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A research report on design-build projects.

A research report on design-build projects.

Published in: Education, Technology
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  • 1. RUKIYA ABRAHAMS 210032502 30 JULY 2011CAPE PENINSULA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY
  • 2. PART- AMasibambane College Multipurpose Building
  • 3. PART- A Masibambane College Multipurpose Building provided with a place to cook and o The bedrooms are West/ East facing,1) Functional Idea: eat and for ablution. 2)Functional therefore still gets sunlight. Since theVerbs: (active) o In the some space a teaching and Organization: materials used are good insulators of learning area was provided, while heat, they absorb heat and at night1. Educate / teach at the same time, this space distributes this heat through he room.2. Sleep How are spaces arranged? Why? provides playing area (jungle-gym o Ablution spaces and kitchen is facing3. Eat (Refer to Figure 1.1) with climbing wall and ladder). East facing. This is because it is least4. Cook They are arranged in this order so that o In other words, it’s a used and doesn’t require much5. Learn functions do not clash – i.e. served ‘multipurpose’ building. sunlight.6. Play (yellow) and servant spaces (blue)7. Sit Why? How? Who? When? Explain (in words) whether the technology How do spaces relate to each other? Why? o Due to the need for a dormitory, played a role in developing/What is the objective of the place? The design to this arrangement has lead to this functional idea was developed. supporting the idea in (1)This building is meant as an education the sleeping area being secluded to o By analyzing the need, these The materials used are sustainable and facility that provides a dormitory one space and the veranda, kitchen students were able to come up durable with low maintenance and for guest teachers and pupils. and ablution area an open/ shared with a design in a limited space since this building would be needed Provision for an open air classroom area as this space is shared. I think that would provide all these and used for quite some time, the and playing area was made – it that the servant area is centered for activities for the functional idea. technology supports the function. integrates the activities of easy access between people in use of o The building is aimed at both The materials used are also very flexible, learning, playing and living space. the veranda and people in use of the adults and children for the therefore played a role in developing bedrooms. learning and teaching experience. the functional idea (e.g.. Play)What exactly is done in the place? o This building is presumed to be enforcing the function further ando Mainly provides a temporary How are spaces orientated? Why? used 24/7, as it is a learning space still linking it to it’s form (a jungle- sleeping area for guest teachers (Refer to figure 1.3) in the mornings to evenings and a gym as part of the structure). and pupils . o The veranda faces to the North, as this sleeping space for at night.o While on their stay they have been is the space that is most occupied during the day. Figure 1.1 Figure 1.2 Figure 1.3
  • 4. PART- AModimo o Moholo Daycare Centre for the Disabled
  • 5. PART- A Modimo o Moholo Daycare Centre for the Disabled them to work and be creative (a good separated (but still linked).1) Functional Idea: growing experience). The office 2)Functional Organization: provides an area in which to plan and How are spaces orientated? Why?Verbs: (active) organize – where all paper work is How are spaces arranged? Why? (Refer to figure 2.3)1. Care done, etc. – and to provide means of (Refer to Figure 2.1) o Working/ habitable spaces face North2. Teach/ educate communication (whether it be in the I notice that the spaces are arranged according and West (these spaces are most3. Work & create (workshop) form of meetings/ telephonically, to their different activities and how they occupied during the day and ensures a4. Plan/ organize, communicate etc.) This place also provides space relate to each other. In figure 2.1, blue warm space to work in)5. Learn (read, write) for ablution and storage. highlights the served spaces and yellow o Service spaces face East, as this is the6. Store highlights the servant spaces. least occupied.7. Ablution Why? How? Who? When?8. Walk, sit (veranda) o In these communities, there is a How do spaces relate to each other? Why? Explain (in words) whether the technology growing need for places where the o The workshop, office and veranda area played a role in developing/ supportingWhat is the objective of the place? disabled are taken care of. (served/ habitable) is kept together on the idea in (1)The main object of this place is to provide o By the students coming together and one side and the ablution and store area The materials used are sustainable and a service to the disabled. Giving them addressing this need, they came up (servant/ service area) is kept together. durable with low maintenance and this is a place to learn, socialize, grow and a with this solution. This is a good In doing this the different atmospheres a building would be needed for quite place where people can take care of example of where the form follows of served