Lessons 14, 15, And 16   Prin Of War, War And Amer Mil, And Do D   Doherty 29 Sep 09
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Lessons 14, 15, And 16 Prin Of War, War And Amer Mil, And Do D Doherty 29 Sep 09

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Lessons 14, 15, And 16 Prin Of War, War And Amer Mil, And Do D Doherty 29 Sep 09 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. AS-4100Lessons 14, 15 & 16
    Principles of War
    War & The American Military
    The Department of Defense
    Lt Col Wayne Doherty
    29 Sep 09
  • 2. Overview
    - LLAB & Meal Deal 3 up/3 down
    -- Debrief (5 min)
    - 440 CW/CC “State of the Cadet Wing”
    -- Briefing (10 min)
    - Principles of War
    -- Short Movie (20 min)
    -- OPERATION DESERT STORM (5 min)
    -- 12 Principles of Joint Operations Discussion (1 for each student – 20 min)
    - The Department of Defense (10 min)
    - War and the American Military (10 min)
    - AF Topic of Your Choice (10 min)
    * Recommendations for Living Arrangements as 2d Lts
  • 3. Principles of War – plus!
    Unity of command
    Security
    Surprise
    Simplicity
    Restraint
    Perseverance
    Objective
    Offensive
    Mass
    Economy of force
    Maneuver
    Legitimacy
  • 4. Principles of Joint Operations
    Unity of command
    Security
    Surprise
    Simplicity
    Restraint
    Perseverance
    Objective
    Offensive
    Mass
    Economy of force
    Maneuver
    Legitimacy
    Handouts
  • 5. Video
    Insert Movie File
  • 6. History
    Sun Tzu
    Napoleon
    JFC Fuller
  • 7.
  • 8. The “Left Hook”
  • 9. Objective
    Directs military operations toward a defined and attainable objective that contributes to strategic, operational, or tactical aims.
  • 10. Offensive
    Dictates that we act rather than react and dictate the time, place, purpose, scope, intensity, and pace of operations. The initiative must be seized, retained, and
    fully exploited.
  • 11. Mass
    Concentrates combat power at the decisive time and place.
    Mass in WWII
    Mass Today
  • 12. Economy of Force
    Creates usable mass by using minimum combat power on secondary objectives. Makes fullest use of forces available.
  • 13. Maneuver
    Places the enemy in a position of disadvantage through the flexible application of combat power.
  • 14. Unity of Command
    Ensures unity of effort for every objective under one responsible commander.
  • 15. Security
    Protects friendly forces and their operations from enemy actions which could provide the enemy with unexpected advantage.
  • 16. Surprise
    Strikes the enemy at a time or place or in a manner for which he is unprepared.
  • 17. Simplicity
    Avoids unnecessary complexity in preparing, planning, and conducting military operations.
    Source: http://www.efreedomnews.com/images/Iraq/GulfWarMap.gif
    Used under Fair Use
  • 18. Restraint
  • 19. Perseverance
  • 20. Legitimacy
  • 21. WELCOME TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
  • 22. How we evolved
    Air
    Marine
    Coast
    Force
    Corps
    Guard
    SecDef position created
    Nat’l Mil Estab
    Dept. of Defense
    DoD created (1949)
    Army
    Navy
    1798
    1947
    1775
    1775
    1775
    War Department (1789)
    Dept. of the Army
    Department of the Navy (1798)
    Dept. of the AF
    America’s oldest company
  • 23. 5.2 million strong
    • 1.4 million active duty
    • 24. 673,000 civilians
    • 25. 1.2 million Guard and Reserve
    • 26. 2.0 million retirees & families receiving benefits
    America’s largest company
  • 27. Our global infrastructure
    • Operates from more than 6,000 locations
    • 28. Using more than 30 million acres
    • 29. More than 600,000 buildings and structures
    America’s largest company
  • 30. Worldwide presence
    • More than 146 countries
    • 31. Some 473,881 personnel overseas or afloat
    America’s largest company
  • 32. In comparison ...
    Budget/
    CompanyRevenue*Employees*
    DoD $439 billion 2,073,000
    Wal-Mart 305 billion 1,700,000
    ExxonMobile 354 billion 85,900
    GM 192 billion 324,000
    Ford 175 billion 325,400
    America’s largest company
  • 33. America’s Largest Company
    America’s Largest Company
    Our Headquarters
    Our Headquarters
    Pentagon

