outcome
  69. 69. Cosmic battle between Good and Evil</li></li></ul><li>Pacifism<br />“Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.<br /><ul><li>Opposes war as a means of settling disputes and advocates use of arbitration, surrender, or even migration</li></ul>Spectrum ranges:<br /><ul><li>Avoidance of war atallcosts
  70. 70. War only as a last resort</li></ul>Mahatma Gandhi<br />
  71. 71. Just War Theory<br /><ul><li>Killing is morally unacceptable…
  72. 72. Determine when war is morally justified and define actions that are permissible
  73. 73. Focuses on:
  74. 74. Protection of non-combatants
  75. 75. Wage war by clearly defined rules
  76. 76. Bottom line: Fight for a just cause and employ just means</li></ul>St. Thomas Aquinas<br />
  77. 77. Battle of Waterloo, June 1815<br />Fog<br />Difficulty to see and understand what’s happening in battle<br />Once a literal “FOG” <br />Now more figuratively:<br /><ul><li>Too much happening
  78. 78. Misinformation
  79. 79. Conflicting information</li></ul>Overwhelmed with too much info!!!<br />
  80. 80. Friction<br />Murphy’s Law… at its worst<br /><ul><li>Troops are lost
  81. 81. Bombs miss their target
  82. 82. Enemies don’t act as expected</li></ul>Friction is that which seems easy in war planning made difficult in reality!<br />“Everything in war is very simple, but the simplest thing is difficult.” – Clausewitz<br />
  83. 83. Assassination attempt on Hitler<br />Col Stauffenberg<br />Chance<br />Plain dumb luck and fortune.<br />Battle of Midway Island<br />
  84. 84. Elements of War<br />Participants<br />Motives<br />Objectives<br />Scope of War<br />Level of Violence<br />Means Used<br />Asymmetry<br />
  85. 85. Summary<br />- LLAB & Meal Deal 3 up/3 down <br />-- Debrief (5 min)<br />- 440 CW/CC “State of the Cadet Wing”<br />-- Briefing (10 min)<br />- Principles of War <br />-- Short Movie (20 min)<br />-- OPERATION DESERT STORM (5 min)<br />-- 12 Principles of Joint Operations Discussion (1 each – 20 min)<br />- The Department of Defense (10 min) <br />- War and the American Military (10 min)<br />- AF Topic of Your Choice (10 min) <br />* Recommendations for Living Arrangements as 2d Lts<br />
  86. 86. For Next Class<br />Prepare for Lessons 4, 17 and 19<br />Take a brief look at the Substance Abuse CBT on disk<br />Skim readings for Lessons 17 & 19<br />Complete Take-Home Exam<br />Will be posted NLT 1 Oct 09 at 1200L to Blackboard and Emailed<br />
  87. 87. Questions?<br />

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