and servant spaces wouldn’t some time, therefore the technology the disabled. function and it’s technology clash. supports the functional idea: it’s not (sustainable building). o The arrangement of spaces are fit for harsh/ hard materials for the occupantsWhat exactly is done in the place? o This building is aimed at catering for convenience – workshop in the centre and it’s flexible with regards to theModimo o Moholo Centre for the Disabled the disabled and for those who take (main objective of the building), offices activities they do. Most of the materials provides a place where the disabled care of them. adjacent to the workshop (easy access, may be durable ad recycled as the are taken care of. They are educated/ o I presume this place is only used although not too close to allow for a building will be needed for quite some trained in various things – it’s a place between morning and evening. quiet office atmosphere), the veranda fit time. Also, they incorporated ramps for for them to learn (read & write, etc.). between them (as a link), the ablutions wheelchairs and long spanned roofs for The workshops provides a place for near to workshop core, and store space shade, this reinforces its main function. Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2 Figure 2.3
  • 6. PART- AEmmanuel Crèche
  • 7. PART- A Emmanuel Crèche play and have a fun, pleasant throughout the afternoon, for children’s1) Functional Idea: experience during their stay. An 2)Functional Organization: play time. office area is also provided, where o Both classrooms catch the afternoonVerbs: (active) most of the organizing, planning, How are spaces arranged? Why? sun, taking the materials into account,1. Educate / teach/ read/ write communicating occurs. (Refer to Figure 3.1) the building should be quite warm, as it2. Organize/ work/ plan/ Spaces are arranged according to how they is also occupied most of the day. communicate Why? How? Who? When? relate to one another, and according to o Kitchen and ablutions get the least sun3. Ablution o I think that this community was in servant and served spaces. It was as it is the least occupied.4. Cook/ eat great need of a crèche, and for a decided here to keep the service area5. Play disadvantaged area not many are centered and all served/ habitable Explain (in words) whether the technology6. Sit/ walk always built. Childhood is a spaces to work around it. played a role in developing supporting sensitive growing period to anyone the idea in (1)What is the objective of the place? in this world, therefore this place How do spaces relate to each other? Why? o The technology used helps blend theThe main objective is to operate a safe was provided, so to give the kids a o The service area was kept to the core of building into its context. crèche for kindergarten kids (from good start in life. the building so that working spaces o The materials used for this project are disadvantaged backgrounds) to be o They had identified a need and could be distributed around it. This is sustainable and durable with low taken care of, to be educated and formulated a solution. As well with for easy access to the working spaces. maintenance and this building would be to have a fun experience at the this building, the form followed o Classrooms are separated to avoid the needed for quite some time, therefore same time. the function and furthermore cluster of working space to introduce a the technology supports the functional enforcing the functional idea. free and open setting for the kids. idea.What exactly is done in the place? o This place is aimed at serving a o The office enjoins one of the classrooms, o It brings so much flexibility to theChildren are being educated by a disadvantaged community, most probably to allow for convenience/ intended function. The kids would most teaching staff to learn, read and providing a space for kids to have a easy access and close link for staff to probably like the soft, free atmosphere write. This place also provides a good learning and growing keep a watchful-eye on the younger kids. the materials give off. The natural safe place for them to eat (as they experience. colours give off a comforting feeling. might not get this at home). There o This place is presumably occupied How are spaces orientated? Why? is an ablution area ergonomically during the mornings and evenings (Refer to figure 3.3) designed to suite their age (height/ (while parents are at work) o The large veranda faces North, as this size). They are also encouraged to space is most likely to be occupied Figure 2.1 Figure 2.2 Figure 2.3
  • 8. PART- AThembelihle Crèche