    facts and figures
    §
    Construction: 16 months/$83 million

    Corridors: 17 ½ miles

    Employees: 25,000

    Bldg size: 29 acres

    Office Space: 3.8M ft2

    Parking Space: 67 acres

    Circumference: 9/10
    mile
    th

    Who we work for
    The United States Congress
  • 34. America’s Busiest Company
    America’s Busiest Company
    Every month we...
    Every month we...
    Cut 5 million paychecks
    §
    Take 920,000 contracts or purchase
    §
    actions
    Fit 50,000 pairs of boots
    §
    Serve 3.4 million meals
    §
  • 35. America’s Busiest Company
    America’s Busiest Company
    On any given day we...
    On any given day we...
    Buy enough fuel to drive a car around the
    §
    world 13,000 times
    Maintain 12,000 miles of waterways
    §
    Operate 24% of US hydropower capacity
    §
    Manage 232 high schools and elementary
    §
    schools
    Provide day care for more than 200,000
    §
    children
    Who we work for
  • 36. America’s Busiest Company
    America’s Busiest Company
    Last Year we...
    Last Year we...
    Recruited 217,000 military
    §
    Hired 19,700 civilians
    §
    Separated 220,000 military and 50,000
    §
    civilians
    24% turnover
    §
  • 37. How we