  • 9. PART- A Thembelihle Crèche are done. Provision for ablutions How are spaces orientated? Why?1) Functional Idea: were made. They have also provided 2)Functional Organization: (Refer to figure 3.3) a shaded play area for the kids and a o The large veranda faces North, as thisVerbs: (active) large veranda for easy movement How are spaces arranged? Why? space is most likely to be occupied1. Educate / teach/ read/ write through the building. (Refer to Figure 4.1) throughout the afternoon, for children’s2. Organize/ work/ plan/ communicate Spaces are arranged according to how they play time.3. Ablution Why? How? Who? When? relate to one another, and according to o Both classrooms face north, and the4. Cook/ eat o This place was provided to eliminate servant and served spaces. It was back faces the incoming wind and rains.5. Play the need of a crèche in the area. This decided here to keep the served/6. Sit/ walk is a place where children are habitable spaces linked and adjacent to Explain (in words) whether the technology educated before they attend grade- each other, while servant spaces are played a role in developing supportingWhat is the objective of the place? school and where they can learn the separated. This is to arrive at better the idea in (1)This building provides a place for importance of play. movement throughout the place. And so o The materials used for this project are preschoolers where they can learn o A group of students had come that orientation according to the sun is sustainable and durable with low and play. This preschool provides together to design and plan a right. maintenance and this building would be these children with a pleasurable sustainable, durable, secure place to needed for quite some time, therefore growing experience. provide this service. How do spaces relate to each other? Why? the technology supports the functional o This place is aimed at preschoolers o The service area was kept to the other idea.What exactly is done in the place? and teachers to use. side of the veranda. The veranda here is o It brings so much flexibility to theThe students have provided them with o It is most likely to be used only used as a link between served and intended function. The kids would most classrooms where the teachers are during the mornings and evenings as servant spaces. probably like the soft, free atmosphere able to educate and in turn the a convenience for parents who work o Classrooms are separated to avoid the the materials give off. The natural preschoolers are able to learn (read during the day. cluster of working space to introduce a colours give off a comforting feeling. and write). A kitchen is provided for free and open setting for the kids. o The shade cloth protects classroom from meal times during the day – teachers o The office is cornered to the back heat, so children can learn in comfort, and kids benefit from this. An office adjacent to the classrooms and the and it covers the play area to provide is provided where most of the kitchen and ablutions which allows for shade. organizing, planning and easy access. communicating with other parties Figure 4.1 Figure 4.2 Figure 4.3
  • 10. PART- AMontic Factory Crèche
  • 11. PART- A Montic Factory Crèche play and have a fun, pleasant materials into account, the building1) Functional Idea: experience during their stay. An 2)Functional should be quite warm, as it is alsoVerbs: (active) office area is also provided, where Organization: occupied most of the day. most of the organizing, planning, o Kitchen and ablutions get the least1. Educate / teach/ read/ write communicating occurs. sun as it is the least occupied.2. Organize/ work/ plan/ How are spaces arranged? Why? communicate (Refer to Figure 5.1) Why? How? Who? When? Explain (in words) whether the technology3. Ablution Spaces are arranged according to how they o I think that this community was in played a role in developing supporting4. Cook/ eat relate to one another, and according to great need of a crèche, and for a the idea in (1)5. Play servant and served spaces. It was disadvantaged area not many are o The materials used for this project are6. Sit/ walk decided here to keep the served/ always built. Childhood is a sustainable and durable with low habitable areas together and the sensitive growing period to anyone maintenance and this building wouldWhat is the objective of the place? servant spaces separate, for ease of in this world, therefore this place be needed for quite some time,The main objective is to operate a safe movement. was provided, so to give the kids a therefore the technology supports the crèche for kindergarten kids (from good start in life. functional idea. disadvantaged backgrounds) to be How do spaces relate to each other? Why? o They had identified a need and o It brings so much flexibility to the taken care of, to be educated and o The service area was kept separate to formulated a solution. As well with intended function. The kids would to have a fun experience at the the served areas. this building, the form followed most probably like the soft, free same time. o Classrooms and play areas are the function and furthermore atmosphere the materials give off. The adjacent to each other, their functions enforcing the functional idea. natural colours give off a comfortingWhat exactly is done in the place? are similar and they relate to each o This place is aimed at serving a feeling.Children are being educated by a other. Whereas the kitchen and disadvantaged community, o The long-span roof protects classroom teaching staff to learn, read and ablutions are separate as it serves a providing a space for kids to have a from heat and rain, but yet also write. This place also provides a different function. good learning and growing providing ventilation so children can place for them to eat (as they experience. learn in comfort. The shade cloth might not get this at home). There How are spaces orientated? Why? o This place is presumably occupied covers the play area to provide shade. is an ablution area ergonomically (Refer to figure 5.2) during the mornings and evenings designed to suite their age (height/ o All classrooms catch the afternoon (while parents are at work) size). They are also encouraged to sun (North facing). Taking the Figure 5.1 Figure 5.2
  • 12. PART- AOlifantsvlei Crèche
  • 13. PART- A Olifantsvlei Crèche structure. to the back of the building for easy1) Functional Idea: 2)Functional Organization: access while inside the building. Why? How? Who? When?Verbs: (active) o I think that this community was in How are spaces arranged? Why? Explain (in words) whether the technology1. Educate / teach/ read/ write great need of a crèche, and for a (Refer to Figure 6.1) played a role in developing supporting2. Organize/ work/ plan/ communicate disadvantaged area not many are Spaces are arranged according to how they the idea in (1)3. Ablution always built. Childhood is a sensitive relate to one another, and according to o The materials used for this project are4. Cook/ eat growing period to anyone in this servant and served spaces. It was sustainable and durable with low5. Play world, therefore this place was decided here to keep the served/ maintenance and this building would be6. Sit/ walk provided, so to give the kids a good habitable areas together and the servant needed for quite some time, therefore start in life. spaces separate, for ease of movement. the technology supports the functionalWhat is the objective of the place? o They had identified a need and idea.This building provides a place for formulated a solution. As well with How do spaces relate to each other? Why? o It brings so much flexibility to the preschoolers where they can learn this building, the form followed the o The service area was kept separate to the intended function. The kids would most and play. This preschool provides function and furthermore enforcing served areas. probably like the soft, free atmosphere these children with a pleasurable the functional idea. o Classrooms are separated to avoid the the materials give off. The natural growing experience. o This place is aimed at serving a cluster of working space to introduce a colours give off a comforting feeling. disadvantaged community, providing free and open setting for the kids. o Using the colourful skylight in theWhat exactly is done in the place? a space for kids to have a good o The play area is just outside/ between design not only provides for its literalThe students have provided them with learning and growing experience. the classrooms which acts as a link. This function but also makes it playful. classrooms where the teachers are o This place is presumably occupied allows for children to better socialize. o The use of different levels gives the able to educate and in turn the during the mornings and evenings children a different sense of atmosphere preschoolers are able to learn (read (while parents are at work) How are spaces orientated? Why? on each level, which is much different to and write). A kitchen is provided for (Refer to figure 5.2) the common class situation but good in meal times during the day – teachers o The entrance is situated to the south a sense that it avoids the ‘robotic’ and kids benefit from this. Provision and class rooms as well. However, the movement patterns. for ablutions were made. They have skylights make provision for sunlight. incorporated the play area into the o The kitchen and ablutions are situated Figure 5.1 Figure 5.2
  • 14. PART- BThembelihle Crèche Detail Section 1:50
  • 15. PART- B Thembelihle Crèche
  • 16. PART- B Thembelihle Crèche
  • 17. PART- C St. Michaels Primary School (The written proposal)After studying the six buildings in the ‘+10 Years, +100 Buildings ‘ book, a prominent feature/ functional ideacomes up – to be explained further – which will serve as a good proposal to St. Michaels Primary School.If you take a look at the photographs surrounding this text, you’ll notice their current play area, there are anumber of unsafe and inappropriate elements to any child’s play area. Here is a list of some:1. I notice that the slide, swings and maybe a few other things are broken/ damaged. This is very hazardous as they can easily hurt themselves.2. The play area is situated on a sandy patch. This can be very messy, where in summer dry sand/ dust may dirty their school uniforms, etc.; and in winter or rainy days sand becomes muddy (which is even messier).3. The form of the current structure can often become very boring to the children. It’s a long structure,, colourless (it blends too much into its surroundings) and it has very little activities that could be done in this play area.However, there are advantages to the play area as well:1. The shade of the existing trees cover the entire play area. This serves as a good protection against the sun.2. The materials used for the current play area can be recycled. Therefore, if we decide to make a new play area, we can reuse these materials.My proposal: To recreate a play area for these children. To give them something ‘new’ and fun. To give them a durable structure, so that students to come will also benefit from it. To ensure that ‘play’ is a big/ important part in their growing experience.

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