    re organized
    President
    • President
    • 38. Secretary of Defense
    Office of the Secretary of Defense
    Military Departments
    Chairman of the JCS
    • Plan & coordinate
    • 39. Train & equip
    Unified Commands
    • Conduct operations
    • 40. Organization
  • Office of the Secretary of Defense
    Unified Commands
    Chairman of the JCS
    Military Departments
    • Services train and equip
    Department of Defense
    Military Departments
    Dept of
    Homeland
    Security
    U.S. Marine Corps
    U.S. Navy
    U.S. Air Force
    U.S. Army
    U.S. Coast
    Guard
  • 41. Office of the Secretary of Defense
    Unified Commands
    Military Departments
    Chairman, JCS
    Vice Chairman, JCS
    Chief of Staff, Army
    Commandant, Marine Corps
    Chief of Naval Operations
    Chief of Staff, Air Force
    Secretary of Defense
    Deputy Secretary of Defense
    Chairman of the JCS
    Director,
    Joint Staff
    J-1
    Manpower and
    Personnel
    J-2
    Intelligence
    (DIA)
    J-3
    Operations
    J-4
    Logistics
    J-5
    Strategic
    Plans & Policy
    J-6
    Command,Control
    Communications
    Computers
    J-7
    Operational Plans & Interoperability
    J-8
    Force Structure,
    Resources &
    Assessment
    Plans and coordinates
  • 42. Office of the Secretary of Defense
    Chairman of the JCS
    Military Departments
    Secretary of Defense
    Deputy Secretary of Defense
    Unified Commands
    Unified Commanders
    • Direct link to President & Secretary of Defense
    • 43. 6 Commanders have geographic responsibility
    • 44. 4 Commanders have worldwide responsibility
    Central
    Command
    Southern
    Command
    European
    Command
    Pacific
    Command
    Northern
    Command
    Africa
    Command
    Joint Forces
    Command
    Transportation
    Command
    Strategic
    Command
    Special
    Operations
    Command
  • 45. What we do
    • Warfighting
    • 46. Humanitarian
    • 47. Peacekeeping
    • 48. Evacuation
    • 49. Homeland Security
  • Our most important resource
    • It’s not tanks, planes or ships, it’s …
    People
  • 50. Our bottom line
    • Provide the military forces needed to deter war
    • 51. Protect the security of the United States
    • 52. Fight and win our nation’s wars if/when called upon to do so
  • WAR
  • 53. Reality of Warfare
    War will happen…
    • At the worst possible time
    • 54. In the worst possible place
    • 55. With the worst possible enemy
    YOUR job is to wage war… … better than the enemy
  • 56. Professional Responsibility
    Learn HOW we wage war in ALL of its forms – Against ANY/ALL of our enemies
    “Being a warrior is not an AFSC…it’s a condition of the heart!!!” – Gen Jumper
  • 57. Definition of War
    “War is nothing but a duel on an extensive scale… Each strives by physical force to compel the other to submit to his will… War therefore isan act of violence to compel our opponent to do our will.”
    – Carl von Clausewitz
  • 58. Basic Themes of War
    • Politics and violence are intertwined
    • 59. War is policy…
    … “that fights battles instead of writing notes”
    • War is the continuation of politics with the addition of other means
  • National Policy Through War
    - War is a last resort of policy
    -- We exhaust diplomatic efforts!
    -- When military engages, the political process doesn’t stop
    Bottom line:Success in war can only be measured by whether political objectives are achieved
  • 60. Realism
    • Wars are clashes of power and interest
    • 61. Moral constraints should never be put above a nation’s self-interest
    • 62. Focuses on military necessity, where all methods can or should be used to achieve victory:
    • 63. Burning of Atlanta in Civil War
    • 64. Bombing civilian centers in WWII
    Adolf Hitler
  • 65. Holy War
    • Wars aren’t merely human affairs:
    • 66. Divine instruments of judgment
    • 67. Authorized by God
    • 68. God responsible for outcome
    • 69. Cosmic battle between Good and Evil
  • Pacifism
    “Returning violence for violence multiplies violence, adding deeper darkness to a night already devoid of stars.” – Martin Luther King, Jr.
    • Opposes war as a means of settling disputes and advocates use of arbitration, surrender, or even migration
    Spectrum ranges:
    • Avoidance of war atallcosts
    • 70. War only as a last resort
    Mahatma Gandhi
  • 71. Just War Theory
    • Killing is morally unacceptable…
    • 72. Determine when war is morally justified and define actions that are permissible
    • 73. Focuses on:
    • 74. Protection of non-combatants
    • 75. Wage war by clearly defined rules
    • 76. Bottom line: Fight for a just cause and employ just means
    St. Thomas Aquinas
  • 77. Battle of Waterloo, June 1815
    Fog
    Difficulty to see and understand what’s happening in battle
    Once a literal “FOG”
    Now more figuratively:
    • Too much happening
    • 78. Misinformation
    • 79. Conflicting information
    Overwhelmed with too much info!!!
  • 80. Friction
    Murphy’s Law… at its worst
    • Troops are lost
    • 81. Bombs miss their target
    • 82. Enemies don’t act as expected
    Friction is that which seems easy in war planning made difficult in reality!
    “Everything in war is very simple, but the simplest thing is difficult.” – Clausewitz
  • 83. Assassination attempt on Hitler
    Col Stauffenberg
    Chance
    Plain dumb luck and fortune.
    Battle of Midway Island
  • 84. Elements of War
    Participants
    Motives
    Objectives
    Scope of War
    Level of Violence
    Means Used
    Asymmetry
  • 85. Summary
    - LLAB & Meal Deal 3 up/3 down
    -- Debrief (5 min)
    - 440 CW/CC “State of the Cadet Wing”
    -- Briefing (10 min)
    - Principles of War
    -- Short Movie (20 min)
    -- OPERATION DESERT STORM (5 min)
    -- 12 Principles of Joint Operations Discussion (1 each – 20 min)
    - The Department of Defense (10 min)
    - War and the American Military (10 min)
    - AF Topic of Your Choice (10 min)
    * Recommendations for Living Arrangements as 2d Lts
  • 86. For Next Class
    Prepare for Lessons 4, 17 and 19
    Take a brief look at the Substance Abuse CBT on disk
    Skim readings for Lessons 17 & 19
    Complete Take-Home Exam
    Will be posted NLT 1 Oct 09 at 1200L to Blackboard and Emailed
  • 87. Questions?